María de Molina
||This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in the Spanish Wikipedia. (June 2012)|
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (November 2006)|
|María de Molina|
|Predecessor||Blanca Alfonso of Molina|
|Successor||Alfonso XI of Castile|
|Spouse||Sancho IV of Castile|
|Isabella, Queen of Aragon
Ferdinand IV of Castile
Beatrice, Queen of Portugal
|María Alfonso de Meneses|
|House||House of Burgundy|
|Father||Alfonso of Molina|
|Mother||Mayor Alonso de Meneses|
|Died||1 July 1321
|Burial||Santa María la Real de las Huelgas (Valladolid)|
María de Molina was an infanta (princess) from the Kingdom of León. She was the daughter of the infante Alfonso of Molina and Mayor Alonso de Meneses. Her paternal grandparents were King Alfonso IX of León and Queen Berengaria of Castile.
She married her cousin Sancho of Castile in 1281, the second son of Alfonso X the Learned, although the matrimonial dispensation for kinship was not previously granted.
Upon the death of Alfonso X, she became queen consort after her husband was crowned king of Castile and León as Sancho IV. His reign was short since he died in 1295.
After the death of Sancho IV, his eldest son Ferdinand IV, under age, was crowned with Maria de Molina as regent queen. Shortly after a series of quarrels broke out in Castile and León. The legitimacy of Ferdinand IV was questioned by his ambitious uncles, the infantes John and Henry, and by his cousins the infantes de la Cerda, sons of the infante Alfonso, eldest son of Alfonso X on the grounds of the lack of matrimonial dispensation. The objection was supported by King James II of Aragon and King Denis of Portugal, whose army invaded Castile in 1296.
The political skill, boldness and perseverance of María de Molina succeeded in turning her adversaries against each other. The invasion from Aragon and Portugal was defeated and the rights of Ferdinand IV were established. Besides, in 1301, a papal bull declared the marriage between Sancho IV and María de Molina valid.
After Ferdinand IV coming of age, María de Molina delivered the regency to him and abandoned politics. However, she had to endure the annoyances and disregards from her son who did not deserve nor was grateful to María's saving of his throne.
María de Molina died in Valladolid in 1321.
- Isabella of Castile (1283–1328). Married first James II of Aragon and secondly John III, Duke of Brittany.
- Ferdinand IV (1285–1312).
- Alfonso (1286–1291)
- Henry (1288–1299)
- Peter (1290–1319). Married Maria of Aragon, daughter of James II of Aragon.
- Philip (1292–1327). Married his cousin Margarita de la Cerda, daughter of Ferdinand de la Cerda, Infante of Castile.
- Beatrice of Castile (1293–1359). Married Afonso IV of Portugal.
|Ancestors of María de Molina|
Violant of Aragon
|Queen consort of Castile and León
Title next held byConstance of Portugal
Blanca Alfonso of Molina
|Lady of Molina
Alfonso XI of Castile