|Born||Maria Victoria Casares Quiroga y Pérez
November 21, 1922
Corunna, Galicia, Spain
|Died||November 22, 1996
La Vergne, Charente-Maritime, Poitou-Charentes, France
María Casares (21 November 1922 – 22 November 1996) was a Spanish actress and one of the most distinguished stars of the French stage. She was usually credited in France as Maria Casarès.
Early life 
Casares was born María Victoria Casares Quiroga y Pérez in A Coruña, Galicia, the daughter of Santiago Casares Quiroga, a minister in Manuel Azaña's government and Prime Minister of Spain and of Gloria Pérez. At the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War (1936), the family was forced to flee. The father went to London, the mother and daughter sought refuge in Paris.
There, María attended the Lycée Victor Duruy then, after her graduation, she took speech classes with René Simon. She enrolled in the Paris Conservatoire, where she won the First Prize for tragedy and Second Prize for comedy.
In July 1942, she auditioned for Marcel Herrand who engaged her for his Théâtre des Mathurins. There, over the course of the next three years, she appeared in several plays including Deirdre of the Sorrows by J. M. Synge, The Master Builder by Ibsen, Le Malentendu (The Misunderstanding) by Albert Camus (with whom she had an affair), and an especially important premiere, Fédérico, after Prosper Mérimée, with Gérard Philipe.
In the meantime, she began to appear in films. Her first film role was in Marcel Carné's Les Enfants du paradis (1945), one of the great classics of French cinema. She also made Les dames du Bois de Boulogne (1945) for Robert Bresson, La Chartreuse de Parme (The Charterhouse of Parma) (1948) for Christian-Jaque, co-starring Gérard Philipe. For Cocteau, she played Death in his Orphée (1950) with Jean Marais and François Périer and in his Testament d'Orphée (Testament of Orpheus) (1959).
Stage success 
From 1952 onwards, although she continued to appear in occasional films, she devoted herself mainly to the stage. She joined the Festival d'Avignon, the Comédie-Française and the Théâtre National Populaire under the leadership of Jean Vilar. Before her, no one actor or actress of foreign origin had ever played at Comédie-Française. She toured extensively throughout the world, appearing in the great classics of French theatre, including, in 1958, Corneille's Le Cid, Victor Hugo's Marie Tudor and Marivaux' Le Triomphe de l'Amour (The Triumph of Love) on Broadway.
Personal life and death 
She took up French nationality in 1975. She published her autobiography, Résidente privilégiée (Privileged Resident) in 1980.
She died at her country house, the chateau de La Vergne, in the small village of Alloue in Poitou-Charentes. When she died, she left the house to the village. Today, the domaine de la Vergne is a residence for artists and a setting for performances.
- Someone Else's America (1995) Alonso's Mother
- Les Chevaliers de la table ronde (1990) Viviane
- Monte bajo (1989)
- The Reader (1988) General's Widow
- Blood and Sand (1987) Dolores
- Blanche et Marie (1985) Louise
- Flavia, la monaca musulmana (1974) Sister Agatha
- Hieronymus Bosch (1963) (voice)
- Testament of Orpheus (1960) The Princess
- Le Jardins du Seigneur (1954) (voice)
- Ombre et lumière (1951) Caroline Bessier
- Orphée (1950) The Princess
- Guernica (1950) (voice)
- L'Homme qui revient de loin (1949)
- Bagarres (1948) Carmelle
- La Chartreuse de Parme (1948) La duchesse Gina de San Severina
- La Septième porte (1948)
- L'Amour autour de la maison (1947) Thérèse
- La Revanche de Roger la Honte (1946) Julia de Terrenoire
- Roger la Honte (1946) Julia de Noirville
- Les Dames du Bois de Boulogne (1945) Hélène
- Les Enfants du paradis (1945) Nathalie
- Les Nuits révolutionnaires (1989) La Murène
- Les Bonnes (1985) Madame
- Peer Gynt (1981) Ase
- Irène et sa folie (1980) Le docteur Burns
- Britannicus (1977) Agrippine
- L'Île des chèvres (1975) Agata
- La Reine verte (1964)
- Yerma (1963) Yerma
- Macbeth (1959) Lady Macbeth
- Énigmes de l'histoire (1956)
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (April 2009)|
- Résidente privilégiée by Maria Casarès, Fayard, 1980 ISBN 2-213-00779-9
- Maria Casarès : L'étrangère by Javier Figuero & Marie-Hélène Carbonel, Fayard, 2005
- María Casares at the Internet Movie Database
- María Casares at AllRovi
- María Casares at Yahoo! Movies