Mar-biti-ahhe-iddina

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Mār-bῑti-aḫḫē-idinna
King of Babylon
Reign ca. 942 – ? BC
Predecessor Ninurta-kudurrῑ-uṣur II
Successor Šamaš-mudammiq
House Dynasty of E
(mixed dynasties)

Mār-bῑti-aḫḫē-idinna, mdMār-bῑti-áḫḫē-idinna (mdDUMU-E-PAP-AŠ),[i 1] meaning Mār-bῑti (a Babylonian god with a sanctuary at Borsippa) has given me brothers,[1] became king of Babylonia in 942 BC, succeeding his brother, Ninurta-kudurrῑ-uṣur II, and was the 3rd king of the Dynasty of E to sit on the throne. He is known only from king lists, a brief mention in a chronicle and as a witness on a kudurru from his father, Nabû-mukin-apli's reign.

Biography[edit]

He was first recorded as a witness to a title deed inscribed on a kudurru[i 2] after his (presumably) older brothers, Ninurta-kudurrῑ-uṣur, who was to become his immediate predecessor on the throne, and Rīmūt-ilī, the temple administrator.[1] The Eclectic Chronicle[i 3] refers laconically to “the Nth year of Mār-bῑti-aḫḫē-idinna” but the context is lost.[2] The Synchronistic King List[i 4] records him as the third in a series of kings of Babylon who were contemporary with the Assyrian king, Tukultī-apil-Ešarra II (ca. 967–935 BC), the son of Ashur-resh-ishi II and this is quite plausible based on the chronology.

Mār-bῑti-aḫḫē-idinna’s reign may have ended considerably earlier than 920 BC but it was the accession of Adad-nārārī I of Assyria around 912 BC that marks the resumption of records of their Babylonian counterparts, with his apparent successor Šamaš-mudammiq, no evidence of their filiation or of any intervening rulers being known.[3]

Inscriptions[edit]

  1. ^ Synchronistic King List Fragments (KAV 10) ii 5 and (KAV 182) iii 8.
  2. ^ Kudurru BM 90835, BBSt LXVII.
  3. ^ Eclectic Chronicle (ABC 24), BM 27859: r 1.
  4. ^ Synchronistic King List, Ass. 14616c, iii 11.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b J. A. Brinkman (1968). A political history of post-Kassite Babylonia, 1158-722 B.C. Analecta Orientalia. p. 175. 
  2. ^ A. K. Grayson (1975). Assyrian and Babylonian chronicles. J. J. Augustin. p. 224. 
  3. ^ J. A. Brinkman (1982). "Babylonia, c. 1000 – 748 BC". In J. Boardman, I. E. S. Edwards, N. G. L. Hammond, E. Sollberger. The Cambridge Ancient History, Part 1, Volume III. p. 295.