In July 2007, the Local Government Reform Commission released a report recommending a number of amalgamations of local government areas in Queensland. As a result, under the Local Government (Reform Implementation) Act 2007, on 15 March 2008, the new local government area of Roma Region was created, as an amalgamation of five previous local government areas:
The report recommended that the new local government area should not be divided into wards and elect eight councillors and a mayor. The Maranoa Region covers an area of 58,830 square kilometres (22,714 sq mi), and contains an estimated resident population in 2006 of 12,648, and has an operating budget of A$44.2m.
On 26 July 2009, Roma Region was renamed Maranoa Region.