Marble Cave, Kosovo
The entrance to the cave was discovered in 1966 by Ahmet Diti while he was building an extension to his house. The cave was opened to tourists in 1976. The total length of the cave is 1260 m and the tourist path is 440 m long. The air temperature ranges from 12 C to 15 C, the relative humidity is less than 100% and the air velocity is between 5 and 10 m/s.
The cave is believed to be formed starting in the Late epoch of the Cretaceous period some 80 million years ago.
The cave is made up of marble peaks formed by the metamorphosis of limestone, a very rare phenomenon. The following can be differentiated in the cave: the Entrance and Western, Northern and Eastern Galleries. Massive pillars are predominant in the halls while the ceiling is covered with stalactites. Many pillars reach heights of up to 5 meters and they are covered with spikes, which is a special oddity of the cave. Ornaments are in different colours, ranging from aragonite white crystal to red, with all shades in between these two contrasting colours. The cave has a freshwater lake measuring 20 meters in length.
Notes and references
|a.||^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Kosovo's independence has been recognised by 106 out of 193 United Nations member states.|
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