Marble Arch (Libya)

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German tanks recently arrived in Africa move through the Marble Arch in March 1941.

The Marble Arch (Italian: Arco dei Fileni), formerly known in Libya as El Gaus (i.e. The Arch), was a monument in Libya built during the days of Italian colonization. The arch marked the border between Italian Tripolitania and Cyrenaica, and was located on the Libyan Coastal Highway near Ra's Lanuf.[1] It was designed by architect Florestano Di Fausto in response to a request by the Italian Governor-General Italo Balbo. It was unveiled on 16 March 1937 in a lavish night ceremony attended by Benito Mussolini.

The arch was located some 30 km (19 mi) west of the possible borders between Carthage and Cyrene, which is located approximately halfway between Ra's Lanuf, and El Agheila.[1]

The arch was named after the legendary Philaeni brothers of Carthage. Remains of the two large bronze statues of the Philene brothers and parts of the marble reliefs are located in a small museum in Medinat Sultan, around 50 km from Sirte.

The arch stood 31 meters high, with an opening 15.75 meters high and 6.5 meters wide.

The arch had an inscription in Latin at the top of the structure which was taken from Horace's Carmen Saeculare. It read: Alme Sol, possis nihil urbe Roma visere maius which translates to: "Oh kind Sun, may you never look upon a city greater than Rome".

Marble Arch WWII

The arch was demolished by dynamite in the 1970s by the revolutionary regime of Muammar Gaddafi.



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Coordinates: 30°19′55.35″N 18°46′34.66″E / 30.3320417°N 18.7762944°E / 30.3320417; 18.7762944