Marangal na Dalit ng Katagalugan
|English: Noble Hymn of the Tagalog Nation|
National anthem of Tagalog Republic (1896-1897)
|Lyrics||Julio Nakpil, 1896
Original Tagalog lyrics
|Music||Julio Nakpil, 1896|
The Marangál na Dalit ng̃ Katagalugan (English title: Noble Hymn of the Tagalog Nation) was the historic national anthem of the Tagalog Republic and is considered the first national anthem of the Philippines. It was later titled Salve Patria ("Hail, Fatherland"). Julio Nakpil composed the anthem in November 1896 during the Philippine Revolution.
The piece was composed by Nakpil upon request of Andres Bonifacio to celebrate the founding of the Katipunan. It first played in the vicinity of Balara in November 1896. While the hymn was originally intended only for the Katipunan, it eventually became the anthem for the Tagalog Republic. in 1903, Nakpil reworked his “Marangal na Dalit” as tribute to Jose Rizal under the title “Salve, Patria,” but the only surviving copies of the original score were destroyed in 1945, during the Battle for Manila (1945). The current version was reconstructed by Nakpil from memory when he was in his eighties.
|Tagalog||English translation||Spanish Translation|
When General Emilio Aguinaldo assumed control as President in 1897, the anthem was replaced with Lupang Hinirang, which was composed in 1898 by Julián Felipe. It is still the national anthem of the Philippines, and was legally defined as such in 1998.
- Agoncillo, Teodoro (1990) , History of the Filipino People (Eighth ed.), R.P. Garcia Publishing Company, ISBN 971-10-2415-2
- Borromeo, Soledad Masangkay; Borromeo-Buehler, Soledad (1998), The cry of Balintawak: a contrived controversy : a textual analysis with appended documents, Ateneo de Manila University Press, ISBN 978-971-550-278-8.
- Constantino, Renato (1975), The Philippines: A Past Revisited, ISBN 971-8958-00-2.
- Halili, Christine N; Halili, Maria Christine (2004), Philippine History, Rex Bookstore, Inc., ISBN 978-971-23-3934-9.