Caspian red deer

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"Maral" redirects here. For the Altai or Siberian maral, see Altai wapiti. For the Tian Shan maral, see Tian Shan wapiti.
Caspian red deer
Caspian Red Deer (Maral) in Arasbaran forest.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Suborder: Ruminantia
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Cervinae
Genus: Cervus
Species: C. elaphus
Subspecies: C. e. maral
Trinomial name
Cervus elaphus maral
Gray, 1850

The Caspian red deer, (Cervus elaphus maral) (Armenian: Մարալ Maral) , (Azerbaijani: Maral) is one of the easternmost subspecies of red deer that is native to areas between the Black Sea and Caspian Sea such as Crimea, Asia Minor, the Caucasus Mountains region bordering Europe and Asia, and along the Caspian Sea region in Iran. This animal is sometimes referred to as maral or noble deer.


This large, heavily built deer has a dark slate-gray coat with a bright yellow rump patch in winter, but color is reddish in summer. The thighs, shoulders, and underparts are black or dark brown. This deer shows the characteristics of both a typical red deer and the wapiti. Male deer roar in a fashion similar to other European red deer, have five pronged antlers with cups, and may rival Rocky Mountain elk (Cervus canadensis canadensis) in size. Maral deer are similar to wapitis in having large bez (second) tines and a large rump-patch.

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