March 14 Alliance

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March 14 Alliance
Founded 2005; 9 years ago (2005)
Ideology Anti-Syrian government
Seats in the Parliament of Lebanon:
60 / 128
Website
14march.org
Coat of arms of Lebanon.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Lebanon

The March 14 Alliance (Arabic: تحالف 14 آذارTaḥāluf 14 Adhār), named after the date of the Cedar Revolution, is a coalition of political parties and independents in Lebanon formed in 2005 that are united by their anti-Syrian regime stance and their opposition to the pro-Syrian regime March 8 Alliance. It is led by MP Saad Hariri, younger son of Rafik Hariri, the assassinated former prime minister of Lebanon, as well as other figures such as Amine Gemayel, president of the Kataeb Party.

Parties that left the alliance[edit]

The Free Patriotic Movement of General Michel Aoun left the informal grouping before the 2005 general election, before March 14 was an established alliance, due to major disagreements. After the 2005 elections, The Free Patriotic Movement was alone in the opposition, but was joined one year later by the pro-Syrian government March 8 Alliance in November 2006.[citation needed]

The Progressive Socialist Party left the 14 March movement in August 2011.[citation needed]

Foreign Alliances[edit]

While the 14th of March Alliance accuses the 8th of March Alliance of being proxies of the respective regimes of Iran and Syria, likewise, the 14 of March Coalition is accused of being a puppet alliance guided by the American administration and funded by the Saudi government.

2006 Lebanon War[edit]

On the 12th of July 2006, the 2006 Lebanon War started. During the war, the 14 of March Coalition took a stance against Hezbollah accusing the armed party of causing the war on Lebanon. However, Hezbollah claimed that such a war was already preplanned and was supposed to be waged on September during the annual rally Hezbollah holds on the International Qods (Jerusalem) Day.

The 14th of March coalition, amidst the war, urged Hezbollah to hand over their weapons, accusing the party of causing the war on Lebanon.

During the first few days of the war, former US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice visited Beirut and held a meeting with the 14th of March coalition and declared afterwards that a new Middle East will be born after this war, saying: "It's time for a new Middle East". Rice and Fouad as-Sanyoura met during her visit to Lebanon.

Claims[edit]

The principal political claims of the March 14 Alliance are:

Member parties[edit]

Party Arabic name Ideology Major demographic base Seats in Parliament (after 2009 election)
Future Movement Tayyar Al Mustaqbal
تيار المستقبل
Liberalism Sunni Muslim 26
Lebanese Forces al-quwāt al-lubnāniyah
القوات اللبنانية
Christian democracy Maronite Christian 8
Kataeb Party al-Kataeb al-Lubnāniyya
حزب الكتائب اللبنانية
Falangism Maronite Christian 5
Social Democrat Hunchakian Party Hizb al-Henchag
حزب الهنشاق
(حزب الهنشاق الديمقراطي الإجتماعي)
Social democracy Armenian 2
Armenian Democratic Liberal Party - Ramgavar Hizb al-Ramgavar
حزب الرمغفار
(الحزب الديمقراطي الليبرالي الأرمني)
Liberalism Armenian 1
National Liberal Party Hizb al-Wataniyyin al-Ahrar
حزب الوطنيين الأحرار
National liberalism Maronite Christian 1
Democratic Left Movement Harakat Al-Yassar ll-Dimoqrati
حركة اليسار الديمقراطي
Democratic socialism Secular 1
Islamic Group Al-Jamaa Al-Islamiya
الجماعة الإسلامية
Islamism Sunni Muslim 1
Democratic Renewal Harakat al-Tajaddod al-Dimoqrati
حركة التجدد الدمقراطي
Liberalism Secular 0
Lebanese National Bloc Hizb al-Kitla al-Wataniya
حزب الكتلة الوطنية
Conservatism Maronite Christian 0
Independence Movement Harakat Al-Istiklal
حركة الإسنقلال
Conservatism Maronite Christian 0
Free Shiite Movement Tayyar el-Shi'i el-Horr
التيار الشيعي الحرّ
Islamic liberalism Shiite Muslim 0
Syriac Union of Lebanon Hizb al Ittihad al Siryāni
حزب الاتحاد السرياني
Assyrianism Syriac/Assyrian 0
Shuraya Party Hizb Al-Shurāya Assyrianism Assyrian 0
Lebanese Peace Party Hizb as-Salām al-Lubnāny
حزب السلام اللبناني
Pacifism Secular 0

External links[edit]