State of Maranhão (colonial)
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|State of Maranhão
Estado do Maranhão
|State of the Portuguese Empire|
|-||1706 - 1737||John V|
|-||1621 - 1622||Domingos da Costa Machado|
|-||1736 - 1737||João Alves de Carvalho|
With the creatition of the state, Portuguese America now had two administrative units: the State of Maranhão, with its capital in São Luís, and the State of Brazil, whose capital was São Salvador. After the 1670's, Belem became the operational base of the governors, and it was formally designated the capital ini 1737.
The purpose of creating this state was to improve military defense in the Northern Region and stimulate economic activities and regional trade with the mainland.
The State of Maranhão was extinguished in 1652 and in 1654 reconstituted as the State of Maranhão and Grão-Pará, or Estado do Maranhão e Grão-Pará. In 1751, the State of Maranhão and Grão-Pará had its name changed to State of Grão-Pará and Maranhão, and its capital was moved from São Luís to Belém.
The following captaincies formed the State of Maranhão. Ceará was later detached and became a satellite of Pernambuco, in the State of Brazil.
- Captaincy of Maranhão
- Captaincy of Pará
- Captaincy of Ceará (later became surbordinate to Pernambuco)
Donatary captaincies created
- Captaincy of Tapuitapera
- Captaincy of Caeté
- Captaincy of Cametá
- Captaincy of Cabo Norte (Amapá)
- Captaincy of Marajó
- Captaincy of Xingu