Maple Creek, Saskatchewan

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Maple Creek
Wazíȟe wakpa
Town
Motto: "Where Past Is Present"
Maple Creek is located in Saskatchewan
Maple Creek
Maple Creek
Location of Maple Creek in Saskatchewan
Coordinates: 49°33′N 109°17′W / 49.55°N 109.28°W / 49.55; -109.28
Country Canada
Province Saskatchewan
Region Southwest Saskatchewan
Census division 4
Rural Municipality Maple Creek No. 111
Established 1882
Incorporated (Village) 1896
Incorporated (Town) April 30, 1903
Government
 • Mayor Barry Rudd
 • Town Manager Michele Schmidt
 • Governing body Maple Creek Town Council
 • MP David L. Anderson
 • MLA Wayne Elhard
Area
 • Land 4.42 km2 (1.71 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 2,176
 • Density 492.1/km2 (1,275/sq mi)
Time zone CST
Postal code S0N 1N0
Area code(s) 306
Highways Highway 21
Highway 271
Highway 724
Railways Canadian Pacific
Website Town of Maple Creek
[2][3]

Maple Creek (Assiniboine: Cąšúška wakpá, Wazíȟe wakpá, Wazíȟe wakpa [4]) is a town in Maple Creek Rural Municipality No. 111, Saskatchewan, Canada. The population was 2,176 at the 2011 Census.

The town is located 103 km southeast of Medicine Hat, Alberta, and 40 km north of the Cypress Hills Interprovincial Park on Highway 21 and 8 km south of the Trans Canada Highway.

The administrative centre of the Nekaneet Cree First Nations is located in Maple Creek. The Nekaneet First Nation is located 37 km southeast of Maple Creek.

History[edit]

Reddicks Farm, Maple Creek, Sk. (1920s)

After the North-West Mounted Police had been established at Fort Walsh, settlers began to explore the Cypress Hills area, living along the creeks and doing small-scale ranching. The Department of the Interior was operating a First Nations farm on the Maple Creek, a few miles south from the present town site. In 1882-1883 the First Nations (mainly Cree, Saulteaux, and Assiniboine) were moved to Qu'Appelle, and the farm was then operated by Major Shircliff, an ex-Mounted Policeman.

In the winter of 1882, a Canadian Pacific Railway construction crew of 12 decided to winter where the town of Maple Creek now stands. This marked the establishment of Maple Creek.

In June 2010, a flood submerged most of the town. The same flood hit much of southwest Saskatchewan and southern Alberta and even destroyed a portion of the Trans-Canada Highway.

Heritage sites[edit]

There are two designated municipal heritage Properties in Maple Creek:

  • The W. R. Orr Heritage Building was constructed in 1910 and over its history it has housed the Union Bank of Canada; W.R. Orr Law Office; Royal Bank of Canada; Bank of Montreal; Burnett & Orr Law Office.[5]
  • The St. Mary's Anglican Church was constructed in 1909 in the Romanesque style. The church also contains a vestry, narthex and octagonal belfry with steeple that was added in 1928.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Population by ethnic origin, 2011
Ethnic group[9] Population Percent
European 1,780 81.8%
Other North American 630 29%
First Nations 140 6.4%
Métis 50 2.3%
African 25 1.1%
Latin, Central and South American 20 0.9%
Asian 15 0.7%
Total respondent population 2175 100%

Climate[edit]

With the exception of southwestern Alberta, winters in Maple Creek are typically warmer than those in the adjacent plain region of southern Alberta and Saskatchewan, being a convalescence point for Chinook winds originating from both the Canadian and American Rocky Mountain fronts. The mean maximum temperature in January 2006 was 5.3 °C [1] for the Maple Creek townsite, compared to 5.0 °C [2] for Calgary and 4.7 °C [3] for Medicine Hat.

Climate data for Maple Creek
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.5
(63.5)
19.5
(67.1)
23.0
(73.4)
32.0
(89.6)
37.0
(98.6)
41.0
(105.8)
38.9
(102)
43.3
(109.9)
37.8
(100)
32.2
(90)
24.0
(75.2)
18.3
(64.9)
43.3
(109.9)
Average high °C (°F) −4.6
(23.7)
−0.8
(30.6)
5.3
(41.5)
13.2
(55.8)
19.1
(66.4)
23.5
(74.3)
27.1
(80.8)
26.9
(80.4)
20.3
(68.5)
13.7
(56.7)
3.1
(37.6)
−2.5
(27.5)
12.0
(53.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −10.4
(13.3)
−6.4
(20.5)
−0.6
(30.9)
6.2
(43.2)
11.8
(53.2)
16.3
(61.3)
19.3
(66.7)
18.9
(66)
12.9
(55.2)
6.9
(44.4)
−2.4
(27.7)
−8.1
(17.4)
5.4
(41.7)
Average low °C (°F) −16.0
(3.2)
−12.0
(10.4)
−6.5
(20.3)
−0.7
(30.7)
4.5
(40.1)
8.9
(48)
11.4
(52.5)
10.8
(51.4)
5.4
(41.7)
0.1
(32.2)
−7.9
(17.8)
−13.7
(7.3)
−1.3
(29.7)
Record low °C (°F) −41.7
(−43.1)
−41.0
(−41.8)
−31.7
(−25.1)
−22.8
(−9)
−8.3
(17.1)
−3.3
(26.1)
1.0
(33.8)
−0.6
(30.9)
−11.0
(12.2)
−25.0
(−13)
−34.0
(−29.2)
−42.8
(−45)
−42.8
(−45)
Precipitation mm (inches) 20.2
(0.795)
14.8
(0.583)
21.2
(0.835)
28.7
(1.13)
48.1
(1.894)
63.2
(2.488)
47.5
(1.87)
38.3
(1.508)
35.0
(1.378)
21.2
(0.835)
19.6
(0.772)
21.5
(0.846)
379.3
(14.933)
Source: Environment Canada[10]

Attractions[edit]

Education[edit]

The Sidney Street School [14] and the Maple Creek Composite School [15] serve the local community.

Great Plains College operates a satellite campus in Maple Creek.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". Statistics Canada. Government of Canada. Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  2. ^ National Archives, Archivia Net. "Post Offices and Postmasters". Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  3. ^ Government of Saskatchewan, MRD Home. "Municipal Directory System". Retrieved 2014-06-01. 
  4. ^ "AISRI Dictionary Database Search--prototype version. Assiniboine. "Montana"". Retrieved 2012-05-26. 
  5. ^ http://heritageapp.cyr.gov.sk.ca/assets/pdf/2848.pdf Saskatchewan Register of Heritage Property W. R. Orr Heritage Building
  6. ^ http://heritageapp.cyr.gov.sk.ca/assets/pdf/124.pdf Saskatchewan Register of Heritage Property St. Mary's Anglican Church
  7. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-08-03. 
  8. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2009-02-24. 
  9. ^ "NHS Profile, Maple Creek, T, Saskatchewan, 2011 (The sum of the ancestries in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ancestry (ethnic origin) in the National Household Survey.)". 2011. Retrieved 2014-11-10. 
  10. ^ Environment CanadaCanadian Climate Normals 1971-2000, accessed 27 July 2012
  11. ^ Cypress Hills Vineyard & Winery
  12. ^ Robsart Art Works
  13. ^ T.rex Discovery Centre
  14. ^ http://schools.chinooksd.ca/sidney/
  15. ^ http://schools.chinooksd.ca/mcchs/

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°55′N 109°28′W / 49.917°N 109.467°W / 49.917; -109.467 (Maple Creek, Saskatchewan)