María Luisa Bombal
María Luisa Bombal Anthes (Viña del Mar, 8 June 1910 – 6 May 1980) was a Chilean author. Daughter of Martín Bombal Videla and Blanca Anthes Precht. Her work is now highly regarded, incorporating themes of eroticism, surrealism and feminism, and she ranks among a small number of Latin American female authors whose works received worldwide acclaim.
Following the death of her father, Martín Bombal Videla, in 1922, the twelve-year-old María Luisa was sent to Paris, where she studied at the college Sainte Geneviève. At the institute for literature at the University of Paris she studied literature and philosophy until her return to South America. She had also attended the Lycée La Bruyère and the Sorbonne at the University of Paris.
After her return, she married Elogio Sánchez, who did not share her interest in literature. During their marriage, Bombal began to suffer from depression, and shot her husband after a failed suicide attempt, although he survived. With the help of friends, María Bombal fled the country to Argentina, where in 1933 she met Jorge Luis Borges and Pablo Neruda in Buenos Aires. In 1940, she and her third husband emigrated to the USA, where she lived until 1971, when she returned to South America; living first in Argentina and then in Viña del Mar, Chile. There, 18 September 1976, Bombal again met Jorge Luis Borges. She remained in Chile until her death in 1980.
Bombal's works include:
- La última niebla/The Final Mist (1935)
- La amortajada/The Shrouded Woman (1938)
- El árbol/The Tree (1939)
- Islas nuevas/New Islands (1939)
- Mar, cielo y tierra/Sea, Sky and Earth (1940)
- La historia de María Griselda/The Story of María Griselda (1946)
- La maja y el ruiseñor/The Maiden and the Nightingale (1960)
- Echevarría, Roberto González (ed.) (1997). The Oxford book of Latin American short stories. New York, NY; Oxford: Oxford Univ. Pr. p. 233. ISBN 0195095901.
- Amoia, Alba (ed.); Knapp, Bettina L. (ed.) (2002). Multicultural writers from antiquity to 1945 a bio-bibliographical sourcebook. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press. pp. 34–37. ISBN 0313016488.
- Gazmuri, Cristián. Historia de Chile 1891-1994 : política, economía, sociedad, cultura, vida privada, episodios (1. ed.). Santiago: RIL editores. p. 214. ISBN 9789562849043.
- Tompkins, Cynthia Margarita (ed.) (2001). Notable twentieth century Latin American women : a biographical dictionary (1. publ. ed.). Westport, Conn. [u.a.]: Greenwood Press. pp. 43–47. ISBN 0313311129.
- Smith, Verity (ed.) (1997). Encyclopedia of Latin American literature (1. publ. ed.). London [u.a.]: Fitzroy Dearborn. p. 132. ISBN 1884964184.