Mao Yuanxin

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This is a Chinese name; the family name is Mao.
Mao Yuanxin
Mao Yuanxin younger.jpg
Mao Yuanxin as a child with Mao Zedong; c. 1940s
Traditional Chinese 毛遠新
Simplified Chinese 毛远新

Mao Yuanxin (born 14 February 1941) was the liaison between Chinese leader Mao Zedong and the Communist Party's Central Committee in the former's ailing years, when he was no longer able to regularly attend political functions. He was Mao Zedong's nephew and considered an ally to the hardline political faction known as the Gang of Four, and was arrested soon after Mao's death after a political struggle ensued, and was sentenced to prison.

Biography[edit]

Born on 14 February 1941 in Dihua (now Urumqi), Mao Yuanxin is the son of Mao Zemin, a younger brother of Mao Zedong. Mao Zemin had joined the Communist Party in 1922 and was executed by a warlord in 1943. Sheng Shicai, governor of Xinjiang, had been aligned to the Chinese Communist Party and had at first welcomed Mao Zemin, but switched allegiance after Germany invaded the Soviet Union. Mao Yuanxin's mother was also arrested, and Yuanxin was born in jail.[1] After Mao Yuanxin's mother remarried, he was brought up as part of his uncle's family.

In 1960, Mao Yuanxin was admitted to Tsinghua University, then transferred to the PLA Institute of Military Engineering and became politically important during the Cultural Revolution. In 1973 he became party secretary of Liaoning province and political commissar of Shenyang Military Region in 1974.[2] Mao was ailing from complications of Alzheimer's Disease and was no longer able to attend Central Committee meetings on a regular basis. As a result, Mao Yuanxin became the Chairman's liaison with the Politburo in 1975,[3] and contributed to the temporary fall of Deng Xiaoping in 1976, as well as a series of other political manuoevers of the Gang of Four. [1]

During Mao Zedong's final years, Mao Yuanxin had a close relationship with the Gang of Four.[4] Some historians believe that Mao Yuanxin relayed news to Mao that the April 1976 "Tiananmen Incident" was planned by Deng Xiaoping, which resulted in Mao's final break with Deng before the latter's purge. He was arrested along with other of their supporters following Mao's death in October 1976, and was sentenced to seventeen years in prison by court martial.[5]

Mao Yuanxin faded from public view after the end of the Cultural Revolution. He was released from prison in October 1993 after serving his sentence. He changed his name to "Li Shi" (李实) and worked in the Shanghai Automobile Industry Quality Testing Institute as a technician. He retired in 2001, and receives a pension in accordance with his "senior technician" qualification. He also receives treatment as a "martyr's family member" because of his father's manner of death.

In October 2012, Mao Yuanxin visited Xichuan County in Henan to tour the progress of the South–North Water Transfer Project.[6] Mao Yuanxin also attended the 120 year commemoration of his uncle's birth in 2013, held in Hunan Province.

Personal Life[edit]

Mao Yuanxin is married to Quan Xiufeng (全秀凤), a former factory worker. They live in Shanghai and have one daughter, Li Li (李莉), born in January 1977.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Page 11 -12, The Private Life of Chairman Mao, by Li Zhisui, Arrow Books 1996
  2. ^ Biographical Sketches in The Private Life of Chairman Mao
  3. ^ Glossary of Names and Identities in Mao's Last Revolution, by Roderick MacFarquhar and Michael Schoenhals, Harvard University Press 2006.
  4. ^ Eldest Son: Zhou Enlai and the Making of Modern China, Han Suyin, 1994. page 413.
  5. ^ Biographical Sketches in The Private Life of Chairman Mao
  6. ^ "毛泽东侄子李实参观南水北调工程(图)". HiNews. October 26, 2012. 

External links[edit]