|Born||7 October 1863
|Died||24 October 1950
Trenton, New Jersey
|Fields||Genetics, Marine Biology|
|Institutions||Bryn Mawr College, Vassar College, Albertus Magnus College|
|Alma mater||Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Harvard University|
|Known for||comparative zoology,
embryology; first woman graduate of Massachusetts Institute of Technology
|Notable awards||Fellowship in Biology, Bryn Mawr College, 1887-1889|
Marcella Boveri (7 October 1863 – 24 October 1950) was an American biologist. She was married to the German biologist Theodor Boveri (1862–1915). Their daughter Margret Boveri (1900–1975) became one of the best-known post-war German journalists.
She was born Marcella O'Grady in Boston, the daughter of Irish immigrants. She attended Girls' High School in Boston. She was the first woman to graduate from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. After she completed her post-graduate studies in Harvard University O'Grady worked as an assistant to the zoologist Edmund Beecher Wilson at Bryn Mawr College in Pennsylvania. She was awarded the Fellowship in Biology for 1887-1889 for advanced study at Bryn Mawr College, a very rare award for a woman in those days. In 1889 she transferred as associate professor to Vassar College, and became full professor there in 1893. During this time O'Grady was very much in favour of encouraging women to study and advance themselves in higher education.
In 1896 she visited Würzburg, at a time when women were not allowed to study at university in Germany, where she met her future husband. She started a fresh course of studies there, the only woman at the university at that time, working together with Theodor Boveri. They married on 4 October 1897 at the Convent of the Good Shepherd in Troy, New York. Her daughter Margret was born on 14 August 1900.
Her husband died in 1915, from tuberculosis, which Marcella was convinced was aggravated by stress due to the First World War. She returned to the United States in 1925, where she worked at Albertus Magnus College until 1942. While there she translated The Origin of Malignant Tumors, an important book which she had co-written with her husband. She died in 1950 in Trenton, New Jersey.
- Ogilvie, Marilyn; Harvey, Joy, eds. (2000). The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science: Pioneering Lives from Ancient Times to the Mid-20th Century. London: Routledge. pp. 336–337.
- Baltzer, Fritz (1967), Theodor Boveri: The Life of a Great Biologist 1862-1915, retrieved 2007-07-22. Extract published in Gilbert, SF (2006), DevBio: a companion to Developmental Biology, 8th ed, Sinauer Associates
- Wright, Margaret A. (1997). "Marcella O'Grady Boveri: Her three careers in biology". Isis 88: 627–652. doi:10.1086/383849. JSTOR 237830.