Maralinga Tjarutja

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Maralinga Tjarutja
South Australia
MT LGA.png
Location of the Maralinga Tjarutja Council
Population 105 (2006)[1]
 • Density 0.001/km2 (0.0026/sq mi)
Established 2006
Area 102,863.6 km2 (39,715.9 sq mi)
Council seat Ceduna (outside Councial area)
Region The Outback
State electorate(s) Flinders
Federal Division(s) Grey
Website www.wangkawilurrara.com/oakvalley/default.htm
LGAs around Maralinga Tjarutja:
Ngaanyatjarraku, WA Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara
Laverton Shire, WA Maralinga Tjarutja Outback Areas Community Development Trust
Laverton Shire, WA Outback Areas Community Development Trust Outback Areas Community Development Trust

The Maralinga Tjarutja are the Indigenous Australian people who traditionally inhabit the remote western areas of South Australia. They are a Southern Pitjantjatjara people.

The lands of the Maralinga Tjarutja bear their own name. These lands, in South Australia's remote west, comprise Maralinga Tjaruta, one of the four local government areas of South Australia classified an Aboriginal Council (AC). The area measures 102,863.6 km2 (39,715.9 sq mi),[2] making it the largest local government area of South Australia by area (followed by Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara to the north, which is nearly as large), with a population of only 105,[1] all in the community of Oak Valley.

The Maralinga people had been moved from their lands in the 1950s to allow British nuclear tests. The Maralinga Tjarutja native title land was handed back to the Maralinga people in January 1985 under legislation passed by both houses of the South Australian Parliament in December 1984 and proclaimed in January 1985. Maralinga people resettled on the land in 1995 and named the main community Oak Valley Community.

In 2003 South Australian Premier Mike Rann and Education Minister Trish White opened a new school at Oak Valley replacing what had been described as the "worst school in Australia".[3] In May 2004, following the passage of special legislation, Premier Rann handed back title to 21,000 square kilometres of land to the Maralinga Tjarutja and Pila Nguru people. The land, 1000 km Northwest of Adelaide and abutting the Western Australia border, was called the Unnamed Conservation Park. It is now known as Mamumgari Conservation Park. It includes the Serpentine Lakes and was the largest land return since Premier John Bannon's hand over of Maralinga lands in 1984. At the 2004 ceremony Premier Rann said the return of the land fulfilled a promise he made in 1991 when he was Aboriginal Affairs Minister after he passed legislation to return lands including the sacred Ooldea area (which also included the site of Daisy Bates' mission camp) to the Maralinga Tjarutja people.[4]

Maralinga Tjarutja Council[edit]

The Maralinga Tjarutja Council is an incorporated body constituted by the traditional owners (Yalata and Maralinga people) to administer the lands granted to them under the Maralinga Tjarutja Land Rights Act 1984 (SA).[5] The head office is at: 43 McKenzie Street, Ceduna. Dr Archie Barton AM was the Administrator until 2006, and was involved in the campaign in 1982-1984 on behalf of the Yalata and Maralinga people for land rights to the Maralinga Tjarutja lands.

The Maralinga Tjarutja and the Pila Nguru (or Spinifex people) also jointly own and administer the 21,357.85 km² Mamungari Conservation Park, which area is contained in the area total for the council area. Emu Field is now part of the council area, too, while the 3,300 km² Maralinga area is still a roughly square shaped enclave within the council area.

A part of the land surveyed and known as Section 400 remains occupied by the Crown through a provision of the Act mentioned above, for up to 50 years. This land includes the area of land occupied by the Maralinga Township and the areas in which actual atomic tests were carried out.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b [1] census.abs.gov.au, National Regional Profile: Maralinga Tjarutja (AC) (Local Government Area). 2010.
  2. ^ [2] census.abs.gov.au, National Regional Profile: Maralinga Tjarutja (AC) (Local Government Area). 2010.
  3. ^ ABC News May 4 2003 "Maralinga Students Welcome New School"[3]
  4. ^ The Age 25 August 2004, "Maralinga Handover Prompts Celebration"
  5. ^ Maralinga Tjarutja Land Rights Act 1984 at austlii.edu.au retrieved 21 May 2013

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°29′25″S 132°00′28″E / 26.4902777778°S 132.007777778°E / -26.4902777778; 132.007777778