Fátima Báñez

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This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Báñez and the second or maternal family name is García.
María Fátima Báñez García
Fátima Báñez (2011).jpg
Minister of Employment and Social Security
Assumed office
22 December 2011
Personal details
Nationality Spain

María Fátima Báñez García (born in San Juan del Puerto, Huelva, Spain, on 6 January 1967), better known as Fátima Báñez, is a Spanish politician, economist and jurist. Since December 2011, she has been the Minister of Employment and Social Security.


She was a member of the Spanish Parliament during the seventh, the eighth, the ninth and the tenth terms. Degree in Law and in Economics and Business Studies from the Comillas Pontifical University (ICADE). Councillor of the Andalusia Radio and Television (1997-2000).

Professional Activity[edit]

  • Board member of the Economy and Finance Commission
  • Spokeswoman for the Committee on Budgets.
  • Board member of the Industry, Tourism and Trade Commission
  • Board member of the Spanish delegation of the Group of Friendship with the The House of Representatives of Japan.
  • Presidency coordinator of the People´s Party in Andalusia.

Ministry of Employment and Social Security[edit]

On 22 December 2011, Mariano Rajoy appointed her Minister of Employment and Social Security, replacing Valeriano Gómez[1] Unemployment is the most serious problem for Spaniards according to the Spanish Center for Sociological Research. The number of unemployed in Spain stood at 5,273,600; the number of households in which all their active members are unemployed was set at 1,575,000; the unemployment rate was 22.85%, doubling the average EU rate; the youth unemployment rate was closer to 50%; 1.2 million jobs had been destroyed since the fourth quarter of 2007; the percentage of the work force regarded as temporary workers had a rate of 25%, one of the highest in the EU.[2] On Friday 10 February 2012, she launched the first labour reform of the PP government. This measure gained the support of the European Commission,[3] the Bank of Spain[4] and the OCDE,[5] but it couldn't get the approval of the trade unions. Although Báñez was open to dialogue, she confirmed that the basic lines of the reform would remain unchanged.[6] The most criticized point was that of making dismissal less costly, because the compensation for unfair dismissal for indefinite duration contracts was reduced from 45 to 33 days per year worked, while the compensation in the case of objective dismissals, was set at 20 days per year worked.[7] The mobilizations against labor reform culminate on 29 March 2012, with the first general strike during the whole period of the governance of Mariano Rajoy.[8]

On 24 January 2013, thirteen months into her post of Minister of Employment and Social Security, the number of unemployed in Spain stands at 5,965,400 and the unemployment rate is 26.02%.[9]

On 25 April 2013, according to the EPA (Spanish Labour Force Survey), the number of unemployed workers in Spain was 6,202,700 and the unemployment rate was 27.16% of the employable population.[10]




  1. ^ "Aguirre dimite como presidenta del Gobierno de la Comunidad de Madrid". ABC. November 22, 2011. Retrieved January 2, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Datos de la Encuesta de Población Activa del cuarto trimestre de 2004.". Retrieved January 2, 2013. 
  3. ^ "La Comisión Europea celebra la reforma laboral". Cinco días. Retrieved February 2, 2013. 
  4. ^ "El Banco de España aprueba la reforma laboral y pide flexibilidad para que no suba el paro en 2012". RTVE. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  5. ^ "La OCDE aplaude la reforma laboral porque agilizará los ajustes de plantilla". El Mundo. Retrieved February 2, 2013. 
  6. ^ ("Fátima Báñez dice que el Gobierno no cambiará el grueso de la reforma laboral". ABC. Retrieved February 2, 2013. 
  7. ^ http://economia.elpais.com/economia/2012/02/10/actualidad/1328911729_685382.html Indemnización por despido. El País. Retrieved February 2, 2013))
  8. ^ http://www.20minutos.es/noticia/1333942/0/huelga-general/cronologia/sindicatos. Huelga general contra reforma laboral. 20 minutos. Retrieved February 1, 2013
  9. ^ "El paro roza los 6000000". El Mundo. Retrieved February 2, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Más de seis millones de parados". El País. Retrieved April 28, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Evolución del paro en España". FeelMadrid Guía de Madrid. Retrieved February 2, 2013. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Ángel Gabilondo
Minister of Employment and Social Security
Succeeded by