Maranao (Maranao [ˈmәranaw] Mëranaw) is an Austronesian language spoken by the Maranao people in the provinces of Lanao del Norte and Lanao del Sur in the Philippines, and in Sabah, Malaysia.
Iranun was once considered a dialect.
Below is the sound system of Maranao including underlying phonetic features.
Velar fricative [h]
According to Lobel (2013), [h] only occurs in a select number of Malay loanwords:
- tohan 'God'
- tahon 'astrological sign'
- hadapan 'in front (of God)'
Consonants are also pronounced longer if preceded with a schwa ə. However, this process is not a form of gemination since consonant elongation in Mëranao is not distinctive as seen in other Philippine languages such as Ilokano and Ibanag. Some of these are:
- tepad [təpːad] 'get off a vehicle'
- tekaw [təkːaw] 'starled; surprised'
- Meranaw is spoken by the Maranao Tribe.