Marasmiaceae

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Marasmiaceae
Marasmius rotula - Lindsey.jpg
Marasmius rotula
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Marasmiaceae
Roze ex Kühner (1980)
Type genus
Marasmius
Fr. (1835)
Diversity
Over 50 genera, 1500+ species.
Synonyms[1]

Omphalotaceae Bresinsky 1985

The Marasmiaceae are a family of basidiomycete fungi which have white spores. They mostly have tough stems and the capability of shrivelling up during a dry period and later recovering. The widely consumed edible fungus Lentinula edodes, the shiitake mushroom, is a member of this family. According to a 2008 estimate, the family contains 54 genera and 1590 species.[2]

The family Omphalataceae, described by A. Bresinsky in 1985[3] as a segregate from the Tricholomataceae, is currently considered synonymous with Marasmiaceae.[1] Genera formerly included in that family (including Anthracophyllum, Gymnopus, Lentinula, Marasmiellus, Mycetinis, Rhodocollybia, Omphalotus) are now classified in the Marasmiaceae.

Genera[edit]

Further information: List of Marasmiaceae genera

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kirk et al., 2008, p. 481.
  2. ^ Kirk et al., 2008, p. 401.
  3. ^ Kämmerer A, Besl H, Bresinsky A. (1985). Omphalotaceae fam. nov. und Paxillaceae, ein chemotaxonomischer Vergleich zwier Pilzfamilien der Boletales. Pl. Syst. Evol. 150:101–17.
  • Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA. (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford: CABI. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8.