Maoist Communist Party of Manipur

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Not to be confused with People's Liberation Army of Manipur.
Maoist Communist Party of Manipur
Chairperson Taibanglen Meitei
Spokesperson W. Malemnganba Meitei
Vice–chairperson Mang Ulen San
Founded September 2011; 3 years ago (2011-09)
Preceded by Kangleipak Communist Party (Maoist)
Headquarters Manipur
Newspaper  • Red Thunder (monthly)[1][2]
 • Red Manipur (quarterly)[3]
Armed organ New People's Militia
Ideology Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
Acknowledgement Communist Party of India (Maoist)[4]
Politics of India
Political parties
Elections

Maoist Communist Party of Manipur is an ultra-leftist[5] communist party in Manipur which aims "to establish a communist society through armed revolutionary war."[6] The Maoist Communist Party of Manipur also intends at liberating the people of Manipur from whom they view as "colonial India."[7]

Background and Ideology[edit]

The Maoist Communist Party of Manipur (MCPM) was formed in September 2011 after a faction of the Kangleipak Communist Party (KCP), known as Kangleipak Communist Party (Maoist), amended its constitution in accordance with Marxism–Leninism–Maoism and decided to take up M–L–M as the party's guiding ideology. After the party's first conference which was held in the North-East, the party issued a statement declaring that the MCPM has decided to carry out the New Democratic Revolution and would conduct the protracted people's war in collaboration with the other "Maoist revolutionary parties."[5]

Named after Kangleipak, the ancient name of Manipur, the KCP had been fighting to achieve sovereignty for Manipur for about three decades,[6] but it got split up into a number of faction after the death of its top leaders — Ibohanbi and Ibopishak – who were communist ideologues.[8] In 2009, numerous comrades of the KCP coalesced and organised a convention, and reconstructed the party's Central Committee. Forthwithly after the plenum, they named the faction as "Kangleipak Communist Party (Maoist)," and suspended all relation with the other splinter factions of the KCP.[8]

Organisation[edit]

The chairperson of the MCPM is Taibanglen Meitei,[9][2] and the its vice chairperson is Mang Ulen San.[1] The spokesperson of the party is W. Malemnganba Meitei,[5] and its Publicity and Propaganda secretary is Nonglen Meitei.[10][11] The MCPM has alleged that Chingranglen Meitei, who was working as the General Secretary of the party was ferret out and arrested by a squad of the Indian armed forces, while he was approaching towards his comrades.[12] On 20 May 2014, the MCPM released an official statement that the party was not being able to trace Chingranglen Meitei since the time of his alleged abduction [by Indian personnel], and has no clue about his "whereabouts."[13] Marx Ningshen was instated as the president of the KCP (Maoist) after the 2009 plenum.[8]

A united revolution is still a failure in Manipur due to cerebrated design of those trying to create division amongst indigenous community inhabiting in the state from time immemorial.

— Nonglen Meiti, in 2012[14]

Central Military Commission[edit]

The MCPM structured the party's Central Military Commission (CMC) on 21 September 2012, and Taibanglen Meiti is also the CMC's chairperson.[7]

New People's Militia[edit]

On 21 September 2012,[15] the MCPM also constituted an armed wing in the guidance of its CMC, known as "New People's Militia," whose objective is to muster a "People's Guerilla Army."[7] The party's chairperson has voiced that the New People's Militia (NPM) was established in the light of Mao's Theory of Three Magic Weapons, and it aims at "carrying out offensive against colonial forces to regain Manipur people's freedom status." The party believes that despite of being at the "initial stage," it is still "capable of launching offensives in mobile," and is looking forward to raise the NPM's strength, eyeing to "effectively launch positional war with the enemy [Indian State]."[15]

Legal status[edit]

The MCPM is a banned organisation.[10]

Relations with other insurgents[edit]

The Communist Party of India (Maoist) has termed the establishment of MCPM as "an event of historical significance in the annals of the history of revolution in South-Asia" and has stated that "it would fight shoulder to shoulder with them [MCPM] in the fight against the common enemy – the Indian State."[4] The CPI (Maoist) had also maintained close ties with the KCP (Maoist) and the People's Liberation Army of Manipur in the past.[5][6] The KCP (Maoist), in November 2010, pledged "support" to "Indian Maoists."[8]

World Proletarian Revolution would have a new lease of life if Maoist groups operating in Asia worked together on a common platform by setting up an Asian Maoist Coordinating Committee.

— Taibanglen Meitei, on the occasion of second anniversary of the MCPM[9]

Election boycott[edit]

The MCPM boycotted the Manipur Legislative Assembly election, 2012 and banned "all election related functions" in the state because the party believed that the "assembly elections in Manipur would never bring welfare to the people nor bring any development" and would just amplify the "Indian system of rule."[16]

In April 2014, the MCPM called for a "political strike" in Manipur[17] and boycotted the Indian general election, 2014 in the state, saying that "the Indian election is not needed." The ban imposed on the Indian general election, 2014 in Manipur by the MCPM along with the United Revolutionary Front, and the Kuki National Army (Indian) affected the political campaigning of the candidates, and they had to drop their door–to–door campaign while several candidates avoided to visit their constituencies as a violent armed action was expected beyond doubt if "electioneering" would have been attempted in Manipur.[18] The MCPM had urged its comrades to closely and alertly monitor the electoral campaign of the political parties and their contestants, and to execute strategies to pester the election process while avoiding to engender inconvenience to the people.[17]

Conducting India's elections in Manipur was nothing but a deliberate attempt to divert the mind of the people of the state from the armed struggle for liberation and to portray it (liberation struggle) in the wrong sense.

— Maoist Communist Party of Manipur, in 2014[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Maoist to launch monthly journal on Irabot Day". The People's Chronicle. 30 September 2013. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Maoist releases "Red Thunder"". Imphal Times (Imphal). 30 September 2013. Archived from the original on July 2014. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 
  3. ^ "Manipur Maoist releases English quarterly". Imphal Free Press (Imphal). 5 May 2014. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 
  4. ^ a b "Central Committee, CPI (Maoist) acknowledge Maoist Communist Party of Manipur existence". Imphal Times (Imphal). 3 May 2013. Archived from the original on July 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d Mandal, Caesar (17 September 2011). "KCP's ultra-Left turn worries Manipur". The Times of India (Kolkata). Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c "Maoism in Manipur". The Shillong Times. 21 September 2011. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c "Maoist Communist Party greets people on the first anniversary of NPM". Imphal Times (Imphal). 21 September 2013. Archived from the original on July 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  8. ^ a b c d Mandal, Caesar (18 September 2011). "NE rebels embrace Maoist ideology". Kolkata: Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. Retrieved 10 June 2014. 
  9. ^ a b "Maoist Communist Party Manipur for a common platform of Maoists". Manipur Times. 9 August 2013. Retrieved 30 July 2014. 
  10. ^ a b "May Day wishes from Maoist Communist Party, Manipur". Imphal Times (Imphal). 30 April 2013. Archived from the original on July 2014. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  11. ^ "Maoists highlights foul play in text book printing by BOSEM". Imphal Times (Imphal). 9 July 2014. Retrieved 29 July 2014. 
  12. ^ "MCPM gen secy arrested". Imphal: Manipur Times. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
  13. ^ "MCPM general secretary remained untraceable". Nagaland Post (Imphal). 21 May 2014. Retrieved 29 July 2014. 
  14. ^ "Maoists distributes seeds to farmers". The People's Chronicle. 30 December 2012. Retrieved 11 June 2014. 
  15. ^ a b "Maoist Manipur extends greetings to people". Manipur Times. Retrieved 29 July 2014. 
  16. ^ "Maoist Communist Party Manipur boycotts general election". Imphal Free Press (Sify). 26 December 2011. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 
  17. ^ a b c "MCPM announces 'political strike' to boycott LS polls". Nagaland Post. 2 April 2014. Retrieved 13 June 2014. 
  18. ^ Laithangbam, Iboyaima (31 March 2014). "Candidates unable to campaign despite protection". The Hindu (Imphal). Retrieved 13 June 2014.