Mar'i Pasha al-Mallah

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Mar'i Pasha al-Mallah
Born 1856
Aleppo, Syria
Died Aleppo, Syria
1930
Occupation Politician

Mar'i Pasha al-Mallah (Arabic: مرعي باشا الملاح‎ / ALA-LC: Mar‘ī Bāshā al-Mallāḥ; 1856–1930) was a Syrian political leader and statesman.

Life[edit]

Al-Mallah was born in Aleppo. He graduated from the Galatasaray Mekteb-i Sultanisi (Galatasaray Imperial School) in Constantinople, in 1876.[1]

Al-Mallah held major positions in Aleppo under the Ottoman (Turks), including:

  • President of the Mixed Commercial Court (1885–1897);
  • Mayor of Aleppo (1899–1900);
  • District Attorney (1905–1906);
  • Chairman of the Agro-Bank (1906–1907);
  • Director of Endowments (1909–1911).

And he was Privy to Sultan Abdulhamid II.[2]

He represented Aleppo in the Ottoman Parliament of 1908, and served as the last Ottoman Interim Governor of the Province of Aleppo.[3] Following the Ottoman collapse, al-Mallah contributed to the foundation of the first modern Arab state in Syria under King Faysal I, and was elected Deputy Speaker of the Syrian National Congress (1919–1920).[4] Finally, he was named Governor General of the State of Aleppo (1924–1926) under the French Mandate of Syria .[5]

Mar'i Pasha al-Mallah, Governor General of the State of Aleppo, 1924

Al-Mallah acquired the rank of Beylerbey, which corresponds to the rank of "Lieutenant General," from Sultan Abdulhamid II and was awarded several Ottoman, French and Syrian decorations.

Al-Mallah was a man of liberal views, open to western ideas and thought, proficient in Turkish, Persian, Arminian and French. He particularly loved photography, and used to keep massive albums featuring Ottoman and European royalty, politicians, writers and musicians. He was also noted for his collection of rare and antiquarian books and manuscripts, which he made available to scholars and researchers by dedicating them to the "Islamic Endowments Library of Aleppo," and the "Library of the Arab Academy" in Damascus.

Al-Mallah was described by a fellow historian Sheikh Kamil al-Ghazzi as "the leading notable of Aleppo". Moreover, his biography appeared in a number of books, and was also cited in a dozens of historical works on Aleppo and modern Syria written by noted Arab and western scholars. His name also appeared in the memoirs of Syrian politicians as well as the accounts of Arab and western travelers, including the late Crown Prince Mohammed Ali Tewfik of Egypt, who visited Syria before the outbreak of World War I, and the memoirs of Lady Gertrude Bell.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Itri, Abd al-Ghani, Hadeeth al-Abqariyyat, 119.
  2. ^ Salname: vilayet halab (Yearbook. Aleppo Province). 1303/ 1885-86, page 119; 1314/ 1896-97, page 126; 1317/ 1899-1900, page 357; 1323/ 1905-06, page 159-160; 1324/ 1906-07, page 146.
  3. ^ Gazel, Ahmet Ali: Osmanlı Meclis-i Mebusanı'nda parlamenter denetim, 1908-1920, page 124, 219. Çizgi Kitabevi, 2007.
  4. ^ Russel, Malcolm B.: The First Modern Arab State: Syria under Faysal, 1918-1920, page 148. Bibliotheca Islamica, Minneapolis, 1985.
  5. ^ Recueil des Actes Administratifs du Haut-Commissariat de la République Française en Syrie et au Liban. Beirut, 1921-1939.

Works cited[edit]

  • Malcolm B. Russel, The First Modern Arab State: Syria under Faysal, 1918–1920, Bibliotheca Islamica, Minneapolis, 1985, p. 148.
  • Eliezer Tauber, The Formation of Modern Syria and Iraq, Frank Cass, 1995, pp. 226–228.
  • Sabine Prätor, Der arabische Faktor in der jungtürkischen Politik: Eine Studie zum osmanischen Parlament der II. Konstitution (1908–1918), (Berlin: Klaus Schwarz Verlag, 1993), p. 238, 266.
  • Ahmet Ali Gazel, Osmanlı Meclis-i Mebusanı'nda parlamenter denetim, 1908–1920, Çizgi Kitabevi, 2007, p. 124, 219.