Marcano's solenodon

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Marcano's solenodon
Conservation status

Extinct  (1500s?) (IUCN 3.1)[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Soricomorpha
Family: Solenodontidae
Genus: Solenodon
Species: S. marcanoi
Binomial name
Solenodon marcanoi
(Patterson, 1962)

Marcano's solenodon (Solenodon marcanoi) was a species of mammal in the family Solenodontidae.[2] It is known only from skeletal remains found on the island of Hispaniola. The remains were found in association with those from rats of the genus Rattus, which suggests Marcano's solenodon survived until the time of European colonisation of the island. It was smaller than the two extant members of its genus.[1]

Like other Solenodon species, it was a nocturnal, burrowing, shrew-like mammal with a long snout, that fed on insects. Solenodons are among only a handful of mammals to have venomous bites.


  1. ^ a b Turvey, S. & Helgen, K. (2008). Solenodon marcanoi. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Retrieved 7 January 2009.
  2. ^ Hutterer, R. (2005). "Solenodon marcanoi". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M. Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 223. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.