March 2006 Consistory

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The March 2006 Consistory, held on 24 March, was the first consistory where Pope Benedict XVI created new cardinals.

The announcement was made on 22 February that fifteen new cardinals would be created that year. 12 of them are under 80 years old, which is the age limit for participating in a conclave. This means that Benedict XVI has decided to continue with the tradition of having 120 cardinals, which was previously the practice, but had been discontinued by John Paul II.

During the consistory, fifteen red cardinals' hats were taken in a ceremony in St. Peter's Square. After the liturgical prayers and Pope's address, the candidates kneeled before the Pope's biretta and took their cardinal titles. This was followed by prayers of thanksgiving, intercession, the Lord's Prayer, and other prayers.

Three of the cardinals belong to the Roman Curia, and nine others lead bishoprics. The fifteen new cardinals come from eleven different countries.

One of the cardinals who took part in the consistory, Father Albert Vanhoye, is not a bishop. Benedict XVI has followed tradition by naming a foremost theologian in the consistory. The Pope can choose whether or not to ordain the candidate as bishop. The two others are emeritus bishops.

Name Born / died Country Other information
William Joseph Levada 1936– USA Prefect of Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith
Franc Rodé C.M. 1934– Slovenia Prefect of Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life
Agostino Vallini 1940– Italy Prefect of Apostolic Signatura
Jorge Urosa 1942– Venezuela Archbishop of Valencia in Venezuela
Gaudencio B. Rosales 1932– The Philippines Archbishop of Manila
Jean-Pierre Ricard 1944– France Archbishop of Bordeaux
Antonio Cañizares Llovera 1945– Spain Archbishop of Toledo
Nicolas Cheong Jin-suk 1931– South Korea Archbishop of Seoul
Sean Patrick O'Malley O.F.M.Cap. 1944– USA Archbisop of Boston
Stanislaw Dziwisz 1939– Poland Archbishop of Kraków
Carlo Caffarra 1938– Italy Archbishop of Bologna
Joseph Zen Ze-kiun S.D.B. 1932– People's Republic of China / Hong Kong Bishop of Hong Kong
Andrea Cordero Lanza di Montezemolo 1927– Italy
Peter Poreku Dery 1918–2008 Ghana
Albert Vanhoye S.J. 1923– Belgium/France

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