March 14 Alliance

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March 14 unified
Founded 2005; 9 years ago (2005)
Ideology Anti-Syrian government
Political position Big tent
(Right-wing to the Centre-left)
Seats in the Parliament of Lebanon:
60 / 128
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The March 14 Alliance (Arabic: تحالف 14 آذارTaḥāluf 14 Adhār), named after the date of the Cedar Revolution, is a coalition of political parties and independents in Lebanon formed in 2005 that are united by their anti-Syrian regime stance, led by MP Saad Hariri, younger son of Rafik Hariri, the assassinated former prime minister of Lebanon, as well as other figures such as Amine Gemayel, president of the Kataeb Party.

Constituent parties[edit]

Party Arabic name Seats in Parliament (after 2009 election) Demographic base
Future Movement Tayyar Al Mustaqbal
تيار المستقبل
26 Secular; Mainly Sunni Muslim.
Independents 13
Lebanese Forces al-quwāt al-lubnāniyah
القوات اللبنانية
8 Secular; Maronite.
Lebanese Phalanges al-Kataeb al-Lubnāniyya
حزب الكتائب اللبنانية
5 Mainly Maronite Christian
Social Democrat Hunchakian Party Hizb al-Henchag
حزب الهنشاق
(حزب الهنشاق الديمقراطي الإجتماعي)
2 Secular, Armenian
National Liberal Party Hizb al-Wataniyyin al-Ahrar
حزب الوطنيين الأحرار
1 Maronite Christian
Democratic Left Harakat Al-Yassar ll-Dimoqrati
حركة اليسار الديمقراطي
1 Secular
Islamic Group Al-Jamaa Al-Islamiya
الجماعة الإسلامية
1 Sunni Muslim
Armenian Democratic Liberal Party - Ramgavar Hizb al-Ramgavar
حزب الرمغفار
(الحزب الديمقراطي الليبرالي الأرمني)
1 Secular, Armenian
Independence Movement Harakat Al-Istiklal
حركة الإسنقلال
0 Officially Secular; Mainly Maronite Christian
Democratic Renewal Harakat al-Tajaddod al-Dimoqrati
حركة التجدد الدمقراطي
0 Secular
Lebanese National Bloc Hizb al-Kitla al-Wataniya
حزب الكتلة الوطنية
0 Officially secular; mainly Maronite Christian
Free Lebanese Armenian Movement Harakit Al-Lubnaniyin Al-Arman Al-Ahrar
حركة اللبنانيين الأرمن الأحرار
0 Secular, Armenian
Free Shiite Movement Tayyar el-Shi'i el-Horr
التيار الشيعي الحرّ
0 Shiite Muslim
Lebanese Peace Party Hizb as-Salām al-Lubnāny
حزب السلام اللبناني
0 Secular
Muahedeen Group Jamaat Al-Muahedeen
جماعة الموحدين
0 Mainly Druze
Syriac Union of Lebanon Hizb al Ittihad al Siryāni
حزب الاتحاد السرياني
0 Syriac Christian
Shuraya Party Hizb Al-Shurāya 0 Assyrian

Parties that left the alliance[edit]

The Free Patriotic Movement of General Michel Aoun left the informal grouping before the 2005 general election, before March 14 was an established alliance, due to major disagreements. After the 2005 elections, The Free Patriotic Movement was alone in the opposition, but was joined one year later by the pro-Syrian government March 8 Alliance in November 2006.[citation needed]

The Progressive Socialist Party left the 14 March movement in August 2011.[citation needed]

External links[edit]