Maradona with Al Wasl in 2012
|Full name||Diego Armando Maradona Franco|
|Date of birth||30 October 1960|
|Place of birth||Lanús, Buenos Aires, Argentina|
|Height||1.65 m (5 ft 5 in)|
|Playing position||Attacking Midfielder
|1993–1994||Newell's Old Boys||5||(0)|
|1994||Mandiyú de Corrientes|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (Goals).
Diego Armando Maradona Franco (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈdjeɣo maɾaˈðona], born 30 October 1960) is an Argentine football manager, coach and former player. Many experts, football critics, former players, current players and football fans consider Maradona as the best football player of all time. He was joint FIFA Player of the 20th Century with Pelé.
He is the only footballer to set world-record contract fees twice, firstly when transferring to Barcelona for a then world record £5m, and secondly, when transferred to Napoli for another record fee £6.9m. During his professional club career Maradona played for Argentinos Juniors, Boca Juniors, Barcelona, Napoli, Sevilla and Newell's Old Boys. At club level, he is most famous for his career in Napoli where he won numerous accolades. In his international career, playing for Argentina, he earned 91 caps and scored 34 goals.
He played in four FIFA World Cup tournaments, including the 1986 tournament, where he captained Argentina and led them to their victory over West Germany in the final, winning the Golden Ball award as the tournament's best player. In that same tournament's quarterfinal round, he scored both goals in a 2–1 victory over England that entered football history, though for two different reasons. The first goal was via an unpenalized handball known as the "Hand of God", while the second goal followed a 60 m (66 yd) dribble past five England players, voted "The Goal of the Century" by FIFA.com voters in 2002.
Maradona is considered one of the sport's most controversial and newsworthy figures. He was suspended from football for 15 months in 1991 after failing a drug test, for cocaine, in Italy, and he was sent home from the 1994 World Cup in the USA after testing positive for ephedrine. In 2005, he lost a considerable amount of extra weight and overcame his cocaine addiction. His outspoken manners have sometimes put him at odds with journalists and sport executives. Although he had little managerial experience, he became head coach of the Argentina national team in November 2008, and held the job for eighteen months, until his contract expired after the 2010 World Cup.
- 1 Early years
- 2 Club career
- 3 International career
- 4 Playing style
- 5 Retirement and honours
- 6 Managerial career
- 7 Personal life
- 8 In popular culture
- 9 Career statistics
- 10 Honours
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Diego Maradona was born on 30 October 1960, at the Policlínico (Polyclinic) Evita Hospital in Lanús, Buenos Aires Province, but raised in Villa Fiorito, a shantytown on the southern outskirts of Buenos Aires, Argentina, to a poor family that had moved from Corrientes Province. He was the first son after three daughters. He has two younger brothers, Hugo (el Turco) and Raúl (Lalo), both of whom were also professional football players. Maradona has Italian, and indigenous ancestry.
He was the fifth child and first son of Diego Maradona 'Chitoro' and Dalma Salvadora Franco 'Doña Tota' (1930–2011). Both his parents were illegitimate children; his father took the family name of his mother because his father did not recognise him as his own while his mother was only recognised by her father, Maradona's grandfather, Atanancio Ramón Edisto Franco when she was eighteen years old. They were both born and brought up in the town of Esquina in the north-east province of Corrientes Province, living only two hundred yards from each other on the banks of the Corriente River. In 1950, they left Esquina and settled in Buenos Aires. Maradona is a mestizo, a term traditionally used in Spain and Latin America for people of mixed Native American and European descent. Maradona is of Italian descent; his surname originates from Calabria, Italy.
At age 10, Maradona was spotted by a talent scout while he was playing in his neighborhood club Estrella Roja. He became a staple of Los Cebollitas (The Little Onions), the junior team of Buenos Aires's Argentinos Juniors. As a 12-year-old ball boy, he amused spectators by showing his wizardry with the ball during the halftime intermissions of first division games.
Argentinos Juniors and Boca Juniors
On 20 October 1976, Maradona made his professional debut with Argentinos Juniors, ten days before his sixteenth birthday. He played there between 1976 and 1981, scoring 115 goals in 167 appearances before his £1m transfer to Boca Juniors. Having joined the Boca squad midway through the 1981 season, Maradona played through 1982 earning his first league championship medal. Whilst playing for Argentinos Juniors, English club Sheffield United negotiated a fee of £600,000 for the 17-year old but then realised they could not afford it.
After the 1982 World Cup, in June, Maradona was transferred to FC Barcelona in Spain for a then world record fee of £5m ($7.6m). In 1983, under coach César Luis Menotti, Barcelona and Maradona won the Copa del Rey (Spain's annual national cup competition), beating Real Madrid, and the Spanish Super Cup, beating Athletic Bilbao. However, Maradona had a difficult tenure in Barcelona. First a bout with hepatitis, then a broken ankle caused by an ill-timed tackle by Athletic's Andoni Goikoetxea threatened with jeopardizing Maradona's career, but after treatment and therapy it was possible for him to soon be back on the pitch.
During his two injury-hit seasons at Barcelona, Maradona scored 38 goals in 58 games. At Barcelona, Maradona got into frequent disputes with the team's directors, especially club president Josep Lluís Núñez, culminating with a demand to be transferred out of Camp Nou in 1984. He was transferred to Napoli in Italy's Serie A for another world record fee, £6.9m ($10.48m).
At Napoli, Maradona reached the peak of his professional career. He quickly became an adored star among the club's fans, and in his time there he elevated the team to the most successful era in its history. Led by Maradona, Napoli won their only Serie A Italian Championships in 1986/87 and 1989/1990, placing second in the league twice, in 1987/88 and 1988/89. Other honors during the Maradona era at Napoli included the Coppa Italia in 1987, (second place in the Coppa Italia in 1989), the UEFA Cup in 1989 and the Italian Supercup in 1990. Maradona was the top scorer in Serie A in 1987/88.
During his time in Italy, Maradona's personal problems increased. His cocaine use continued, and he received US $70,000 in fines from his club for missing games and practices, ostensibly because of 'stress'. He faced a scandal there regarding an illegitimate son; and he was also the object of some suspicion over an alleged friendship with the Camorra.
Later on, in honor of Maradona and his achievements during his career at Napoli, the No. 10 jersey of Napoli was officially retired.
Sevilla, Newell's Old Boys and Boca Juniors
After serving a 15-month ban for failing a drug test for cocaine, Maradona left Napoli in disgrace in 1992. Despite interest from Real Madrid of Spain and Olympique Marseille of France, he signed for Sevilla of Spain, where he stayed for one year. In 1993 he played for Newell's Old Boys and in 1995 he returned to Boca Juniors for two years. Maradona also appeared for Tottenham Hotspur in a friendly match against Internazionale, shortly before the 1986 World Cup. The match was Osvaldo Ardiles' testimonial, who insisted his friend Maradona played, which Tottenham won 2–1. He played alongside Glenn Hoddle, who gave up his number ten shirt for the Argentine.
During his time with the Argentine national team, Maradona scored 34 goals in 91 appearances. He made his full international debut at age 16, against Hungary on 27 February 1977. At age 18, he played the World Youth Championship for Argentina, and was the star of the tournament, shining in their 3–1 final win over the Soviet Union. On 2 June 1979, Maradona scored his first senior international goal in a 3–1 win against Scotland at Hampden Park. He is the only player to win the Golden Ball at both the FIFA U-20 World Cup and FIFA World Cup, in 1979 and 1986.
1982 World Cup
Maradona played his first World Cup tournament in 1982. Argentina played Belgium in the opening game of the 1982 Cup in Barcelona. The Catalan crowd was eager to see their new world-record signing Diego Maradona in action, but he did not perform to expectations. Argentina, the defending champions, lost to Belgium 1–0. Although the team convincingly beat Hungary and El Salvador to progress to the second round, they were defeated in the second round by Brazil and by eventual winners Italy. The Italian match is renowned for Maradona being aggressively man-marked by Claudio Gentile, as Italy beat Argentina in Maradona's new home city of Barcelona. Maradona played in all five matches without being substituted, scoring twice against Hungary, but was sent off with 5 minutes remaining in the game against Brazil for serious foul play.
1986 World Cup
Maradona captained the Argentine national team to victory in the 1986 FIFA World Cup, winning the final in Mexico against West Germany. Throughout the 1986 World Cup Maradona asserted his dominance and was the most dynamic player of the tournament. He played every minute of every Argentina game, scored 5 goals and made 5 assists, three of those in the opening match against South Korea. His first goal of the tournament came against Italy in the second group game. After scoring two goals in the 2–1 quarter-final win against England his legend was cemented.
This match was played with the background of the Falklands War between Argentina and the United Kingdom. Replays showed that the first goal was scored by striking the ball with his hand. Maradona was coyly evasive, describing it as "a little with the head of Maradona and a little with the hand of God." It became known as the "Hand of God". Ultimately, on 22 August 2005 Maradona acknowledged on his television show that he had hit the ball with his hand purposely, and no contact with his head was made, and that he immediately knew the goal was illegitimate. This became known as an international fiasco in World Cup history. The goal stood, much to the wrath of the English players.
Maradona's second goal, just four minutes after the hotly disputed hand-goal, was later voted by FIFA as the greatest goal in the history of the World Cup. He received the ball in his own half, swivelled around, and with 11 touches ran more than half the length of the field, dribbling past five English outfield players (Peter Beardsley, Steve Hodge, Peter Reid, Terry Butcher, and Terry Fenwick) and goalkeeper Peter Shilton. This goal was voted "Goal of the Century" in a 2002 online poll conducted by FIFA.
Maradona followed this with two more goals in the semi-final against Belgium, including another virtuoso dribbling display for the second goal. In the final, the opposing West German side attempted to contain him by double-marking, but he nevertheless found the space to give the final pass to Jorge Burruchaga for the winning goal. Argentina beat West Germany 3–2 in front of 115,000 spectators at the Azteca Stadium.
During the course of the tournament, Maradona attempted or created more than half of Argentina's shots, embarked on 90 dribbles some three times more than any other player and was fouled 53 times winning his team twice as many free kicks as any player. Maradona scored or assisted 10 of Argentina's 14 goals including the assist for the winning goal in the final, ensuring that he would be remembered as one of the greatest names in football history.
By the end of the tournament, Maradona went on to winning the Golden Ball as the best player of the tournament by unanimous vote and was widely regarded to have won the World Cup virtually single-handedly. In a tribute to him, the Azteca Stadium authorities also built a statue of him scoring the "goal of the century" and placed it at the entrance of the stadium.
1990 World Cup
Maradona captained Argentina again in the 1990 FIFA World Cup to yet another World Cup Final. An ankle injury affected his overall performance, and he was much less dominant than four years earlier. Argentina were almost eliminated in the first round, only qualifying in third position from their group. In the round of 16 match against Brazil, Claudio Caniggia scored the only goal after being set up by Maradona.
In the quarter final, Argentina faced Yugoslavia, the match ending 0–0 after 120 minutes, and Argentina advancing on penalty kicks, despite Maradona missing one of the penalties in the shootout with a weak shot to the goalkeeper's right. The semifinal against the host nation Italy was also resolved on penalties after a 1–1 draw; this time, Maradona was successful with his effort, daringly rolling the ball into the net with an almost exact replica of his missed shot in the previous round. In the final, Argentina lost 1–0 to West Germany, the only goal being a penalty by Andreas Brehme in the 85th minute after a controversial foul on Rudi Völler.
1994 World Cup
At the 1994 FIFA World Cup Maradona played in only two games, scoring one goal against Greece, before being sent home after failing a drug test for ephedrine doping. In his autobiography, Maradona argued that the test result was due to his personal trainer giving him the power drink Rip Fuel. His claim was that the U.S. version, unlike the Argentine one, contained the chemical and that, having run out of his Argentine dosage, his trainer unwittingly bought the U.S. formula. FIFA expelled him from USA '94 and Argentina were subsequently eliminated in the second round. Maradona has also separately claimed that he had an agreement with FIFA, on which the organization reneged, to allow him to use the drug for weight loss before the competition in order to be able to play. His failed drugs test at the 1994 World Cup signaled the end of his international career, which had lasted 17 years and yielded 34 goals from 91 games.
Maradona was renowned for his dribbling ability, vision, close ball control, and passing ability. He also had a compact physique and could withstand physical pressure well. His strong legs and low center of gravity gave him an advantage in short sprints. His physical strengths were illustrated by his two goals against Belgium in the 1986 World Cup. Maradona was a strategist and a team player, as well as highly technical with the ball. He could manage himself effectively in limited spaces, and would attract defenders only to quickly dash out of the melee (as in the second 1986 goal against England), or give an assist to a free teammate. Being short, but strong, he could hold the ball long enough with a defender on his back to wait for a teammate making a run or to find a gap for a quick shot.
One of Maradona's trademark moves was dribbling full-speed on the right wing, and on reaching the opponent's goal line, delivering accurate passes to his teammates. Another trademark was the Rabona, a reverse-cross pass shot behind the leg that holds all the weight. This maneuver led to several assists, such as the powerful cross for Ramón Díaz's header in the 1980 friendly against Switzerland. He was also a dangerous free kick taker.
Maradona was dominantly left-footed, often using his left foot even when the ball was positioned more suitably for a right-footed connection. His first goal against Belgium in the 1986 World Cup semi-final is a worthy indicator of such; he had run into the inside right channel to receive a pass but let the ball travel across to his left foot, requiring more technical ability. During his run past several England players in the previous round for the "Goal of the Century", he did not use his right foot once, despite spending the whole movement on the right-hand side of the pitch. In the 1990 World Cup second round tie against Brazil, he did use his right foot to set up the winning goal for Caniggia due to two Brazilian markers forcing him into a position that made use of his left foot less practical.
Retirement and honours
Hounded for years by the press, Maradona once fired a compressed-air rifle at reporters who he claimed were invading his privacy. This quote from former teammate Jorge Valdano summarizes the feelings of many:
He is someone many people want to emulate, a controversial figure, loved, hated, who stirs great upheaval, especially in Argentina... Stressing his personal life is a mistake. Maradona has no peers inside the pitch, but he has turned his life into a show, and is now living a personal ordeal that should not be imitated.
In 1999 Konex Foundation from Argentina granted him the Diamond Konex Award, one of the most prestigious culture awards in Argentina, as the most important personality in Sports in the last decade in his country.
In 2000, Maradona published his autobiography Yo Soy El Diego ("I am The Diego"), which became an instant bestseller in his home country. Two years later, Maradona donated the Cuban royalties of his book to "the Cuban people and Fidel."
In 2000, he won FIFA Player of the Century award which was to be decided by votes on their official website, their official magazine and a grand jury. Maradona won the Internet based poll by wide margins, garnering 53.6% of the votes against 18.53% for Pelé. In spite of this, and shortly before the ceremony, FIFA unexpectedly decided to add a second award and appointed a "Football Family" committee composed of football journalists that also gave to Pelé the title of best player of the century to make it a draw. Maradona also came fifth in the vote of IFFHS(International Federation of Football History and Statistics).
In 2001, the Argentine Football Association (AFA) asked FIFA for authorization to retire the jersey number 10 for Maradona. FIFA did not grant the request, even though Argentine officials have maintained that FIFA hinted that it would.
Maradona has topped a number of fan polls, including a 2002 FIFA poll in which his second goal against England was chosen as the best goal ever scored in a World Cup; he also won the most votes in a poll to determine the All-Time Ultimate World Cup Team. On 22 March 2010, Maradona was chosen number 1 in The Greatest 10 World Cup players of all time by the London based newspaper The Times. Argentinos Juniors named its stadium after Maradona on 26 December 2003.
In 2003, Maradona was employed by the Libyan footballer Al-Saadi Gaddafi, the third son of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, as a "technical consultant", while Al-Saadi was playing for the Italian club, Perugia Calcio, which was in Serie A at the time.
On 22 June 2005, it was announced that Maradona would return to Boca Juniors as a sports vice president in charge of managing the First Division roster (after a disappointing 2004–05 season, which coincided with Boca's centenary). His contract began 1 August 2005, and one of his first recommendations proved to be very effective: he was the one who decided to hire Alfio Basile as the new coach. With Maradona fostering a close relationship with the players, Boca went on to win the 2005 Apertura title, the 2006 Clausura title, the 2005 Copa Sudamericana and the 2005 Recopa Sudamericana.
On 15 August 2005, Maradona made his debut as host of a talk-variety show on Argentine television, La Noche del 10 ("The Night of the no. 10"). His main guest on opening night was Pelé; the two had a friendly chat, showing no signs of past differences. However, the show also included a cartoon villain with a clear physical resemblance to Pelé. In subsequent evenings, he led the ratings on all occasions but one. Most guests were drawn from the worlds of football and show business, including Zidane, Ronaldo and Hernán Crespo, but also included interviews with other notable personalities such as Fidel Castro and Mike Tyson.
On 26 August 2006, it was announced that Maradona was quitting his position in the club Boca Juniors because of disagreements with the AFA, who selected Basile to be the new coach of the Argentina national football team.
In May 2006, Maradona agreed to take part in UK's Soccer Aid (a program to raise money for Unicef). In September 2006, Maradona, in his famous blue and white number 10, was the captain for Argentina in a three-day World Cup of Indoor Football tournament in Spain.
He attempted to work as a coach alongside former Argentinos Juniors midfield team mate Carlos Fren. The pair led Mandiyú of Corrientes (1994) and Racing Club (1995), but with little success. In May 2011 he became manager of Dubai club Al Wasl FC in the United Arab Emirates. Maradona was sacked in 10 July 2012. 
After the resignation of Argentina national football team coach Alfio Basile in 2008, Diego Maradona immediately proposed his candidacy for the vacant role. According to several press sources, his major challengers included Diego Simeone, Carlos Bianchi, Miguel Ángel Russo and Sergio Batista.
On 29 October 2008, AFA chairman Julio Grondona confirmed that Maradona would be the head coach of the national side from December 2008. On 19 November 2008, Diego Maradona managed Argentina for the first time when Argentina played against Scotland at Hampden Park in Glasgow which Argentina won 1–0.
After winning his first three matches in charge of the national team, he oversaw a 6–1 defeat to Bolivia, equalling the team's worst ever margin of defeat. With two matches remaining in the qualification tournament for the 2010 World Cup, Argentina was in fifth place and faced the possibility of failing to qualify, but victory in the last two matches secured qualification for the finals.
After Argentina's qualification, Maradona used abusive language at the live post-game press conference, telling members of the media to "suck it and keep on sucking it". FIFA responded with a two-month ban on all footballing activity, which expired on 15 January 2010, and a CHF 25,000 fine, with a warning as to his future conduct. The friendly match scheduled to take place at home to the Czech Republic on 15 December, during the period of the ban, was cancelled. The only match Argentina played during Maradona's ban was a friendly away to Catalonia, which Argentina lost 4–2.
At the World Cup finals in June 2010, Argentina started by winning 1–0 against Nigeria, and then defeated South Korea by 4–1, with a hat-trick from Gonzalo Higuain. In the final match of the group stage Argentina won 2–0 against Greece to win their the group and advance to a second round meeting with Mexico. After defeating Mexico 3–1, Argentina was in turn routed by Germany, 4–0 in the quarter finals to go out of the competition. Argentina was ranked 5th in the tournament. After the defeat to Germany Maradona admitted that he was considering his future as Argentina coach, "I may leave tomorrow," he said. On 15 July 2010, the Argentine Football Association said that he would be offered a new 4-year deal that would keep him in charge through to the summer of 2014 when Brazil stages the World Cup, however on 27 July the AFA announced that its board had unanimously decided not to renew his contract. Afterwards on 29 July 2010, Maradona claimed that AFA president Julio Grondona and director of national teams Carlos Bilardo had "lied to" and "betrayed" and effectively sacked him from the role. Saying "they wanted me to continue, but seven of my staff should not go on, if he told me that, it meant he did not want me to keep working".
His parents are Diego Maradona Senior and Dalma Salvadora Franco. His father is of Italian and Native American origin and his mother is of Croatian origin. Maradona married long-time fiancée Claudia Villafañe on 7 November 1984 in Buenos Aires, and they had two daughters, Dalma Nerea (born 2 April 1987) and Giannina Dinorah (born 16 May 1989), by whom he became a grandfather in 2009. In his autobiography, Maradona admits he was not always faithful to Claudia, even though he refers to her as the love of his life.
Maradona and Villafañe divorced in 2004. Daughter Dalma has since asserted that the divorce was the best solution for all, as her parents remained on friendly terms. They travelled together to Napoli for a series of homages in June 2005 and were seen together on many other occasions, including the Argentina matches during 2006 FIFA World Cup.
During the divorce proceedings, Maradona admitted he was the father of Diego Sinagra (born in Naples on 20 September 1986). The Italian courts had already so ruled in 1993, after Maradona refused to undergo DNA tests for proving or disproving his paternity. Diego Jr. met Maradona for the first time in May 2003 after tricking his way onto a golf course in Italy where Maradona was playing. Diego Sinagra is now a footballer playing in Italy. After the divorce, Claudia embarked on a career as a theatre producer, and Dalma was seeking an acting career; she had expressed her desire to attend the Actor's Studio in Los Angeles.
His younger daughter, Giannina, married Manchester City striker Sergio Agüero, with whom she has a son, Benjamin, born in Madrid on 19 February 2009. In January 2013, Agüero and Giannina separated.
His mother, Dalma, died on 19 November 2011. Diego was in Dubai at the time, and desperately tried to fly back in time to see her, but was too late. She was 81 years old. His son Diego Fernando, whom he had with his ex long term partner Veronica Ojeda, was born 13 February 2013.
Drug abuse and health issues
From the mid-1980s until 2004 Diego Maradona was addicted to cocaine. He allegedly began using the drug in Barcelona in 1983. By the time he was playing for Napoli he had a regular addiction, which began to interfere with his ability to play football.
Over the years following his retirement his health seriously deteriorated. On 4 January 2000, while vacationing in Punta del Este, Uruguay, Maradona had to be rushed to the emergency room of a local clinic. In a press conference, doctors stated that it was detected heart muscle damage due to "an underlying health issue". It was later known that traces of cocaine were found in his blood and Maradona had to explain the circumstances to the police. After this he left Argentina and went to Cuba in order to follow a drug rehab plan.
On 18 April 2004, doctors reported that Maradona had suffered a major myocardial infarction following a cocaine overdose; he was admitted to intensive care in a Buenos Aires hospital. Scores of fans gathered around the clinic. He was taken off the respirator on 23 April and remained in intensive care for several days before being discharged on 29 April. He tried to return to Cuba, where he had spent most of his time in the years leading up to the heart attack, but his family opposed, having filed a judicial petition to exercise his legal guardianship.
Maradona had a tendency to put on weight, and suffered increasingly from obesity from the end of his playing career until undergoing gastric bypass surgery in a clinic in Cartagena de Indias, Colombia on 6 March 2005. His surgeon said that Maradona would follow a liquid diet for three months in order to return his normal weight. When Maradona resumed public appearances shortly thereafter, he displayed a notably thinner figure.
On 29 March 2007, Maradona was readmitted to a hospital in Buenos Aires. He was treated for hepatitis and effects of alcohol abuse, and was released on 11 April, but re-admitted two days later. In the following days there were constant rumors about his health, including three false claims of his death within a month. After transfer to a psychiatric clinic specialising in alcohol-related problems, he was discharged on 7 May. On 8 May 2007, Maradona appeared on Argentine television and stated that he had quit drinking and had not used drugs in two and a half years.
Only in recent years, Maradona has shown sympathy to left-wing ideologies. Before that he had been vocal in his support of neoliberal Argentina President Carlos Menem, and especially of his Harvard University-educated economist Domingo Cavallo. He became friends with Cuban leader Fidel Castro while receiving treatment on the island, with Castro stating; "Diego is a great friend and very noble too. There’s also no question he’s a wonderful athlete and has maintained a friendship with Cuba to no material gain of his own.” He also has a portrait of Castro tattooed on his left leg and one of Fidel's second in command, fellow Argentine Che Guevara on his right arm. In his autobiography, El Diego, he dedicated the book to several people and groups of people including Castro, he wrote "To Fidel Castro and, through him, all the Cuban people".
Maradona was also a supporter of former Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez. In 2005 he visited Venezuela with the specific aim of meeting Chávez, who received him in Miraflores. After this meeting Maradona claimed that he had come with the aim of meeting a "great man" ("un grande" in Spanish) but he had met instead a gigantic man ("un gigante" in Spanish, meaning he was more than great).
He has declared his opposition to what he identifies as imperialism, notably during the 2005 Summit of the Americas in Mar del Plata, Argentina. There he protested George W. Bush's presence in Argentina, wearing a T-shirt labeled "STOP BUSH" (with the "s" in "Bush" being replaced with a swastika) and referring to Bush as "human garbage". In August 2007, Maradona went further, making an appearance on Chávez's weekly television show and saying: "I hate everything that comes from the United States. I hate it with all my strength."
In April 2013, Maradona visited the tomb of Hugo Chávez and urged Venezuelans to elect the late leader's designated successor, Nicolás Maduro, to continue the socialist leader's legacy; "Continue the struggle," Maradona said on television. Wearing a red shirt with his trademark number 10, Maradona attended Maduro's final campaign rally in Caracas, signing footballs and kicking them to the crowd, and presented Maduro with a jersey of the Argentina national team. Having visited Chávez's tomb with Maradona, Madura said; "Speaking with Diego was very emotional because comandante Chávez also loved him very much".
In March 2009 Italian officials announced that Maradona still owed the Italian government €37 million in taxes; €23.5 million of which was accrued interest on his original debt. They reported that thus far, Maradona has paid only €42,000, two luxury watches and a set of earrings.
In popular culture
The American newspaper The Houston Chronicle wrote about Maradona:
To understand the gargantuan shadow Maradona casts over his soccer-mad homeland, one has to conjure up the athleticism of Michael Jordan, the power of Babe Ruth – and the human fallibility of Mike Tyson. Lump them together in a single barrel-chested man with shaggy black hair and you have El Diego, idol to the millions who call him D10S, a mashup of his playing number and the Spanish word for God.
In Argentina, Maradona is considered a sports hero to many. He is idolized, receiving the name of "God". About this idolatry that exists in Argentina over Maradona, his former teammate Jorge Valdano said: "At the time that Maradona retired from active football, left traumatized Argentina. Maradona was more than just a great footballer. It was a special compensation factor for a country that in a few years lived several military dictatorships and social frustrations of all kinds". Valdano added that "Maradona offered to the Argentines way out of their collective frustration, and that's why people love him. There is a divine figure."
Ever since 1986, it is common for Argentines abroad to hear Maradona's name as a token of recognition, even in remote places. The Tartan Army sing a version of the Hokey Cokey in honour of the Hand of God goal against England. In Argentina, Maradona is often talked about in terms reserved for legends. In the Argentine film El Hijo de la Novia ("Son of the Bride"), somebody who impersonates a Catholic priest says to a bar patron: "they idolized him and then crucified him". When a friend scolds him for taking the prank too far, the fake priest retorts: "But I was talking about Maradona". He's the subject of the film El Camino de San Diego, though he himself only appears in archive footage.
Maradona was included in many cameos in the Argentine comic book El Cazador de Aventuras. After the closing of it, the authors started a new short-lived comic book titled "El Die", using Maradona as the main character. Maradona has had several online flash games that are entirely dedicated to his legacy.
In Rosario, Argentina, locals organized the parody religion of the "Church of Maradona". The organization reformulates many elements from Christian tradition, such as Christmas or prayers, reflecting instead details from Maradona. It had 200 founding members, tens of thousands more have become members via the church's official web site.
Many Argentine artists performed songs in tribute to Diego, like: "Maradó" by El Potro Rodrigo, "Maradona" by Andrés Calamaro, "Para siempre Diego" (Diego forever) by Los Ratones Paranoicos, "Para verte gambetear" (For seeing you dribble) by La Guardia Hereje, "Francotirador" (Sniper) by Attaque 77, "Dale Diez" (C'mon Diez) by Julio Lacarra, "Maradona blues" by Charly García, "Santa Maradona" (Saint Maradona) by Mano Negra, "La Vida Tombola" by Manu Chao, "¿Qué es Dios?" (What is God?) by Las Pastillas del Abuelo, "Pelusa"(Fluff) by Los Cafres, among others. And many films, like: Maradona, La Mano de Dios (Maradona, the Hand of God), El Camino de San Diego (Saint Diego's Road), Amando a Maradona (Loving Maradona), Maradona by Kusturica.
A television commercial for Brazilian soft drink Guaraná Antarctica portrayed Maradona as a member of the Brazilian national football team, including wearing the yellow jersey and singing the Brazilian national anthem with Brazilian caps Kaká and Ronaldo. Later on in the commercial he wakes up realizing it was a nightmare after having drunk too much of the Brazilian soft drink. This generated some controversy in the Argentine media after its release (although the commercial was not supposed to air on the Argentine market, fans could see it via internet). Maradona replied that he has no problem in wearing the Brazilian national squad jersey despite Argentina and Brazil having a tense rivalry in football, but that he would refuse to wear the shirt of River Plate, Boca Juniors' traditional rival.
- Source: Club Statistics, at expertfootball.com
|1976||Argentinos Juniors||Primera División||0||0||11||2||–||–||11||2|
|1993–94||Newell's Old Boys||Primera División||5||0||–||–||–||5||0|
- Other – League Cup (Spain) and Super Cup (Italy)
- His overall average of goals scored per match in domestic club competitions is 0.526.
- Started in 21 consecutive matches for Argentina in four World Cups (1982, 1986, 1990, 1994)
- Appeared 16 times as captain of the national team, a World Cup-record.
- Scored 8 goals and provided 8 assists in 21 World Cup appearances, including 5 goals and 5 assists in 1986
- Tied for highest goal-scorer from Argentina in World Cup finals (equaled Guillermo Stábile's mark in 1994; surpassed by Gabriel Batistuta in 1998)
|Argentina national team|
|Mandiyú de Corrientes||January 1994||June 1994||12||1||5||6||8.33|
|Racing Club||May 1995||November 1995||11||2||3||6||18.18|
|Argentina||November 2008||July 2010||19||14||0||5||73.68|
|Al Wasl FC||May 2011||July 2012||22||7||5||10||31.82|
- FIFA World Youth Championship: 1979
- 75th anniversary FIFA Cup: 1979
- FIFA World Cup: 1986
- Artemio Franchi Trophy: 1993
- Argentine Primera División top scorers (5): 1978 Metropolitano, 1979 Metropolitano, 1979 Nacional, 1980 Metropolitano, 1980 Nacional
- FIFA World Youth Championship Golden Ball: 1979
- FIFA World Youth Championship Silver Shoe: 1979
- World Player of the Year (Guerin Sportivo): 1979
- Argentine Football Writers' Footballer of the Year (4): 1979, 1980, 1981, 1986
- South American Footballer of the Year (2): (official award) 1979, 1980
- Olimpia de Oro (2): 1979, 1986
- Guerin d'Oro (Serie A Footballer of the Year): 1985
- Onze de Bronze (2): 1985, 1988
- FIFA World Cup Golden Ball: 1986
- FIFA World Cup Silver Shoe: 1986
- FIFA World Cup Most Assists: 1986
- FIFA World Cup All-Star Team (2): 1986, 1990
- Onze d'Or (2): 1986, 1987
- Argentine Sports Writers' Sportsman of the Year: 1986
- L'Équipe Champion of Champions: 1986
- United Press International Athlete of the Year Award: 1986
- World Soccer Awards Player of the Year: 1986
- South American Player of the Year (4): (unofficial award) 1986, 1989, 1990, 1992
- Capocannoniere (Serie A top scorer): 1987–88
- Coppa Italia top scorer: 1987-88
- FIFA World Cup Bronze Ball: 1990
- Onze d'Or (top player of the year for the Onze Mondial French newspaper): 1994
- FIFA World Cup All-Time Team: 1994
- Golden Ball for services to football (France Football): 1996
- World Team of the 20th Century: 1998
- World Soccer The Greatest Players of the 20th century: (#2) 1999
- Argentine Sports Writers' Sportsman of the Century: 1999
- Marca Leyenda: 1999
- Number 10 retired by Napoli football team as a recognition to his contribution to the club: 2000
- FIFA Player of the Century: 2000
- FIFA World Cup Goal of the Century (1986 (2–1) v. England; second goal): 2002
- FIFA World Cup Dream Team: 2002
- FIFA 100 Greatest Living Footballers: 2004
- Argentine Senate "Domingo Faustino Sarmiento" recognition for lifetime achievement: 2005
- World Soccer Greatest XI of all time: 2013
- Napoli all-time Top Scorer
- Maradona tricks and skills videos of the best soccer, football players ever. Football-tricks.com. Retrieved 31 March 2013.
- Diego Maradona dominated 1986 World Cup after position switch – Jonathan Wilson – SI.com. Sportsillustrated.cnn.com (27 May 2010). Retrieved 31 March 2013.
- Diego Maradona: ‘The Soccer Guru’. The Viewspaper (25 June 2010). Retrieved 31 March 2013.
- Diego Maradona – Profile of Soccer Player Diego Maradona. Worldsoccer.about.com. Retrieved 31 March 2013.
- "The Best of The Best". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com (19 June 2009). Retrieved 31 March 2013.
- – "The 100 greatest players of all time" The Football Pantheon, 20 September 2011
- – "Castrol Debate: Pele Versus Maradona". goal.com, 23 October 2010
- Other opinions about Maradona as the greatest player can be found at:
– "Ruud Gullit: Diego Maradona is the best ever in my opinion". goal.com, 29 July 2012
– "Lionel Messi: Diego Maradona is the greatest of all-time". SoccerAnchor, 7 September 2011
– "Rummenigge: Maradona better than Pele". The Times of India, 12 November 2008
– "Paolo Maldini: Maradona best ever, Ronaldo close second" Paolo Maldini fan page, 21 July 2008
– "Wayne Rooney: Diego Maradona is the greatest player ever". givemesport
- "Gary Lineker: Diego has been the best player without a doubt, better than Pele" SoccerBlog, 25 March 2006
– "Glenn Hoddle: Diego Maradona is the greatest player of all time". SoccerBible, 22 July 2010.
– "Ryan Giggs: Maradona is the best of all time". tribalfootball, 11 October 2011.
– "Rio Ferdinand: In my eyes Maradona is the best footballer ever". fifa.com, 7 November 2008
– "Mario Kempes: Maradona is absolutely the best". ESPN soccernet, 18 April 2005.
– "Aguero: It is disrespectful to compare me to Maradona". Mirro Football, 20 November 2011.
– "Frank McGarvey: Diego Maradona was world's best player". Daily Record, 30 October 2008.
– "Gordon Smith: Maradona was the best player I ever saw play the game". Daily Record, 30 October 2008.
– "Trevor Edwards: Maradona is best" Central Telegraph, 11 April 2012
– "Maradona’s still number one". The Sun, 29 April 2011.
– "Considered by many as the greatest football player to have ever walked the face of the earth". FIFA.com
- FIFA Player of the Century. touri.com
- "Maradona or Pele?". CNN Sports Illustrated, 10 December 2000. Retrieved 13 March 2013
- "Diego Maradona goal voted the FIFA World Cup™ Goal of the Century". FIFA (30 May 2002). Retrieved 13 March 2013
- "Diego Maradona debuta hoy como asesor espiritual de Deportivo Riestra", Télam, 19 August 2013
- "Maradona celebrates first victory as Riestra 'spiritual coach'", The Buenos Aires Herald, August 19, 2013
- "Maradona motivó y Riestra ganó", Clarín, 19 August 2013
- The greatest rags-to-riches stories ever James Dart, Paul Doyle and Jon Hill, 12 April 2006. Retrieved 18 August 2006.
- Uki Goñi (23 October 2009). "Argentina's Maradona: A Soccer God Turned Mortal". Time. Retrieved 18 September 2013. "he can claim both Italian and indigenous ancestry"
- Burns, Jimmy (2011). Maradona: The Hand of God. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 63. ISBN 9781408827727. Retrieved 2 October 2013. "Maradona a poor Argentine of Italian ancestry"
- The Hand of God. Retrieved 18 August 2006.
- A SUMMARY OF MARADONA's LIFE www.vivadiego.com. Retrieved 18 August 2006.
- "If only... the transfer deals that failed to materialise". The Independent. Retrieved 1 April 2013
- That's one hell of a diet, Diego 8 January 2006. Guardian Newspapers Limited. Retrieved 13 August 2006.
- "Backgrounder: Diego Maradona". CBC Sports. Retrieved 14 December 2012
- "Snapshot: Maradona is toast of the town after signing for Napoli". The Times. Retrieved 30 March 2013
- "SPORTS PEOPLE; Maradona Fined". The New York Times. 13 January 1991. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
- May, John (19 April 2004). "Maradona's fall from grace". BBC News. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
- "After the fall: The World Cup dream is over for Diego Maradona, but there may be worse to come – a little matter of pounds 500,000-worth of smuggled cocaine, and the Naples mafia. Paul Greengrass and Toby Follett report". The Independent (London). 5 July 1994. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
- "Diego Maradona: 1961(?)—: Athlete – The Infamous "hand Of God" Goal". Biography.jrank.org. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
- "Camorra, arrestato il boss amico di Maradona". Corriere della Sera. 24 December 2009. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
- Telander, Rick (14 January 2002). "At his best, Diego Maradona can be as graceful as Michael Jordan. At his worst, he can be as disgraceful as John McEnroe. The question is, which Maradona will show for the World Cup?". CNN.
- Landolina, Salvatore. (14 January 2011) Diego Maradona Backs Ezequiel Lavezzi To Earn Napoli Number 10 Shirt. Goal.com. Retrieved 31 March 2013.
- "Sport in Short: Football – Sport". The Independent (UK). 15 July 1992. Retrieved 6 May 2011.
- MacPherson, Graeme (30 October 2008). Maradona to receive Hampden welcome, The Herald.
- 1982 – Story of Spain '82. Planet World Cup. Retrieved 31 March 2013.
- Brewin, John (9 June 2010) "Diego Maradona: God's gift". ESPN Soccernet.
- "Castrol World Cup Legends: Diego Maradona – 1986". Goal.com (10 June 2010). Retrieved 14 December 2012
- "1986 FIFA World Cup Mexico: Italy – Argentina". FIFA. Retrieved 14 December 2012
- McCarthy, David (18 November 2008). Terry Butcher: Maradona robbed England of World Cup glory. Daily Record.
- Motson, John (2006). Motson's World Cup Extravaganza. p.103. Robson, 2006
- Castrol Worldcup Statistics – Diego Maradona. Castrolfootball.com. Retrieved 31 March 2013.
- Darby, James. (10 June 2010) WorldCup Legends: Maradona. Goal.com. Retrieved 31 March 2013.
- Argentina's Road to the World Title FIFA. page 43
- "Adidas Golden Ball Winners" from. FIFA.com (14 November 2012). Retrieved 31 March 2013.
- Pelé and Maradona – two very different number tens. FIFA.com (25 January 2001). Retrieved 31 March 2013.
- Messi’s Goal Better Than Maradona's Goal of the Century? worldrec.info. Retrieved 29–01–09.
- Hylands, Alan. Diego Maradona, about.com.
- "Maradona, as others see him". FIFA.com. Retrieved 17 November 2013
- Maradona's World Cup magic. BBC Sport (19 April 2004). Retrieved 18 August 2006.
- Interview with Jorge Valdano. el-mundo.es (2001) (in Spanish).
- Maradona 'tells all' in autobiography. Associated Press. 20 December 2000.
- Garcia, Anne-Marie (21 February 2002) Maradona donates royalties from Cuban edition of his book. granma.cu.
- IFFHS' Century Elections. Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation.com (30 January 2000). Retrieved 31 March 2013.
- Argentina can't retire Maradona's shirt ESPNsoccernet.com, 26 May 2002. Retrieved 18 August 2006.
- Hamilton, Fiona (22 March 2010). "The ten greatest World Cup playersbr No 1 Diego Maradona Argentina". The Times (London). Retrieved 1 April 2010.
- White, Duncan (29 October 2011). "Jay Bothroyd puts good times with playboy Saadi Gaddafi, son of dead Libya tyrant Colonel Gaddafi, behind him". National Post. Retrieved 31 March 2012
- 'El Diez emprende dos nuevos desafíos', ESPN Deportes (28 July 2005). Retrieved 17 August 2005.
- 'El Diego quits his beloved Boca', FIFA News (26 August 2006). Retrieved 26 August 2006[dead link].
- "Maradona scores but England win UNICEF match", Yahoo!-FIFA
- "Diego Maradona fired as Al Wasl coach". San Francisco Chronicle. 10 July 2012. Retrieved 10 July 2012.
- "Maradona wants to hold talks to save Al Wasl job". 12 July 2012.
- Campbell, Andy (19 November 2008). "Scotland 0–1 Argentina". BBC Sport. Retrieved 7 July 2010.
- "Last-gasp Palermo wins it in the rain". ESPN. 10 October 2009. Retrieved 15 October 2009.
- "Late winner puts Argentina in World Cup finals". CNN. 14 October 2009. Retrieved 15 October 2009.
- World Cup 2010 (15 October 2009). "Diego Maradona Tells Press To 'Suck It' After Argentina Triumph Over Uruguay". Goal.com. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
- "Maradona hit with two-month ban". London: BBC Sport. 15 November 2009. Retrieved 15 November 2009.
- Dawkes, Phil (12 June 2010). "Argentina 1–0 Nigeria". BBC Sport. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
- Stevenson, Jonathan (17 June 2010). "Argentina 4–1 South Korea". BBC Sport. Retrieved 17 June 2010.
- "Maradona's men in top spot". ESPNsoccernet (ESPN). 22 June 2010. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- Longman, Jeré (3 June 2010). "Germany Shows Its Strength". The New York Times. Retrieved 4 June 2010.
- "Sad Maradona considers quitting". BBC Sport. 4 July 2010. Retrieved 15 July 2010.
- "Argentina to offer Diego Maradona new four-year deal". BBC Sport. 15 July 2010. Retrieved 15 July 2010.
- "Diego Maradona departs as manager of Argentina". The Guardian (London). Press Association. 27 July 2010. Retrieved 27 July 2010.
- "'Betrayed' Maradona lashes out at AFA". ESPNsoccernet (ESPN). 29 July 2010. Retrieved 29 July 2010.
- "True Stories - Maradona 1/7". 1995 UK TV Documentary on Diego Maradona. YouTube. 12 January 2009. Retrieved 4 July 2010. "his father of Native Indian extraction"
- La Liga (19 February 2009). "Diego Maradona Becomes A Grandfather As Sergio Aguero Junior Is Born". Goal.com. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
- ESPN Deportes – "Llega en son de paz". Retrieved 19 May 2006
- ESPN Deportes – "El amor al ídolo". Retrieved 19 May 2006
- "Diego Sinagra". Resport.it. Retrieved 12 June 2010.
- Clarin.com – "Había una vez... un elenco para la selección". Retrieved 19 May 2006
- Clarin.com – "Dalma Maradona: diario de una princesa". Retrieved 19 May 2006
- "Aguero is a wimp! Maradona blasts City star after split from his daughter turns nasty". Daily Mail. Retrieved 28 November 2013
- Maradona's fall from grace John May, 19 April 2004, BBC Sport. Retrieved 18 August 2006.
- "The New York Times: SOCCER; Maradona Sentenced". AP via New York Times. 1991-09-19.
- "Maradona has surgery on stomach". BBC. 6 March 2005. Retrieved 28 June 2010.
- Associated Press. "Maradona's gastric bypass inspires obese Colombians". ESPN. Retrieved 28 June 2010.
- "Maradona back in hospital" – Sky Sports[dead link]
- Calegari, Rodrigo (26 April 2007). "Malas lenguas". Diario Olé (Spanish)
- "Maradona leaves alcoholism clinic". BBC News. 7 May 2007. Retrieved 1 April 2010.
- "Maradona says he no longer drinks". ESPNsoccernet (8 May 2007).
- Taylor, Chris (6 November 2005). "A big hand". The Observer (UK). Retrieved 19 June 2006.
- Maradona, Diego; Daniel Arcucci; Ernesto Cherquis Bialo (2005). El Diego. London: Yellow Jersey. ISBN 0-224-07190-4.
- Carroll, Rory (20 August 2007). "Maradona and Chávez laugh over 'hand of god' goal on chat show". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved 20 August 2007.
- "Chávez and Maradona Lead Massive Rebuke of Bush". The Nation. 5 November 2005. Retrieved 20 June 2006.
- "Image of Maradona wearing the STOP BU卐H shirt". Retrieved 12 June 2010.
- "Ex-soccer star Maradona tells Chavez he hates U.S.". Reuters. 19 August 2007. Retrieved 20 August 2007.
- Naughton, Philippe (3 April 2008). "Diego Maradona makes a fan of President Ahmadinejad of Iran". The Sunday Times (London). Retrieved 28 June 2010.
- "Diego Maradona visits Hugo Chavez tomb". NDTV. Retrieved 29 November 2013
- Police seize Maradona's earrings BBC News, 19 September 2009
- Maradona still owes 37 million euros, taxman says. wsn.com (28 March 2009).
- Bensinger, Ken (8 June 2010) Maradona puts his Legacy on the Line at the World Cup, The Houston Chronicle.
- Shields, Tom (9 April 2006). LET'S RAISE A GLASS TO MARADONA TOM SHIELDS SPORT DIARY, Sunday Herald.
- "Maradona Soccer Game". Retrieved 13 April 2013.
- Maradona in intensive care. BBC Sport (28 April 2004). Retrieved 18 August 2006.
- "[ARCHIVO 10 , Diego Maradona – Videos de publicidades". Archivo10.com. Retrieved 6 May 2011.
- "Maradona diz não se arrepender de usar camisa do Brasil na TV". AdNews.com.br. 30 April 2006.
- Club Statistics. expertfootball.com (archived)
- "Diego Armando Maradona – International Appearances". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 6 May 2011.
- "Special Debate: Lionel Messi vs Diego Maradona – So Who Is Better?". Goal.com. Retrieved 19 November 2013
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Diego Maradona.|
- Official website
- ESPN Profile
- Complete List of International Appearances and Goals
- Video: Maradona's "Goal of the Century"
- Gary Lineker interviews Diego – BBC News 30 April 2006
- Diego admires Del Piero and Lavezzi
- 50 Facts About the Argentine Legend
- Confirmation of Diego Maradona doping 1994
- Photos: Diego Maradona's Quest for the World Cup – slideshow by TIME magazine
- Diego Maradona's Greatest 2010 World Cup Moments – slideshow by The Huffington Post