Marcellin Champagnat

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Saint Marcellin Champagnat
Ravery, Portrait of Marcellin Champagnat, 1840.jpg
Official portrait of Marcellin Champagnat
Priest & Founder
Born (1789-05-20)20 May 1789
Marhles, France
Died (1840-06-06)6 June 1840
Marlhes, France
Venerated in Roman Catholicism
Beatified 29 May 1955, The Vatican by Pope Pius XII
Canonized 18 April 1999, The Vatican by Pope John Paul II
Feast 9 June
Attributes Compassion, Empathy
Patronage Education & Teachers

Saint Marcellin Joseph Benedict Champagnat (20 May 1789 – 6 June 1840) was born in Le Rosey, village of Marlhes, near St. Etienne (Loire), France. He was the founder of the Marist Brothers, a religious congregation of men in the Roman Catholic Church devoted to the Virgin Mary and dedicated to education.

Champagnat was ordained as a priest in 1816, and was part of a group led by Jean-Claude Colin which founded the Society of Mary, a separate religious congregation to the Marist Brothers teaching order Marcellin founded later.

St Marcellin Champagnat 1789–1840


Marcellin Champagnat

whose heart knew no bounds Feast Day June 6

Introduction

St Marcellin Champagnat founded our worldwide community of Brothers. He followed his calling from God with the simple and ordinary Christian faith in his heart together with hard work. His passion and love of God at once drove and comforted him throughout his life, while allowing him to live surrounded by those who loved him and all they had built together.

Early life

The son of French peasants, Marcellin was born in the village of Le Rosey near the city of Lyons in 1789. It was the year of the storming of the Bastille, the start of the French Revolution. The following decades were extremely difficult for the French. It was with this background of religious, political, economic and social unrest that heavily influenced the path to foundation of a religious order and Sainthood that Marcellin’s life led too.

Marcellin was a typical illiterate French peasant when as a young boy a visiting priest suggested that he might like to train for the Catholic priesthood. The family had little means to send their son to the seminary but they were as determined as the young Marcellin and before long he set out on his path. Marcellin found the early years of his studies towards the priesthood extremely difficult. He was no natural scholar but through sheer will and hard work combined with prayer and the never failing support of his mother and aunt he was finally ordained as a priest in 1816.

During his studies Marcellin and a group of other seminarians had discussed forming a religious order under the patronage of Mary, the mother of Jesus. This dream was realised in the church of Our Lady of Fourviéres above Lyons, the day after their ordination. The group of young men together dedicated themselves to Mary as "The Society of Mary".

The beginnings of Marcellin’s dream

Marcellin's first and, as it turned out,only appointment as assistant priest was to the remote rural community of La Valla, not far from his home. Marcellin’s personal charism and sincerity led him to be become popular and respected by this parishioners.

France had been at war almost continuously for 26 years and public education in rural areas had collapsed. This background of no schools or education system lead Marcellin into a life changing event. One day, a young man of the parish called him to the seventeen-year-old boy, Jean-Baptiste Montagne, who was dying. What affected Marcellin so profoundly about this meeting was that Jean-Baptiste had never learned the most basic elements of the Christian faith. To Marcellin, the death of Jean-Baptiste at only 17 and in almost complete ignorance of the Christian faith was a tragedy. He decided he must act to ensure others did not suffer the same fate. This event, more than any other, set Marcellin on the path which would lead him to found the Brothers.

In January 1817 Marcellin bought a simple house in La Valla and recruited two young men, Jean-Marie Granjon and Jean-Baptiste Audras. Like him, these young men were from peasant stock and together they formed the first community. The three of them came from humble backgrounds and were used to simple living and hard work. They carried this attitude into their new community, praying often and from their example others came to join them. In 1818 Marcellin opened the first Marist school whose timetable he designed in such a way to fit the farming needs of his parishioners (such as allowing children off school to help in the fields at planting and harvesting time). His fees for the school he set at a level he knew most rural families could meet. In fact, if he knew the family was unable to afford anything the tuition was free.


Marcellin and his community helped to support themselves and their school by doing what came naturally to them, they worked hard. The community carried out light manufacturing together such as forging nails which they sold. These efforts and living simply helped to pay for providing schools to the poorest.

From France to the world

Over the next 20 years Marcellin's recruits continued to increase in number and they first took the name of Brothers of Mary which eventually became Petits Frères de Marie or Little Brothers of Mary. (When they were officially approved by the Church they were given the name Fratres Maristae a Scolis having the initials FMS which which you find after Brothers’ names).To accommodate his growing congregation Marcellin began one of his greatest achievements: the building of a great stone house on a bare piece of land which would become the Hermitage. This first motherhouse of the Marist Brothers was largely designed and built by Marcellin.

By the time Marcellin died on June 6 1840, the order had 48 establishments in France and 278 Brothers. Today there are 5,100 Brothers working in over 80 countries. From small beginnings Marcellin’s dream grew and its influence spread to every continent in the world. It has reached to millions of students and their families, who proudly proclaim themselves ‘Marists’ or ‘Marist old boys’.

One of the proudest moments for the Brothers and Lay-Marists came in April 1999 when Marcellin was made a Saint (canonised) by Pope John Paul II. For this major event a special logo was chosen.

THE CANONISATION LOGO

The Logo that was chosen for the Canonisation of Marcellin consists of three interwoven symbols.

The letter "M" at the centre has been a special Marist symbol from the early days, suggesting Mary, Marcellin, Marist and Mission. Planet Earth symbolises a mission to the entire world, every country and every diocese without boundaries. The essential spiritual dimension of the mission is suggested by the halo which encircles and completes the image.==Early life== The son of French peasants, Marcellin was born on 20 May 1789 in the village of Le Rosey near the city of Lyons. Marcellin was baptized within twenty-four hours of his birth, on Ascension Thursday, 1789.[1] He was the ninth child of ten children of Jean-Baptiste and Marie Thérèse Chirat Champagnat. His father held an important position in local politics and he introduced Marcellin to many practical skills.[2][3] His paternal aunt, Louise Champagnat was a sister to Jean-Baptiste, and a religious Sister of Saint Joseph. She was expelled from her convent by the new government and sought sanctuary with his family during the days of revolutionary excess.

He attended school for a very brief time. He failed to demonstrate much capacity for academic work; the brutal treatment that teachers meted out to students also worked against his settling in. By age eleven, he had decided that he preferred farm work to the world of books.[4][5]

Marcellin was a typical illiterate French peasant when as a young boy a visiting priest suggested that he might like to train for the Catholic priesthood. When Marcellin decided to study for the priesthood, he set out to get an education, and enlisted the aid of his sister Marie-Anne’s husband, Benoît Arnaud. His brother-in-law, once a seminarian and now a teacher, was considered to be a well-educated, well-esteemed, and influential man. Marcellin moved to the town of St. Sauveur and lived with his sister and her family for some months during the years 1803, 1804, and 1805.[6] Marcellin found the early years of his studies towards the priesthood extremely difficult and he found it hard.[7]

Seminary and ordination[edit]

Life-size bronze statue of St Marcellin Champagnat outside Parramatta Marist High School by sculptor Linda Klarfeld

With money he earned from raising sheep, he went to the Minor Seminary at Verrières-en-Forez. He entered in October, 1805.[8] Older than many of his classmates, he failed his first year and was sent home. He was readmitted, through the efforts of his mother, his parish priest, and the superior of the seminary. [9]

Marcellin, who by this time had developed from being timid and shy into a gregarious young man, was known to frequent the local pubs. As a consequence, he was eventually regarded as a member of a group known as the “Happy Gang,” made up of seminarians who were a familiar sight in the taverns of the town during their free time.[10][11]

At the beginning of his second year, Marcellin settled down to a more sober life style. He continued to apply himself to his studies throughout his second year at the seminary. Two events, occurring during the summer following the second year, also helped to moderate his exuberanct behavior. The first was the sudden death on September 2, 1807 of his friend, Denis Duplay. The second was a serious conversation with Father Linossier, who supervised the seminary, about improving Marcellin's general conduct[11] Marcellin left Verrières for St. Irenaeus, the major seminary near Lyons.

He then attended the major seminary at Saint Irenaeus in Lyon for his spiritual and theological formation as a priest. Among his companions were Jean-Marie Vianney and Jean-Claude Colin.[12] He was no natural scholar but through hard work and the support of his mother and aunt he was finally ordained.[7]

It was here that the idea for the Society of Mary was conceived and promoted by a group of seminarians, including Marcellin. He was ordained on 22 July 1816, at the age of twenty-seven, and the next day, travelled to the shrine of Our Lady of Fourviéres above Lyons with others interested in establishing a Society of Mary. The group of young men together dedicated themselves to Mary as "The Society of Mary".[7] From the start, he announced the Society should include teaching Brothers to work with children deprived of Christian education in remote rural areas because others were not going to them.

Founding the Marist Brothers[edit]

Bust of Champagnat

After his ordination, Marcellin was appointed pastor in La Valla, on the slopes of Mont Pilat. Marcellin was struck by the isolation in which people lived. At the end of October 1816, after attending Jean-Baptist Montagne, a dying sixteen-year-old completely ignorant of basic Catholic teaching, Marcellin acted upon his conviction of the need for religious Brothers.[10]

On 2 January 1817, Marcellin encouraged two young men Jean-Marie Granjon and Jean-Baptiste Audras, to join him in forming the nucleus of the Marist Brothers. Others soon followed. La Valla thus became the birthplace of the Marist Brothers.[12] Between 1817 and 1824 he started a primary school at La Valla which became a teacher training centre for his young Brothers. The first Brothers were young country men, most of whom were between 15 and 18 years old. They were more used to hard work in the fields than to prayer, intellectual work and working with children and the uneducated.

Marcellin motivated these teenagers with his enthusiasm for teaching and spreading the gospel. He lived among them, like one of them. He taught them how to pray and to live in religious community as Brothers, and how to be teachers and religious educators themselves. Soon, he sent them into the most remote villages to teach the children, and sometimes the adults as well, the basics of religious knowledge, and of reading and writing.

In 1818 Marcellin opened the first Marist school whose timetable he designed in such a way to fit the farming needs of his parishioners (such as allowing children off school to help in the fields at planting and harvesting time). His fees for the school he set at a level he knew most rural families could meet. In fact, if he knew the family was unable to afford anything the tuition was free.[7] Champagnat had a great devotion to the Guardian angels, and directed that a picture of the Gardian Angel be placed in every classroom.[13]

Encouraged by the success of the school in La Valla, others were founded at Marlhes in 1819, in Saint-Sauveur-Street 1820, and in Bourg-Argental in 1822. But this success endangered the small congregation, which had little more than novices. In March 1822, eight applicants came from Haute-Loire, giving a new impetus to the institution, and allows the creation of new houses in Vanosc 1823, Saint-Symphorien-le-Chateau 1823, and Chavanay Charlieu 1824.

Champagnat decided to build a novitiate on land purchased from the hermitage at St. Chamond. One sign of both his trust in God and the huge success the Brothers had become, was the building being designed to accommodate 150 people. The chapel was blessed on 13 August 1825. In 1837, Champagnat printed a Rule for his Brothers. Exhausted by his travels and his incessant efforts to gain recognition for his work with the authorities in Paris, and having been sick for a long time, Champagnat began preparing for his succession and Brother Francis was elected as Marcellin's replacement, on 12 October 1838.

Final years[edit]

Statue of Champagnat at Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

After a long and painful illness, Champagnat died of cancer on 6 June 1840,[10] aged 51, at Our Lady of the Hermitage in the Gier River valley about 30 kilometres from where he had commenced his work. He was buried on 8 June. He left this message in his Spiritual Testament of 18 May 1840: "Let there be among you just one heart and one mind. Let it always be said of the Little Brothers of Mary as it was of the early Christians: See how they love one another!"[14] By that time there were 278 Brothers and 48 Marist schools in France and Oceania (South Pacific), and by 1856 there were 300 houses and more than 1500 Brothers.

The Marist Brothers Institute was not formally approved until 1863 by Pope Pius IX. The educational philosophy of Champagnat was simple: to teach children one must love them, and secular subjects should be well taught as a means of children to the schools, where they would learn the basic elements of their faith. Champagnat saw God at the centre of life and the Virgin Mary as a sure means of attracting people to God.

Veneration[edit]

Marcellin Champagnat was declared Venerable in 1920 by Pope Benedict XV beatified by Pope Pius XII on 29 May 1955, and canonised by Pope John Paul II on April 18, 1999. His feast day is observed in the Roman Catholic Church on 6 June.[2]

Quotes[edit]

To raise children, we must love them and love them equally forever.

I cannot see a child without wanting to tell them how much God loves them.[12]

Let there be among you just one heart and one mind. Let it always be said of the Little Brothers of Mary as it was of the early Christians: See how they love one another!

Legacy[edit]

  • At their most numerous the Marist Brothers numbered about 10,000 in 2005 there were around 5,000 brothers in 74 countries.[15]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Furet, Br. John-Baptist (1989). Life of Blessed Marcellin Joseph Benedict Champagnat, 1789-1840, Marist Priest: Founder of the Congregation of the Little Brothers of Mary (Bicentenary ed.). General House, 2 Piazzale Champagnat - Rome, Italy: Institute of the Marist Brothers of the Schools or Little Brothers of Mary. 
  • Sammon, Sean (2000). A heart that knew no bounds: The life and mission of Saint Marcellin Champagnat. New York: Alba House. ISBN 0-8189-0834-3. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Marcellin Champagnat. A man for our times. Br. Giorgio Diamant and Mario Meuti, Elio Dotti. GRAFISTAR - Giugliano (Napoli).
  • Br. Jose M. Ferre, fms. Letters to a young friend by Marcellin Champagnat.Marist Brothers of Schools. Marist Publications.
  • McMahon, FMS, Brother Frederick. Strong Mind, Gentle Heart. (Drummoyne, NSW: Marist Brothers, 1988).
  • Farell FMS, Brother Stephen. Achievement from the Depths. (Drummoyne, NSW: Marist Brothers, 1984).

External links[edit]