Maplewood, New Jersey

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Maplewood, New Jersey
Township
Township of Maplewood
Municipal Building
Municipal Building
Map of Maplewood in Essex County. Inset: Location of Essex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Maplewood in Essex County. Inset: Location of Essex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Maplewood, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Maplewood, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°43′58″N 74°16′16″W / 40.732672°N 74.271125°W / 40.732672; -74.271125Coordinates: 40°43′58″N 74°16′16″W / 40.732672°N 74.271125°W / 40.732672; -74.271125[1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Essex
Incorporated April 1, 1861 as South Orange Township
Renamed November 7, 1922 as Maplewood township
Government[6]
 • Type Township
 • Mayor Victor DeLuca (term ends December 31, 2013)[3]
 • Administrator Joseph F. Manning[4]
 • Clerk Elizabeth J. Fritzen[5]
Area[1]
 • Total 3.879 sq mi (10.048 km2)
 • Land 3.877 sq mi (10.043 km2)
 • Water 0.002 sq mi (0.006 km2)  0.06%
Area rank 302nd of 566 in state
11th of 22 in county[1]
Elevation[7] 115 ft (35 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10][11]
 • Total 23,867
 • Estimate (2013)[12] 24,492
 • Rank 103rd of 566 in state
11th of 22 in county[13]
 • Density 6,155.3/sq mi (2,376.6/km2)
 • Density rank 82nd of 566 in state
9th of 22 in county[13]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07040[14][15]
Area code(s) 973[16]
FIPS code 3401343800[1][17][18]
GNIS feature ID 0882220[1][19]
Website www.twp.maplewood.nj.us

Maplewood is a suburban township in Essex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 23,867,[9][10][11] reflecting a decline of 1 person (0.0%) from the 23,868 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 2,216 (+10.2%) from the 21,652 counted in the 1990 Census.[20]

History[edit]

When surveying the area now known as Maplewood, Robert Treat found several trails used by Lenape tribes of Algonquian Native Americans, though there was only sparse pre-European settlement. These paths form the basis for what are the town's main thoroughfares today.[21]

The first European settlers arrived around 1675, primarily English, Dutch, and French Puritans who had earlier settled Hempstead, Long Island, and Stamford, Connecticut, via Newark and Elizabeth. They had acquired most of today’s Essex County from the Native Americans and followed three trails that roughly correspond to South Orange Avenue, Springfield Avenue, and Ridgewood Road. These three routes resulted in the development of three separate communities that coalesced to become Maplewood and South Orange.[21]

Those who came from Newark on the trail that now corresponds to South Orange Avenue settled the area that became South Orange Village.[21]

Six families (with last names of Smith, Brown, Pierson, Freeman, Ball, and Gildersleeve) came up today’s Ridgewood Road and established scattered farms around a center that became Jefferson Village, named after Thomas Jefferson. This village, which roughly corresponds to downtown Maplewood today, developed several mills and orchards. John Durand, the son of Hudson River school painter Asher Brown Durand (who was born in Maplewood in 1796), describes the place as a picturesque but slightly backwards community with close ties to Springfield. The apple harvest was apparently quite impressive and included “Harrison” and “Canfield” varieties. By 1815, there were approximately 30 families in the village. Although the residents of the area were predominantly Presbyterian, the first house of worship was a Baptist chapel in 1812. This was in use until 1846 and fell into disrepair until 1858, when it was taken into use as a Methodist Episcopal church.[21]

Those who came up today’s Springfield Avenue settled on a hill crest near today’s intersection between Tuscan and Springfield Avenue and established a hamlet known as North Farms. Over time, this community became known as the Hilton section. It became a stagecoach stop between Newark, Jersey City (then Paulus Hook), and Morristown and thereby a center for trade and light manufacturing. The village changed its name from North Farms to Middleville in 1830, and then to Hilton in 1880 when it was granted a post office. In 1855, Seth Boyden settled in what was then Middleville to retire but innovated a number of agricultural products, especially berries. Boyden also built and put into operation the first steam engines to service the railroad through Maplewood. The area became known for its orchards and related industries, including cider mills and rum distilleries, as well as honey and livestock.

In 1802, Jefferson Village and North Farms were named as districts within the Township of Newark.[22]

The three communities operated independently, each establishing their own school associations: South Orange established the Columbian School in 1814, which would form the basis of Columbia High School; North Farms established the North Farms Association in 1817; and Jefferson Village the Jefferson Association in 1818. In 1867, when the State of New Jersey established public education through the School Law, the newly appointed County Superintendent merged the three associations into one school district, which was formalized in 1894 as the South Orange-Maplewood School District. James Ricalton, a teacher born in Waddington, New York of Scottish parents, set the high standard of education that persists in the school district to this day.

Maplewood was originally formed as South Orange Township, which was created on April 1, 1861, from portions of Clinton Township and what was then the Town of Orange. Portions of the township were taken to form South Orange village (established May 4, 1869, within the township and became fully independent on March 4, 1904) and Vailsburg borough (formed March 28, 1904, and annexed by Newark on January 1, 1905) The name of the township was changed to Maplewood on November 7, 1922.[23]

View of Maplewood from South Mountain Reservation

When the Morris and Essex Railroad from Newark was extended to the area in 1838, a land speculator by the name of John Shedden built a railroad station in Jefferson Village and named it Maplewood. This name came to comprise areas known as Hilton, Jefferson Village, and areas previously part of Springfield. In 1868, farms were divided into parcels for residential housing. The 1920s saw significant growth in new residents and structures.

Geography[edit]

A view of Maplewood from the Columbia High School clocktower

Maplewood is located at 40°43′58″N 74°16′16″W / 40.732672°N 74.271125°W / 40.732672; -74.271125 (40.732672, −74.271125). According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 3.879 square miles (10.048 km2), of which, 3.877 square miles (10.043 km2) of it was land and 0.002 square miles (0.006 km2) of it (0.06%) of it was water.[1][2] A pond is in Memorial Park, the Rahway River runs through the town, and there is a municipal pool club with four man-made pools of water; the remainder of the area is land.

The township shares a border with West Orange and South Orange to the north, Newark and Irvington to the east, Union to the south, and Millburn to the west.

Climate[edit]

Maplewood has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa).

Climate data for Maplewood
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 39
(4)
42
(6)
51
(11)
62
(17)
72
(22)
81
(27)
86
(30)
84
(29)
77
(25)
66
(19)
55
(13)
44
(7)
63.3
(17.5)
Average low °F (°C) 18
(−8)
20
(−7)
29
(−2)
38
(3)
48
(9)
57
(14)
62
(17)
61
(16)
53
(12)
40
(4)
33
(1)
24
(−4)
40.3
(4.6)
Precipitation inches (mm) 4.13
(104.9)
3.00
(76.2)
4.17
(105.9)
4.22
(107.2)
4.74
(120.4)
4.41
(112)
4.73
(120.1)
4.74
(120.4)
5.03
(127.8)
4.18
(106.2)
4.41
(112)
3.85
(97.8)
51.61
(1,310.9)
Source: [24]

Architecture and landscape[edit]

Many of the more recognizable buildings and spaces were the work of famous architects and landscape designers. Most of the schools and the Municipal Building were the work of Guilbert & Betelle. The center of town is dominated by Memorial Park, a design of the Olmsted Brothers.[25] The Olmsted firm was also responsible for the landscaping at Ward Homestead, designed by John Russell Pope, and now known as Winchester Gardens, located on Elmwood Avenue. On the opposite side of town is another Olmsted work, South Mountain Reservation. The Maplewood Theater, designed by William E. Lehman, was where Cheryl Crawford first revived Porgy and Bess.[26]

Development controversy[edit]

Maplewood has had several development controversies.

In 2013, a large parcel of downtown Maplewood Village is under consideration for redevelopment, with the centrally located post office site being offered to developers. A group of local planners, merchants and concerned citizens, called Engage Maplewood, claims there has been very little public review on the part of the Township Committee, which solely decides land use according to New Jersey law.[27]

Engage Maplewood was formed to disseminate information, and petitions have been circulated to make this process transparent, and community-inclusive, openly questioning the sale of a major parcel of publicly owned land to private development. Concerned residents wish to have a say in the matter.[28] The Township proposed an FAQ page with details regarding redevelopment of the site.[29] As of October 2013, The Township Committee chose three potential developers in October 2013 to develop more complete proposals for the site.[30]

In 2010, the Maplewood Township Committee sold the 1930 police station site at 125 Dunnell Road, which was bordered by other low-rise civic properties, all deliberately designed during the town's municipal building program in concert with the development of Memorial Park (designed by the firm of Frederick Law Olmsted and dedicated in 1931). There was discussion about bringing greater density to the area around the park and Maplewood Village, and some residents were concerned by the possibility of additional density, openly speaking out against development.[31] The project moved ahead despite calls from the Maplewood Historic Preservation Commission for preservation and adaptive reuse [32] and the police station, noted as one of the "Ten Most Endangered Historic Sites in New Jersey", was eventually razed.[33][34]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 2,963
1880 1,733 * −41.5%
1890 1,078 * −37.8%
1900 1,630 51.2%
1910 2,979 82.8%
1920 5,283 77.3%
1930 21,321 303.6%
1940 23,139 8.5%
1950 25,201 8.9%
1960 23,977 −4.9%
1970 24,932 4.0%
1980 22,950 −7.9%
1990 21,652 −5.7%
2000 23,868 10.2%
2010 23,867 0.0%
Est. 2013 24,492 [12][35] 2.6%
Population sources:
1870–1920[36] 1870[37][38] 1880–1890[39]
1890–1910[40] 1910–1930[41]
1930–1990[42] 2000[43][44] 2010[9][10][11]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[23]
Maplewood in autumn

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 23,867 people, 8,240 households, and 6,287 families residing in the township. The population density was 6,155.3 per square mile (2,376.6/km2). There were 8,608 housing units at an average density of 2,220.0 per square mile (857.1/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 56.27% (13,430) White, 35.30% (8,426) Black or African American, 0.18% (44) Native American, 3.04% (725) Asian, 0.03% (6) Pacific Islander, 1.82% (434) from other races, and 3.36% (802) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 6.68% (1,595) of the population.[9]

There were 8,240 households, of which 42.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.8% were married couples living together, 14.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.7% were non-families. 19.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.89 and the average family size was 3.33.[9]

In the township, 28.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 29.5% from 45 to 64, and 11.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.6 years. For every 100 females there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.4 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $101,463 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,610) and the median family income was $122,102 (+/- $9,324). Males had a median income of $83,656 (+/- $10,885) versus $57,422 (+/- $5,551) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $47,404 (+/- $2,404). About 1.5% of families and 2.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.5% of those under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over.[45]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 23,868 people, 8,452 households, and 6,381 families residing in the township. The population density was 6,207.1 people per square mile (2,393.6/km2). There were 8,615 housing units at an average density of 2,240.4 per square mile (864.0/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 58.78% White, 32.63% African American, 0.13% Native American, 2.86% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.56% from other races, and 4.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.23% of the population.[43][44]

There were 8,452 households out of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.5% were non-families. 20.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.81 and the average family size was 3.27.[43][44]

In the township the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 90.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.1 males.[43][44]

The median income for a household in the township was $79,637, and the median income for a family was $92,724. Males had a median income of $57,572 versus $41,899 for females. The per capita income for the township was $36,794. 4.4% of the population and 3.4% of families were below the poverty line. 4.9% of those under the and 6.0% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.[43][44]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Fire Headquarters

Maplewood is governed under the Township form of government with a five-member Township Committee. The Township Committee is elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[6] At an annual reorganization meeting, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor for a one-year term, and another to serve as Vice Mayor. The Mayor has the responsibility of Chair for the Township Committee meetings with voice and vote. The Mayor is considered the head of the municipal government.

Municipal Building

The Township Committee is the legislative body of the municipality and is responsible for enacting the township's laws. The Township Committee is also an executive body. Under this form of government, the elected Township Committee sets policy and overall direction for the Township. The Township staff, under the direction of the Township Administrator, carries out Committee policy and provides day to day services. The Township Administrator serves as the chief administrative officer and is accountable to the Township Committee.[46]

As of 2014, members of the Maplewood Township Committee are Mayor Victor DeLuca (D, term on Committee and as Mayor ends December 31, 2014), Deputy Mayor Kathleen M. Leventhal (D, term on committee ends 2015, term as deputy mayor ends 2014), Marlon K. Brownlee (D, 2016), India R. Larrier (D, 2014) and Gerard W. Ryan (D, 2015).[47][48][49]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Post Office

Maplewood is located in the 10th Congressional District[50] and is part of New Jersey's 27th state legislative district.[10][51][52]

New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald Payne, Jr. (D, Newark).[53] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[54][55] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[56][57]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 27th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Richard Codey (D, Roseland) and in the General Assembly by Mila Jasey (D, South Orange) and John F. McKeon (D, West Orange).[58][59] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[60] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[61]

Essex County is governed by a directly-elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by the Board of Chosen Freeholders.[62] As of 2014, the County Executive is Joseph N. DiVincenzo, Jr.[63] The county's Board of Chosen Freeholders consists of nine members, four elected on an at-large basis and one from each of five wards, who serve three-year terms of office on a concurrent basis, all of which end December 31, 2014.[62][64][65] Essex County's Freeholders are Freeholder President Blonnie R. Watson (at large; Newark)[66], Freeholder Vice President Patricia Sebold (at large; Livingston)[67], Rufus I. Johnson (at large; Newark)[68], Gerald W. Owens (At large; South Orange, filling the vacant seat after the resignation of Donald Payne, Jr.)[69] Rolando Bobadilla (District 1 - Newark's North and East Wards, parts of Central and West Wards; Newark)[70], D. Bilal Beasley (District 2 - Irvington, Maplewood and Newark's South Ward and parts of West Ward; Irvington)[71], Carol Y. Clark (District 3 - East Orange, Newark's West and Central Wards, Orange and South Orange; East Orange)[72] and Leonard M. Luciano (District 4 - Caldwell, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells, Fairfield, Livingston, Millburn, North Caldwell, Roseland, Verona, West Caldwell and West Orange; West Caldwell),[73] and Brendan W. Gill (District 5 - Belleville, Bloomfield, Glen Ridge, Montclair and Nutley; Montclair).[74][75][76] Constitutional elected countywide are County Clerk Christopher J. Durkin (West Caldwell, 2015),[77] Sheriff Armando B. Fontoura (2015)[78] and Surrogate Theodore N. Stephens, II (2016).[79][64][80]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 16,399 registered voters in Maplewood, of which 9,306 (56.7%) were registered as Democrats, 1,439 (8.8%) were registered as Republicans and 5,645 (34.4%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 9 voters registered to other parties.[81]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 81.9% of the vote here (10,649 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 16.6% (2,156 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (90 votes), among the 13,003 ballots cast by the township's 16,523 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.7%.[82] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 76.3% of the vote here (9,113 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 22.7% (2,709 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (90 votes), among the 11,943 ballots cast by the township's 15,289 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 78.1.[83]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 72.2% of the vote here (5,871 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 20.3% (1,650 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 6.2% (507 votes) and other candidates with 0.8% (65 votes), among the 8,135 ballots cast by the township's 16,202 registered voters, yielding a 50.2% turnout.[84]

Community[edit]

Maplewood Village

Maplewood prides itself on being a diverse and family-friendly community. The township has a downtown area alternatively known as "the village" or "Maplewood Center" with a movie theater, several upscale and mid-scale restaurants, a small supermarket, independent café, two liquor stores, a toy store and a small bookstore. The structure of the village is largely unchanged since the 1950s.

Education[edit]

Maplewood Middle School

Maplewood schools are part of the unified South Orange-Maplewood School District, together with the neighboring community of South Orange. The district has a single high school, located in Maplewood, two middle schools and several elementary schools in each municipality. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's nine schools had an enrollment of 6,515 students and 527.3 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.36:1.[85] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 school enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[86]) are six elementary schools serving grades K-5 — Seth Boyden Elementary Demonstration Schooll[87] (grades K-5, 514 students), Clinton Elementary School[88] (K-5, 500), Jefferson Elementary School[89] (3–5, 503), Marshall Elementary School[90] (K-2, 482), South Mountain Elementary School[91] (K-5, 623) and Tuscan Elementary School[92] (K-5, 609) — Maplewood Middle School[93] (753) and South Orange Middle School[94] (673) for grades 6–8 and Columbia High School[95] (1,858 students) for grades 9–12.[96][97]

Public Library

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of 2010, the township had a total of 59.06 miles (95.05 km) of roadways, of which 54.56 miles (87.81 km) were maintained by the municipality, 4.47 miles (7.19 km) by Essex County and 0.03 miles (0.048 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[98]

There are approximately 226 streets within Maplewood. Springfield Avenue is a state highway (Route 124, from Irvington to Morristown), and four thoroughfares are Essex County roads (Valley Street, Millburn Avenue, Irvington Avenue, Wyoming Avenue).

Public transportation[edit]

New Jersey Transit provides passenger rail service to Maplewood station[99] on the Morristown Line and Gladstone Branch to Newark Broad Street Station, Secaucus Junction and New York Penn Station, with connecting service to Hoboken Terminal.[100][101]

NJ Transit bus service to Newark on the 25, 37 and 70, and to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 107 route.[102] Coach USA provides bus service on its 31 route.[103] The town itself operates the rush-hour Maplewood Jitney service to and from the train station.[104][105]

Entertainment and performing arts[edit]

Performance venues[edit]

The township owns and operates the Burgdorff Center for the Performing Arts at 10 Durand Road. The Center, a former Christian Science Church, was donated to the town by Jean Burgdorff, a local real estate entrepreneur.[106] The building was transferred to the town on October 15, 1988.[107] In 2008, the township committed to a $130,000 plan to improve the building.[108]

Maplewoodstock[edit]

Every year, during the weekend following the weekend closest to July 4, there is a concert in town called Maplewoodstock. The free concert consists of local and national bands performing alongside various stalls showcasing local businesses.[109]

Popular culture[edit]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Maplewood include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ Administration, Maplewood Township. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  5. ^ Clerk, Maplewood Township. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 103.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Maplewood, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 7, 2013.
  8. ^ 2010 Census: Essex County, Asbury Park Press. Accessed June 14, 2011.
  9. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Maplewood township, Essex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  10. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011–2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 12. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  11. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Maplewood township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  12. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013 - 2013 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 16, 2014.
  13. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 5, 2013.
  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP code for Maplewood, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  15. ^ ZIP codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed September 22, 2013.
  16. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Maplewood, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed September 22, 2013.
  17. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  18. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  19. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  20. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  21. ^ a b c d Branch, Frederick; Kuras, Jean; and Sceurman, Mark. Bloomfield, p. 7. Arcadia Publishing, 2001. ISBN 9780738505046. Accessed August 5, 2013.
  22. ^ Maplewood, Maplewood Historic Preservation commission. Accessed September 22, 2013.
  23. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606–1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 128 re Maplewood, p. 132 re South Orange Township. Accessed July 29, 2012.
  24. ^ "Average Weather for Maplewood, New Jersey – Temperature and Precipitation". Weather.com. Retrieved March 28, 2008. 
  25. ^ [ Maplewood memorial park], Maplewood Historic Preservation Commission, December 2009. Accessed August 5, 2013.
  26. ^ "Maplewood Theater Stirs Memories", The New York Times, October 2, 1988. Accessed September 22, 2013. "The Maplewood was, at that time, in the very capable hands of Cheryl Crawford, a theater-wise executive from Manhattan who had been one of the founders of the illustrious Group Theater.... Miss Crawford topped it all off with a revival of Porgy and Bess that went into the Ziegfeld Theater in New York for a long run."
  27. ^ Lackey, David. "Maplewood Receives Eight Proposals to Develop Post Office Site", TAPintoSOMA, September 12, 2013. Accessed October 25, 2014. "The township has received eight proposals for the redevelopment of the Post Office site on Maplewood Avenue, according to Township Administrator Joseph Manning."
  28. ^ Lackey, David. "Maplewood Residents Request Input in Post Office Planning", TAPintoSOMA, September 18, 2013. Accessed October 25, 2014. "Local residents took to the podium at Tuesday night’s Township Committee meeting to ask that the public be included in the process of choosing a developer to design and build the new project on the Maplewood Post Office site."
  29. ^ http://www.twp.maplewood.nj.us/faq.aspx?TID=31 Post Office RFQ - Questions and Answers ], Maplewood Township. Accessed October 25, 2014.
  30. ^ Lackey, David. "Maplewood Asks Three Developers to Submit Full Post Office Site Proposals", TAPintoSOMA, October 18, 2013. Accessed October 25, 2014. "The Township Committee's Economic Development Committee has selected three finalists out the eight applicants to submit plans for the redevelopment of the post office site."
  31. ^ http://www.baristanet.com/2011/01/memorial-park-city-zoning-decision-tonight/
  32. ^ http://www.twp.maplewood.nj.us/documentcenter/Home/View/422
  33. ^ http://www.preservationnj.org/site/ExpEng/index.php?/ten_most_12/archive_by_city_detail/2009/Maplewood_Police_Headquarters
  34. ^ About Us, Save Memorial Park! Accessed April 11, 2011.
  35. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2013, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 23, 2014.
  36. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726–1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed July 15, 2013.
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