Marcel Sembat

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Marcel Sembat

Marcel Sembat (19 October 1862 – 5 September 1922) was a French Socialist politician.[1] He served as a member of the National Assembly of France from 1893 to 1922, and as Minister of Public Works from August 26, 1914 to December 12, 1916.[1]

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Marcel Sembat was born on October 19, 1862 in Bonnières-sur-Seine, Seine-et-Oise, France.[1] He went to school in Mantes-la-Jolie, attended the Collège Stanislas in Paris and later received a PhD in Law.

Journalism[edit]

He started a career in journalism and co-founded the Revue de l'évolution.[1] From 1890 to 1897, he was the editor of La Petite République, created by Leon Gambetta. It was then that he became a Socialist.[1] He also wrote for La Revue socialiste, La Revue de l'enseignement primaire, Documents du Progrès, La Lanterne, Petit sou and Paris-Journal.[1] He later became an editor of L'Humanité.[1]

Politics[edit]

He served as member of the Chamber of Deputies of France from 1893 to 1922.[1] A socialist, he supported workers' rights during strikes.[1] He oversaw the construction of telephone cables from Brest, France to Dakar, Senegal.[1] He supported Algerians against French colonialists in French Algeria.[1] He was opposed to the presence of French Christian missionaries in China.[1]

He served as Minister of Public Works from 1914 to 1916, under Prime Ministers René Viviani and Aristide Briand.[1][2]

Personal life[edit]

On February 27, 1897, he married the Fauvist painter and sculptor Georgette Agutte.[1] He wrote a book about Henri Matisse.[1]

Death[edit]

He died of cerebral hemorrhage on September 5, 1922 in Chamonix, Haute-Savoie, France.[1]

Legacy[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Leur Bilan, quatre ans de pouvoir Clemenceau-Briand (Paris, Librairie du Parti socialiste S.F.I.O., 1910)
  • Faites un roi, sinon faites la paix (E. Figuière et Cie : Paris, 1911)
  • Henri Matisse, trente reproductions de peintures et dessins, précédées d'une étude critique par Marcel Sembat, de notices biographiques et documentaires (Paris : Éditions de la Nouvelle revue française, 1920)
  • La Victoire en déroute (prefaced by Léon Blum, Paris : Éditions du Progrès civique, 1925)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p National Assembly biography
  2. ^ Joel Colton, Leon Blum: Humanist in Politics, Duke University Press, 1987, p. 37 [1]
  3. ^ Lycée Marcel Sembat