Marceline, Missouri

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Marceline, Missouri
City
Location of Marceline, Missouri
Location of Marceline, Missouri
Coordinates: 39°42′52″N 92°56′51″W / 39.71444°N 92.94750°W / 39.71444; -92.94750Coordinates: 39°42′52″N 92°56′51″W / 39.71444°N 92.94750°W / 39.71444; -92.94750
Country United States
State Missouri
Counties Linn, Chariton
Government
 • Mayor Mark Hatfield
 • City Manager Luke C. Lewis
Area[1]
 • Total 3.32 sq mi (8.60 km2)
 • Land 3.28 sq mi (8.50 km2)
 • Water 0.04 sq mi (0.10 km2)
Elevation 863 ft (263 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 2,233
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 2,185
 • Density 680.8/sq mi (262.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 64658
Area code(s) 660
FIPS code 29-45866[4]
GNIS feature ID 0721859[5]
Website http://www.marceline.org

Marceline is a city in Chariton and Linn Counties in the U.S. state of Missouri. The population was 2,221 at the 2010 census.

History[edit]

In 1887 the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway began construction from Kansas City, Missouri to Chicago. A location was chosen as a terminal or division point between Kansas City and Fort Madison, Iowa, dividing the distance between Chicago and Kansas City into thirds. The division point was located a hundred miles northeast of Kansas City, in a sparsely populated settled prairie. It would serve as a location where trains could take on fuel, water, and fresh crews.[6][7]

On January 28, 1888 the first town lot was sold in the newly platted division point of the railway, later called Marceline. The community got its name at the request of one of the directors of the new railroad, whose wife bore the name Marcelina.[6][7] With a slight change, her name was attached to the new railroad city. The city was incotporated on March 6, 1888.[7] The city grew so rapidly that by summer, it boasted a population of 2,500. The main street of the city was called Santa Fe Avenue and intersected the train tracks. A street parallel to the rail lines,called Kansas Avenue, served as a commercial street.[7]

Marceline's population was about 2,500 people by 1900. It peaked at 4,000 people later in the 1900s decade.[7] Marceline is best known for being the boyhood hometown of Walt Disney. Elias Disney and his family settled there in April, 1906. On March 5, he bought a forty-acre farm. Its previous owner William E. Crane had died in November, 1905. Crane was a veteran of the American Civil War and his house predated the foundation of Marceline.[7] Although the family lived here for only four years, Disney's ties to Marceline are pronounced, with the elementary school and post office named for him. The town also provided inspiration for the film Lady and the Tramp. Disney recalled that by 1908, Marceline had only two cars.[8] One of the city's major events is September's ToonFest, to which well-known artists are invited.[9][10]

Marceline is also known as one of the towns along with Fort Collins, Colorado that inspired the design of Main Street, U.S.A. inside the main entrance of the many 'Disneyland'-style parks run by The Walt Disney Company around the world.[11] Because of the connections between Walt Disney and Marceline, the name of Main Street in Marceline is sometimes referred to as Main Street USA. Downtown Disney at the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California features a popular candy store known as Marceline's Confectionery, which is named after the town.[12]

Walsworth Publishing Company, established in 1937 and owned by Marceline's Walsworth family, employs hundreds of skilled laborers in its non-union Marceline printing press operation; the company publishes primarily high school and college yearbooks, while also holding market share in church directories and other large scale job printing operations.

At the 2000 census, Marceline was the second largest city of Linn County, Missouri.

Geography[edit]

Marceline is located at 39°42′52″N 92°56′51″W / 39.71444°N 92.94750°W / 39.71444; -92.94750 (39.714314, -92.947376).[13]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.32 square miles (8.60 km2), of which, 3.28 square miles (8.50 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 2,233 people, 970 households, and 606 families residing in the city. The population density was 680.8 inhabitants per square mile (262.9/km2). There were 1,151 housing units at an average density of 350.9 per square mile (135.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.0% White, 0.3% African American, 0.1% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.

There were 970 households of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 37.5% were non-families. 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.94.

The median age in the city was 39.8 years. 25.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.8% were from 25 to 44; 26% were from 45 to 64; and 18.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.6% male and 53.4% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 2,558 people, 1,079 households, and 690 families residing in the city. The population density was 787.1 people per square mile (303.9/km²). There were 1,237 housing units at an average density of 380.6/sq mi (147.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.20% White, 0.12% African American, 0.78% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.20% from other races, and 0.51% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.82% of the population.

There were 1,079 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.8% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.0% were non-families. 32.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 84.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,164, and the median income for a family was $35,948. Males had a median income of $26,786 versus $17,382 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,086. About 9.0% of families and 13.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.3% of those under age 18 and 19.5% of those age 65 or over.

Sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-30. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b Eaton, David Wolfe (1916). How Missouri Counties, Towns and Streams Were Named. The State Historical Society of Missouri. p. 188. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f Barrier (2007), p. 9-10
  8. ^ Barrier (2007), p. 12
  9. ^ http://www.waltdisneymuseum.org
  10. ^ "Walt Disney's Hometown Toonfest in Marceline, Missouri". Retrieved 19 May 2014. 
  11. ^ "Local History Archive Larimer Legends - Old Town & Disneyland - City of Fort Collins, Colorado". Library.ci.fort-collins.co.us. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  12. ^ http://disneyland.disney.go.com/shopping/marcelines-confectionery/
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 

External links[edit]