María Josepha Sophia de Iturbide

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María Josepha de Iturbide
María Josefa de Iturbide y Mikos.jpg
Reign 3 March 1925 – November 1949
Predecessor Prince Agustín
Successor Prince Maximilian
Spouse Johann Tunkl von Aschbrunn und Hohenstadt
Charles de Carriere
Issue Maria Anna
Maria Gizela
Father Prince Salvador of Iturbide
Mother Gizella María Terezia
Born (1872-02-29)29 February 1872
Mikosdpuszta, Austria–Hungary
Died November 1949 (aged 77)
Deva, Romania

María Josepha Sophia de Iturbide, Princess Imperial of Mexico (29 February 1872 – November 1949) was the head of the Imperial House of Mexico from 1925 to 1949.

Biography[edit]

Maria Josepha was born in Mikosdpuszta castle, Austria-Hungary, the daughter of Prince Salvador de Itúrbide y de Marzán and Baroness Gizella Mikos de Tarrodháza. Her father was the grandson of Emperor Agustín de Iturbide and an adopted son of Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico and his consort, Charlotte of Belgium.

In 1881, the Itúrbide family left Hungary and moved to Venice. Maria Josepha spent her teenage years in this city. After her father's death in 1895, her mother married secondly Count Emil von Jenison-Walworth in 1900.[1]

Maria Josepha was married to Baron Johann Tunkl von Aschbrunn und Hohenstadt (12 July 1872 – 10 May 1915) in Beszterce on 12 March 1908. Following his death in 1915, she married Charles de Carriere (24 November 1875 – November 1949) on 14 April 1923 in Bistriţa.

Following the death of her childless uncle Agustín de Itúrbide y Green in 1925, Maria Josepha inherited the Iturbide and Habsburg claims to the throne of Mexico but she played no political role.[2]

Despite her very advanced age, she and her second husband, Charles de Carriere, were interned in 1948 by the Romanian Communist government as class enemies of the people.[2] They died under suspicious circumstances shortly after their internment in Deva in November 1949. In accordance with her will and her daughters' wishes, the claim to the throne passed to her only grandson Count Maximiliano Gustav Albrecht Richard Agustin von Goetzen Iturbide.[2]

Family[edit]

Maria Josepha had two daughters from her first marriage:

  • Baroness Maria Anna (1909-1962) (childless) 'Titular Empress of Mexico' as Maria II (1949-1962)
  • Baroness Maria Gizela (1912–1999) 'Titular Empress of Mexico' as Maria III (1962-1999)

Baroness Maria Gizela had a son Count Maximiliano von Götzen-Iturbide who the actually 'Titular Emperor of Mexico' as Maximiliano II.

Her second marriage, to Charles de Carriere, was childless. Her daughter, Baroness Maria Gizela, was the mother of the current heir to the titles of Maria Josepha.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

María Josepha Sophia de Iturbide
Cadet branch of the House of Iturbide
Born: 12 July 1872 Died: November 1949
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Agustín III
— TITULAR —
Empress of Mexico
March 3, 1925 – November 1949
Reason for succession failure:
Empire abolished in 1867
Succeeded by
Maria II