Marcantonio Franceschini

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Apollo and Diana kill the python, paintings decorating the Liechtenstein Palace, Vienna (1692–1709)
Birth of Apollo and Diana, Liechtenstein Palace, Vienna
Venus and Adonis hunting, Liechtenstein Palace

Marcantonio Franceschini (Italian pronunciation: [markanˈtɔnjo frantʃesˈkini]; 1648 – 24 December 1729), was an Italian painter of the Baroque period, active mostly in his native Bologna. He was the father and teacher of Giacomo Franceschini.[1]

Biography[edit]

He was a pupil of Carlo Cignani, with whom he worked on the frescoes in the Palazzo del Giardino in Parma (1678–1681). He worked closely for many years with his brother-in-law, Luigi Quaini, who also was the cousin of Cignani.

Franceschini had a long career painting canvases on religious and mythological subjects for patrons throughout Europe. Franceschini decorated the ceilings of Palazzo Ranuzzi[2](1680) and Palazzo Marescotti Brazzetti (1682) in Bologna. He helped paint in the tribune at San Bartolomeo Porta Ravegnana (1690). Franceschini frescoed the ceiling of the Sala d'Onore ("Hall of Honor") in the Ducal Palace of Modena, commissioned in 1696 for the marriage of Rinaldo d'Este to Princess Charlotte Felicity of Brunswick. He painted the altarpiece in the Cathedral of Finale Ligure and the canvas of San Carlo in the church of the same name in Modena.

His massive program of historical and mythological scenes in the Sala del Maggior Consiglio of the Palazzo Ducale of Genoa (1701–1704) were destroyed by a fire in 1777. These had been completed with the help of Tommaso Aldrovandini, Quaini, and Antonio Meloni. In addition, his decorations of the pendentives and lunettes of the Cathedral of Piacenza were removed in the late 19th century. He decorated the church of Corpus Domini (1688–1694) in Bologna (damaged in World War II).

He painted 26 canvases of the seductions and loves of the goddesses Diana and Venus for the Prince Johann Adam of Liechtenstein in Vienna (1692–1700). He also served as a buyer of art for the Prince.

In Genoa, he also painted for the palaces Spinola and the Palazzo Pallavicini (now Podestà) (1715) of Genoa. The latter had five large canvases of the history of Diana.

Canvases of the four seasons (1716) are now found in the Pinacoteca di Bologna. There are two canvases of the Story of Rachel in the Pinacoteca B.P.E.R..

He painted the "cartoons" used to make the mosaic decoration of the Cappella del Coro in St. Peter's Basilica. Knighted by Pope Clement XI, he was founding a member and a subsequent director of the Clementine Academy in Bologna.

His paintings have an academic and idealist strain, even for a member of the Bolognese School of Painting. The sparse figures are severely arranged and often porcelain in features. He worked with a younger colleague, Donato Creti. His style is often classified as Barochetto, a mixture of baroque and rococo; but it also could be said the neoclassical influence of French artists was beginning to overtake the baroque tradition. Wittkower describes him as the "Bolognese Maratta".

Numerous painters worked and trained in his prolific studio. Among those who spent time as pupils, apprentices, or assistants were Tommaso Aldrovandini, Luca Antonio Bistoia, Giacomo Boni, Francesco Caccianiga, Ferdinando del Cairo, Antonio Cifrondi, Giacinto Garofalini, Carlo Cesare Giovannini, Ercole Graziani the elder, Girolamo Gatti, Pietro Gilardi, Giuseppe Marchesi (il Sansone), Michelangelo Monticelli, Giuseppe Pedretti, Pietro Francesco Prina, Antonio Rossi (painter), Gentile Zanardi, and his son Jacopo.[3]

The Dulwich Picture Gallery (London), the Honolulu Museum of Art, the Kunsthistorisches Museum (Vienna), the Liechtenstein Museum (Vienna), the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Musei Civici di Macerata (Italy), Museo Glauco Lombardi (Parma, Italy), the National Art Gallery of Bologna (Italy), Bojnice Castle (Slovakia) and the State Museums of Florence are among the public institutions holding paintings by Marcantonio Franceschini.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The picture collector's manual by James R. Hobbes London T&W Boone 1845 page 154 [1]
  2. ^ Palazzo Ranuzzi is now that of Giustizia.
  3. ^ Hobbes, James R. (1849). Picture collector's manual adapted to the professional man, and the amateur. T&W Boone, 29 Bond Street; Digitized by Googlebooks. p. 92. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Marcantonio Franceschini at Wikimedia Commons