|Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)|
|Energy||271 kJ (65 kcal)|
|Dietary fiber||1.3 g|
|Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database
Maranta arundinacea, also known as arrowroot maranta West Indian arrowroot, obedience plant, Bermuda arrowroot, araru, ararao or hulankeeriya, is a large, perennial herb found in rainforest habitats. It is cultivated for a starch obtained from the rhizomes (rootstock), which is called arrowroot. The name 'Arrowroot' lead many ayurveda doctors to use root stock of this plant instead of Curcuma angustifolia ("tikhur" in Hindi,"Koova" in Malayalam) a precious medicinal plant.
A perennial plant growing to about 2 feet (0.61 m) tall, arrowroot has small white flowers and fruits approximately the size and shape of currants. The rootstocks are dug when the plant is one year old, and often exceed 1 foot (30 cm) in length and 0.75 inches (19 mm) in diameter. They are yellowish white, jointed and covered with loose scales.
Maranta arundinacea is native to Mexico, Central America, the West Indies (Cuba, Hispaniola, Puerto Rico, Trinidad, Lesser Antilles) and South America (Brazil, Peru, Ecuador, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana). It is widely cultivated in the many warm countries and is considered naturalized in Jamaica, Bahamas, Bermuda, the Netherlands Antilles, India, Sri Lanka, China (Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, Yunnan), Kazan Rettō (火山列島), Mauritius, Réunion, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Florida, Cambodia, Indonesia and the Philippines. 
- "World Checklist of Selected Plant Species".
- "USDA GRIN Taxonomy".
- Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Arrow-Root". Encyclopedia Americana.
- Maranta arundinacea in Flora of North America
- Maranta arundinacea in Flora of China
- Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Maranta arundinacea
- Flora of China v 24, p 382, Maranta arundinacea
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