Mara language

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Not to be confused with Mara language (Australia) .
Mara (Lakher)
Pronunciation [m̥ara]
Native to Mizoram, India; Burma
Ethnicity Mara people
Native speakers
ca. 55,000  (1994–2001)[1]
Tlosaih (lingua franca)
Official status
Recognised minority
language in
Language codes
ISO 639-3 mrh
Glottolog mara1382[2]

Mara is a language spoken by Mara people living in South Mizoram, India and the adjacent people living in Burma.

The Mara language belongs to the Kukish branch of the Tibeto-Burman family of languages. The speakers of the language are also known as Mara.

Mara is a recognised language in the School curriculum of Mara Autonomous District Council (MADC). Mara is a compulsory subject for all schools up to Class VII (Middle School) under Board of School Education, MADC.


  • Population: 47,000 in India (2007), 37,000 in Burma (2007).
  • Region: Lushai Hills (India), Chin Hills (Burma)
  • Alternate names: Lakher, Mara, Maram, Mira, Zao, Shendu
  • Dialects: Tlôsaih, Chapi, Zyhno, Hawthai,lôchei, Saby, Lialai, Vytu, etc.



The plural form of a noun is formed by affixing one of the following terms to the end of the noun:

  • zy(zeu)
  • zydua(zeu-dua)
  • naw
  • sahlao(sha-hlawh)

Words inside bracket were how a foreign author N.E. Parry (1937) wrote according to his understanding of the sound. But now the Maras have their own alphabet and the correct usages are put up there.


Adjectives are placed before the word they qualify. e.g., A good man) When an adjective is used to complete the predicate of a sentence, a pronominal particle agreeing with the subject is placed before the adjective.



  • 1st person-keima or kei I
  • 2nd person-nama or na You
  • 3rd person-ano or a or ama' He,She,It


  • 1st person-eima We
  • 2nd person-namo, nama You
  • 3rd person-amo They

Possessive Pronouns

  • Singular
  • Keima, ei - my.
  • keima ha, kei ei - mine.
  • Nama, na - Thy(You)
  • Nama ha, na ei - Thine(Yours)
  • Ama, Ana - Him, Her, It.
  • Ama ei, a ei - His, Hers, Its.


  • Keimo - Our.
  • Keimo ei, Keimo ha - Ours.
  • Namo - Your.
  • Namo ei, namo ha - Yours.
  • Amo, a-mei - Their.
  • Amo ei, amo ha - Theirs.

The demonstrative pronouns are the same as the double forms of the demonstrative adjectives. There are many indefinite pronouns, e.g.:-

  • Khapamatavei - Nothing.
  • Khaparai - Anything.
  • Ato - Everything.
  • Khapaleipa - Something.
  • Khapama - Something or other.
  • Aheumatavei - Nobody.
  • Aheurai/ ahyrai - Any one.
  • Aheu-tleuma - Some one, a certain one.
  • Atlapi - Some . . . others.
  • Ahrangpa - Another, others.
  • Ama Zyduata - All.


  1. ^ Mara at Ethnologue (17th ed., 2013)
  2. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Mara (Lakher)". Glottolog 2.2. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology. 

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