Máramaros County

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Máramaros County
Комітат Марамарош
Comitatul Maramureş
Comitatus Maramarosiensis
Máramaros vármegye
Komitat Maramuresch
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
1876–1920

Coat of arms of Máramaros

Coat of arms

Location of Máramaros
Capital Máramarossziget
47°56′N 23°53′E / 47.933°N 23.883°E / 47.933; 23.883Coordinates: 47°56′N 23°53′E / 47.933°N 23.883°E / 47.933; 23.883
History
 -  Established 1876
 -  Treaty of Trianon 4 June 1920
Area
 -  1910 9,716 km2 (3,751 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 357,700 
Density 36.8 /km2  (95.4 /sq mi)
Today part of Ukraine, Romania
Sighetu Marmaţiei is the current name of the capital.

Máramaros (Romanian: Maramureş; Rusyn: Мараморош / Maramorosh, Мараморыш / Maramorŷsh; Ukrainian: МармарощинаMarmaroshchyna; Latin: Marmatia) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in north-western Romania and western Ukraine. The capital of the county was Máramarossziget (Hungarian, Sighetu Marmaţiei in Romania).

Geography[edit]

Máramaros county shared borders with the Austrian crownlands Galicia (now in Poland and Ukraine) and Bukovina (now in Romania and Ukraine) and the Hungarian counties Bereg, Ugocsa, Szatmár, Szolnok-Doboka and Beszterce-Naszód. It was situated on both sides of the river Tisza, and in the Carpathian mountains. Its area was 9720 km² around 1910.

History[edit]

In 1920 after the Treaty of Trianon, the northern part of the county became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia (Subcarpathian Ruthenia). The southern part (including Sighetu Marmației) became part of Romania.

During World War II, the Czechoslovak part was occupied by Hungary under the First Vienna Award. The county Máramaros was recreated, with Khust/Huszt as capital. The Romanian part was from 1940 to 1944 a part of Hungary. After World War II, the formerly Czechoslovak part of Máramaros county became part of the Soviet Union, Ukrainian SSR, Zakarpattia Oblast. Since 1991, when the Soviet Union split up, the Zakarpattya region is part of Ukraine.

The southern part of the county is now part of the Romanian judeţul Maramureş.

Demographics[edit]

1900[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 309,598 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

1910[edit]

In 1910, the county had a population of 357,705 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Máramaros county were:

Districts (járás)
District Capital
Dolha Dolha, UA Dovhe
Huszt Huszt, UA Khust
Izavölgy Dragomérfalva, RO Dragomireşti
Ökörmező Ökörmező, UA Mizhhir'ya
Sugatag Aknasugatag, RO Ocna Şugatag
Sziget Máramarossziget, RO Sighetu Marmaţiei
Taracviz Taracköz, UA Teresva
Técső Técső, UA Tiachiv
Tiszavölgy Rahó, UA Rakhiv
Visó Felsővisó, RO Vişeu de Sus
Urban districts (rendezett tanácsú város)
Máramarossziget, RO Sighetu Marmaţiei

Rakhiv, Teresva, Tiachiv, Khust, Dovhe and Mizhhir'ya are now in Ukraine; Sighetu Marmaţiei, Ocna Şugatag, Dragomireşti and Vişeu de Sus are now in Romania.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-26.