Uruguay v Brazil (1950 FIFA World Cup)

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"Maracanazo" redirects here. For the stadium, see Maracanã Stadium.
Maracanaço
Maracanã Stadium in Rio de Janeiro.jpg
The Maracanã Stadium, seen here in February 2009, hosted the match.
Event 1950 FIFA World Cup
Date 16 July 1950
Venue Estádio do Maracanã, Rio de Janeiro
Referee George Reader (England)
Attendance 173,850
1938
1954

Uruguay v Brazil was the decisive match of the final group stage at the 1950 FIFA World Cup. The match was played at the Estádio do Maracanã in the then-Brazilian capital of Rio de Janeiro on 16 July 1950. Unlike other World Cups, the 1950 winner was determined by a final group stage, with the final four teams playing in round-robin format, instead of a knockout stage. With Brazil one point ahead of Uruguay going into the match, Uruguay needed a win while Brazil needed only to avoid defeat to claim the title of world champions.

Brazil took the lead shortly after half-time through Friaça, but Juan Alberto Schiaffino equalised for Uruguay mid-way through the half before Alcides Ghiggia hit the winning goal with just 11 minutes remaining in the match. The result is considered to be one of the biggest upsets in football history,[1] and the term Maracanazo (Portuguese: Maracanaço, pronounced [maɾakɐˈnasu], roughly translated as "The Maracanã Blow", after the name of the stadium) first became synonymous with the match. It was the second (and to date, the last) final match featuring two South American countries (the first being the 1930 final between Uruguay and Argentina, which was also won by Uruguay).

Background[edit]

Positions before the final round
Team Pld W D L GF GA Pts
 Brazil 2 2 0 0 13 2 4
 Uruguay 2 1 1 0 5 4 3
 Spain 2 0 1 1 3 8 1
 Sweden 2 0 0 2 3 10 0

The road to the title in the 1950 World Cup was unique; instead of a knockout stage, the preliminary group stage was followed by another round-robin group. The final four teams were Brazil (host country and joint-top scorers from the group stage), Uruguay (who only had to play one match in their group, an 8–0 thrashing of Bolivia), Spain (who won all three of their group matches, against England, Chile and the United States), and Sweden (who qualified ahead of defending world champions, Italy, and Paraguay).

Brazil won both of their first two matches convincingly, beating Sweden 7–1 and Spain 6–1 to go top of the group with four points going into the final match. With three points, Uruguay were close behind in second place, although they had had to come back from 2–1 down to draw 2–2 with Spain, before beating Sweden 3–2, the winning goal coming just five minutes before the end of the game.

In the match between Sweden and Spain, Sweden needed a win to move ahead of Spain, and finish third in the World Cup. Spain would claim third place with a draw, or even a share of second with a victory, combined with a defeat for Uruguay, something not unlikely after Brazil had scored 13 goals in the two previous matches. The match between Brazil and Uruguay, on the other hand, would decide the title; a victory or a draw would grant Brazil the title, whereas Uruguay had to win the match in order to win the championship. The game is often listed as the 1950 World Cup Final, although strictly speaking this was not the case; it was merely the decisive match in the tournament.[2]

Anticipated celebration[edit]

The specialised press and the general public had already started claiming Brazil as the new world champions for days prior to the final match, and they had reasons to do so. Brazil had won their last two matches with a very attack-minded style of play against which all efforts had proved fruitless. Uruguay, however, had encountered difficulties in their matches with Spain and Sweden, managing only a draw against Spain and a narrow victory over Sweden. When those results were compared, it seemed that the Brazilians were set to defeat Uruguay as easily as they had dispensed with Spain and Sweden.

On the morning of 16 July 1950, the streets of Rio de Janeiro were bustling with activity. An improvised carnival was organised, with thousands of signs celebrating the world title, and chants of "Brazil must win!". This spirit never ceased, right up until the final minutes of the match, which filled the Maracanã stadium with a paid attendance of 173,830 and an actual attendance estimated to be over 200,000 (a record for a team sports match that remains to this day).[3]

How Uruguay prepared[edit]

The Brazilian newspaper O Mundo printed an early edition on the day of the final containing a photograph of Brazil with the caption "These are the world champions". Uruguay's captain, Obdulio Varela, bought as many copies as he could, laid them on his bathroom floor and encouraged his teammates to urinate on them.[4]

In Uruguay's locker room in the moments prior to the match, coach Juan López informed his team that their best chance of surviving the powerful offensive line of Brazil would come through adopting a defensive strategy. After he left, Varela stood up and addressed the team himself, saying "Juancito is a good man, but today, he is wrong. If we play defensively against Brazil, our fate will be no different from Spain or Sweden". Varela then delivered an emotional speech about how they must face all the odds and not be intimidated by the fans or the opposing team. The speech, as was later confirmed, played a huge part in the final outcome of the game. In response to his squad's underdog status, the captain delivered the memorable line, "Muchachos, los de afuera son de palo. Que empiece la función ". ("Boys, outsiders don't play. Let's start the show").

Match[edit]

Summary[edit]

The game began as form predicted, with Brazil attacking against the Uruguayan defensive line for the majority of the first half. Unlike Spain and Sweden, however, the Uruguayans managed to maintain their defence and the first half ended scoreless.

Brazil scored the first goal of the match only two minutes after the interval, with São Paulo forward Friaça shooting low past the goalkeeper. After the goal, Varela took the ball and disputed the validity of the goal to the referee, arguing that Friaça was offside. Varela drew out this argument, going so far as to demand that the referee listen to him through an interpreter.[5] By the time the conversation ended, the crowd had calmed down, then Varela took the ball to the center of the field, and shouted to his team, "Now, it's time to win!"[citation needed]

Uruguay managed to take control of the game. When faced with a capable Uruguayan attack, Brazil showed their defensive frailty, and Juan Alberto Schiaffino scored the equaliser in the 66th minute. Later, Alcides Ghiggia, running down the right side of the field, scored another goal, with only 11 minutes remaining on the clock. The crowd was virtually silent after the second Uruguay goal until English referee George Reader signalled the end of the match with Uruguay winning 2–1.

The 1950 FIFA World Cup is the only version of the tournament to be played with a round-robin final round, and as such is the only FIFA World Cup to date to not have a deciding knock-out final. As it was the last game of the tournament, and the result of the match directly determined the winner, the match has come to be commonly referred to as the final, including by FIFA itself.[6]

Details[edit]

16 July 1950
15:00 BRT (UTC-03)
Uruguay  2–1  Brazil
Schiaffino Goal 66'
Ghiggia Goal 79'
Report Friaça Goal 47'
Uruguay
Brazil
GK 1 Roque Máspoli
RB 2 Matías González
LB 3 Eusebio Tejera
RH 4 Schubert Gambetta
CH 5 Obdulio Varela (c)
LH 6 Víctor Rodríguez Andrade
OR 7 Alcides Ghiggia
IR 8 Julio Pérez
CF 9 Omar Óscar Míguez
IL 10 Juan Alberto Schiaffino
OL 11 Rubén Morán
Manager:
Juan López Fontana
GK 1 Moacir Barbosa
RB 2 Augusto (c)
LB 3 Juvenal
RH 4 José Carlos Bauer
CH 5 Danilo
LH 6 Bigode
OR 7 Friaça
IR 8 Zizinho
CF 9 Ademir
IL 10 Jair
OL 11 Chico
Manager:
Flávio Costa

Aftermath[edit]

Final positions
Team Pld W D L GF GA Pts
 Uruguay 3 2 1 0 7 5 5
 Brazil 3 2 0 1 14 4 4
 Sweden 3 1 0 2 6 11 2
 Spain 3 0 1 2 4 11 1

When the match ended, people said the stadium was filled with "disturbing and traumatic absolute silence",[8][9] except for the euphoria and celebration of the Uruguayan players and delegation.

In Brazil, many newspapers refused to accept the fact that they had been defeated; famous radio journalist Ary Barroso (briefly) retired, and some distraught fans even went so far as to commit suicide.[10][11] However, Brazil did later rebound and win back-to-back World Cups in 1958 and 1962. Unused squad members of the 1950 team, Nílton Santos and Carlos José Castilho, were also members of the victorious Brazil squads that were to come. Santos played in both finals whereas Castilho only played in the 1954 FIFA World Cup and in 2007 was posthumously awarded the 1958 and 1962 winning medals as a squad member.

Brazil's white shirts with blue collars that were worn in the final game were, in the wake of the defeat, criticised for being "unpatriotic", with pressure to change the colours.[according to whom?] In 1953, a competition was held by the newspaper Correio da Manhã to design a new outfit, with the rule being that it must incorporate the colours of the national flag. Eventually, the competition was won by Aldyr Garcia Schlee, a newspaper illustrator, who came up with the design of yellow shirt with green trim, blue shorts and white socks that was first used in March 1954 against Chile, and has been used ever since.[12] Ironically, when Brazil first won the World Cup in 1958, they wore their away kit as the new colours clashed with those of hosts Sweden.

"Phantom of '50"[edit]

The term "Phantom of '50" was later used to refer to the fear that Brazilians and Brazil national football team feel of the Uruguay national football team due to this loss. Each time Brazil and Uruguay play at Maracanã Stadium, the theme resurfaces.[13][14][15]

In 1993, after losing important games, Brazil was struggling to qualify for the 1994 FIFA World Cup. The final match of the qualifying South American group between Brazil and Uruguay was tense, surrounded by fear, as Brazil needed to win the game to qualify. Brazil beat Uruguay by 2–0, with two goals by Romário, who had been ignored in the tournament and was urgently called to "save" Brazil.[16]

The theme reappeared in the Brazilian press as Uruguay qualified for the 2014 FIFA World Cup.[17] Uruguay often emphasized the theme, giving the team motivation and encouragement in matches against Brazil.[18]

Brazil's 1-7 humiliation in the 2014 FIFA World Cup semi final at the hands of Germany was subsequently known as "Mineirazo", echoing the same sense of defeat as in 1950.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Football's 20 Greatest Upsets, Soccerphile
  2. ^ Alex Bellos (29 March 2004). "Fateful Final: 1950 World Cup in Rio de Janeiro’s Maracanã". Futebol: The Brazilian Way of Life. brazilmax.com. Retrieved 20 May 2010. 
  3. ^ "Sambafoot.com: Maracanã, the largest stadium of the world". sambafoot.com. Retrieved 20 June 2014. 
  4. ^ "Uruguay's 1950 World Cup triumph a testament to the spirit of garra". CNN. 4 July 2010. 
  5. ^ Hughes, Rob (12 June 2014). "In Brazil, It's Time For the World to Play". New York Times. Retrieved 20 June 2014. 
  6. ^ "FIFA World Cup™ Finals since 1930". FIFA. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "FIFA World Cup superlatives" (pdf). FIFA.com. Fédération Internationale de Football Association. p. 5. 
  8. ^ Silêncio no Maracanã - Revista de História
  9. ^ Jogos Eternos – Brasil 1×2 Uruguai 1950 | Imortais do Futebol
  10. ^ "Become an instant expert... on Brazilian football" - BBC.
  11. ^ "World Cup: 25 stunning moments: Uruguay's 1950 triumph v Brazil" - The Guardian.
  12. ^ Ben Smith (28 June 2014). "The story of Brazil's 'sacred' yellow and green jersey". BBC News. Retrieved 28 June 2014. 
  13. ^ Após classificação do Uruguai, ‘fantasma de 50’ já está no Brasil - Jornal O Globo
  14. ^ O fantasma de 50 já está no Brasil - Desporto - DN
  15. ^ Capitão, Lugano critica "Fantasma de 50" e cita ligações do Brasil - Terra Brasil
  16. ^ Romário: O jogo da minha vida. Brasil 2 x 0 Uruguai. Eliminatória da Copa – 1993 - Especiais - Estadao.com.br
  17. ^ Felipão ri de “fantasma de 50” e usa grupo jovem contra assombração | Gazeta Esportiva.Net
  18. ^ "Fantasma do Maracanazo" provoca brasileiros e posta foto de bumbuns - Terra Brasil

External links[edit]