March 18 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)

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Mar. 17 - Eastern Orthodox Church calendar - Mar. 19

All fixed commemorations below are observed on March 31 by Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar.[note 1]

For March 18th, Orthodox Churches on the Old Calendar commemorate the Saints listed on March 5.

Saints[edit]

Pre-Schism Western Saints[edit]

Post-Schism Orthodox Saints[edit]

New Martyrs and Confessors[edit]

Other Commemorations[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The notation Old Style or (OS) is sometimes used to indicate a date in the Julian Calendar (which is used by churches on the "Old Calendar").
    The notation New Style or (NS), indicates a date in the Revised Julian calendar (which is used by churches on the "New Calendar").
  2. ^ There are references to "ten thousand holy martyrs" in hagiography given on various dates, including March 18th, June 1st, and June 22nd, as follows:
    • The Roman Martyrology has a matching entry to the Synaxarion for March 18th as follows: "At Nicomedia, ten thousand holy martyrs, who were put to the sword for the confession of Christ."[3]
    • Furthermore, there is an additionional entry in the Great Synaxaristes for June 1st: "The Holy Ten Thousand Martyrs in Antiochia, under the Roman Emperor Decius".[4]
    • And there is another entry in the Roman Martyrology mentioning "ten thousand holy martyrs" occurring on June 22: "On Mt. Ararat, the martyrdom of ten thousand holy martyrs, who were crucified."[5]
  3. ^ "AT Jerusalem, St. Cyril, bishop and doctor, who suffered many injuries from the Arians for the faith. Often exiled from his church, he at length rested in peace with a great reputation for sanctity. A magnificent testimony of the purity of his faith is given by a general Council, in a letter to Pope Damasus."[3]
  4. ^ "Aninus was born in Chalcedon. He was of short stature as was Zacchaeus of old but great in spirit and faith. He withdrew from the world in his fifteenth year and settled in a hut near the Euphrates river where he prayed to God and atoned for his sins, at first with his teacher Mayum and, after his death, alone. Through the power of his prayers, he replenished a dry well with water, healed the sick of various maladies and tamed wild beasts. A trained lion accompanied him and was at his service at all times. He discerned the future. When Pionius, a stylite,was attacked and badly beaten by robbers some distance away from Aninus, Pionius decided to descend from the pillar and proceed to complain to the judges. St. Aninus "discerned the soul" of this stylite and his intention. He sent a letter to Pionius, by his lion, counseling him to abandon his intention, to forgive his assailants and to continue in his asceticism. His charity was inexpressible. The Bishop of Neo-Caesarea (Patricios) presented him with a donkey in order to ease the burden of carrying water from the river, but he gave the donkey to a needy man who had complained to him about his poverty. The bishop presented him with another donkey and he gave that one away. Finally, the bishop gave him a third donkey, not only to serve as a water-carrier but one that Aninus was to care for and to return. Before his death Aninus saw Moses, Aaron and Or [Egyptian Ascetic, or Hur: Ex. 24:14] approaching him, and they called out to him, "Aninus, the Lord is calling you, arise and come with us." He revealed this to his disciples and gave up his soul to the Lord, Whom he faithfully served. He was one-hundred ten years old when his earthly life was ended."[13]
  5. ^ "At Augsburg, St. Narcissus, bishop, who was the first to preach the Gospel in the Tyrol. Afterwards, setting out for Spain, he converted many to the faith of Christ at Gerona, where, with the deacon Felix, he received the palm of martyrdom during the persecution of Diocletian."[3]
  6. ^ "At Lucca, in Tuscany, the birthday of the holy bishop Frigdian, who was illustrious by the power of working miracles. His feast is more especially celebrated on the 18th of November, when his body was translated."[3]
  7. ^ The son of Edgar the Peaceful, he became King of England at the age of thirteen, in 978 he was murdered by plotters at Corfe and buried in Wareham in Dorset. He was at once acclaimed as a martyr. His relics are venerated in an Orthodox church in Surrey to this day.[15]
  8. ^ "In England, the holy King Edward, who was assassinated by order of his treacherous stepmother, and became celebrated for many miracles."[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι μύριοι Μάρτυρες. 18 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  2. ^ The 10,000 Martyrs of Nicomedia. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  3. ^ a b c d e f The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp.79-80.
  4. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι δέκα χιλιάδες Μάρτυρες. 1 Ιουνίου. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  5. ^ The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. p.181.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i March 18/March 31. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU)
  7. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Οἱ Ἅγιοι Εὐκαρπίων καὶ Τρόφιμος οἱ Μάρτυρες καὶ οἱ σὺν αὐτοῖς Μαρτυρήσαντες. 18 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  8. ^ Martyr Trophimus of Nicomedia. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  9. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Κύριλλος Πατριάρχης Ἱεροσολύμων. 18 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  10. ^ St Cyril the Archbishop of Jerusalem. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  11. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Ἀνανίας ὁ Θαυματουργός. 18 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  12. ^ Venerable Aninas of the Euphrates. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  13. ^ Bishop Nikolai Velimirovch. March 18. The Prologue from Ohrid (Serbian Orthodox Church Diocese of Western America). Retrieved: 2013-03-25.
  14. ^ The Monk Daniel. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  15. ^ a b c d March 18. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  16. ^ a b c d March 31 / March 18. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  17. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ἅγιος Ἐδουάρδος βασιλέας τῆς Ἀγγλίας. 18 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  18. ^ Great Synaxaristes: (Greek) Ὁ Ὅσιος Κύριλλος τοῦ Ἀστραχάν. 18 ΜΑΡΤΙΟΥ. ΜΕΓΑΣ ΣΥΝΑΞΑΡΙΣΤΗΣ.
  19. ^ The Monk Kirill (Cyril) of Astrakhan. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  20. ^ a b (Russian) 18 марта (ст.ст.) 31 марта 2013 (нов. ст.). Русская Православная Церковь Отдел внешних церковных связей. (DECR).
  21. ^ Dr. Alexander Roman. March. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  22. ^ Complete List of Saints. Protection of the Mother of God Church (POMOG).
  23. ^ Repose of St Nicholas of Zhicha. OCA - Lives of the Saints.
  24. ^ The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p.22.

Sources[edit]

  • March 18/March 31. Orthodox Calendar (PRAVOSLAVIE.RU).
  • March 31 / March 18. HOLY TRINITY RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH (A parish of the Patriarchate of Moscow).
  • Complete List of Saints. Protection of the Mother of God Church (POMOG).
  • March 18. OCA - The Lives of the Saints.
  • Dr. Alexander Roman. March. Calendar of Ukrainian Orthodox Saints (Ukrainian Orthodoxy - Українське Православ'я).
  • The Autonomous Orthodox Metropolia of Western Europe and the Americas (ROCOR). St. Hilarion Calendar of Saints for the year of our Lord 2004. St. Hilarion Press (Austin, TX). p.22.
  • March 18. Latin Saints of the Orthodox Patriarchate of Rome.
  • The Roman Martyrology. Transl. by the Archbishop of Baltimore. Last Edition, According to the Copy Printed at Rome in 1914. Revised Edition, with the Imprimatur of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons. Baltimore: John Murphy Company, 1916. pp.79-80.

Greek Sources

Russian Sources