Marching Chiefs

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FSU Marching Chiefs
FSU Marching Chiefs 9-6-08 Guitar Hero Show.jpg
School Florida State University
Location Tallahassee, FL
Conference ACC
Founded 1939
Director Patrick Dunnigan
Assistant director David Plack
Members 400
Website Official website

The "World-Renowned" Marching Chiefs is the official marching band of the Florida State University. The band has served in this capacity since the 1940s and continues to perform at all home football games as well as several away games each year. There are 470 members, or Chiefs, as members are sometimes known, in the band who hail from almost every academic department within the university.

History[edit]

The first appearance of a formal band was organized in the late 1930s by Charlotte Cooper, Jean Hitchcolk, Allice Ludlaw, and director Owen F. Sellars. The band, which consisted of less than twenty students, performed at the Odds and Evens intramural football game on Thanksgiving Day 1939. The following year the Florida Flambeau ran an announcement of try-outs for the now established band.[1] In 1942 Sellars took military leave for World War II and Frank Sykora became the interim director. The same year uniforms were purchased and worn for the first time at the inauguration of Doak S. Campbell as the new college president. 1946 saw the first option for students to take marching band for credit.

Marching Chiefs performing at the UF game in 1981

In 1947 the Florida State College for Women officially became Florida State University and the university was changed to coeducational by an act of the Florida Legislature.[2] With the change to a coed school came the introduction of a male football team which competed in a five-game season. The marching band performed at the games and practiced on Landis Green under Robert Smith. 1949 saw a new director for the band, Robert T. Braungel, and the new, official name of "Marching Chiefs.[3] The name was chosen by a newspaper survey sponsored by the Student Government Association. The first appearance of the newly christened Marching Chiefs was at Stetson University.[4] Dr. Manley R Whitcomb became the new director of the Marching Chiefs in 1953 after transferring from Ohio State University and joining the FSU faculty.[5] Dr. Whitcomb brought with him a talented young arranger by the name of Charles Carter who became the official arranger of the Marching Chiefs. Carter's arrangements gave the Marching Chiefs a distinctive style that survives to this day.[6] Whitcomb also brought with him the traditional eight-to-five step, fast marching tempos, and the high step with arm swing now known as "Chief Step."

The 1949-50 football season saw the Seminoles' and the Marching Chief's first appearances in a postseason bowl game at the Cigar Bowl in Tampa, FL.[7] 1954 marked the Seminoles next appearance at in a bowl at the Sun Bowl in El Paso, Texas.[8][9] The Miami Daily News proclaimed, "FSU's bid to Sun Bowl clinched by Marching Chiefs." In the spring of 1955 FSU received a charter of Kappa Kappa Psi honorary band fraternity. The brothers of KKPsi, as the organization is commonly known, produced a newsletter named The Chieftain which aimed to keep band members informed of upcoming events and activities. In 1956 Charlie Carter arranged J. Dayton Smith's The Hymn to the Garnet and the Gold for band. The Charlie Carter arrangement had its premier performance at the 1958 homecoming game.[10]

The in-state rivalry of the Seminoles and the Gators began with their first match in 1958. It was not until 1964 that the annual game alternated between schools.[11] 1969 saw the beginning of a new tradition for the Marching Chiefs with the newly created Band Alumni Association putting graduates of the Marching Chiefs onto the field for halftime.[12] 1971 was another big year for the Marching Chiefs. It saw Richard Mayo, an FSU alumnus and former drum major, take over direction of the Chiefs in a year in which membership grew to over 200 students.[13] The Marching Chiefs were also finalists in the Best College Marching Band contest on ABC-TV which established their reputation as one of the nation's finest marching bands. It also was the year that the Marching Chiefs took on the titled of "World-Renowned." The Chiefs performed at the International Trade Fair in Damascus, Syria as a guest of State Department.[14] While in the Middle East, Chiefs performed in Amman, Jordan as a command performance for King Hussein.

"Marching Chiefs" displayed on a Display Screen

Color guard auxiliary was added in 1970. 1976 was the one-year term of William Raxdale as director of the Chiefs. He introduced a corps-style drill which included the glide step. The Chiefs performed the same show at every game during the '76 football season. Bentley Shellahamer, another Chiefs alumnus, took over directorship and reinstated the Chiefs' traditional style of marching.[15] In 1978 Chiefs performed their second of many NFL performance during a game for the New Orleans Saints.[16] Chiefs surpassed 300 members during the 1981 football season which was marked by a trip to Ohio State University. Dr. Whitcomb conducted the combined bands in a performance of the National Anthem which Dr. Shellahamer described as the "ultimate experience."[17] 1981 was also the year that alumnus Dave Westberry took on the role of the "Voice of the Marching Chiefs." The next year Andre Arrouet became interim director while Dr. Shellahamer took leave to work on his doctorate at Ohio State.

In 1982, Sports Illustrated featured the Marching Chiefs in an eight page picture spread in which it was declared that, "Florida State occasionally may lose a football game, but never a halftime show" (December 6, 1982).[18] This is the origin of the unofficial nickname of the Marching Chiefs as "The band that never lost a halftime." Also in 1982 was the addition of the yearly Prism Concert to be included with the annual Tri-State Band Festival and Conducting Conference. Dr. Shellahamer resumed directorship in 1984 and Chiefs, along with the Gator Band performed at Super Bowl XVIII in Tampa, FL.[19] 1988 saw the Marching Chiefs hit another membership milestone when it reached 400 students, thus making Chiefs the world's largest collegiate marching band. In 1989 Chiefs got a new director, Robert Sheldon, and new uniforms. Though not successful at the time, there was an effort by band members to dedicate the Chiefs' practice field the Manley Whitcomb Memorial Field. [20]

1991 began the current era of the Marching Chiefs. Patrick Dunnigan gained directorship of the band and was instrumental in the production of the Chiefs' first CD, Our Best Foot Forward. Though currently commonplace, the CD was the first end-of-season CD recording of a college marching band. The next year was Charlie Carter's 40th year at FSU and was celebrated by a special halftime show in his honor. 1993 was another momentous year, beginning with a trip to East Rutherford, New Jersey for the Kickoff Classic against the University of Kansas Jayhawks.[21] Doak Campbell Stadium was also renovated before this season including a section was added in the south end zone for the Chiefs and the new "Elephant Doors" underneath the section.[22] The Homecoming Show celebrated 50 years of bands at FSU. To end the season the Marching Chiefs participated in FSU's first National Championship win over the University of Nebraska Cornuskers.[23]

The Marching Chiefs prior to the 2010 ACC Championship Game

The Chiefs renewed their "World-Renowned" title in 1997 when they traveled to London, England to perform a halftime show for a game of the World Football League's London Monarchs.[24] The following season Dunnigan took leave to pursue a doctorate at the University of Texas and Dr. John L. Baker served as interim director. In 1998 the Marching Chiefs found themselves heading to Tempe, Arizona for another shot at the National championship but lost to the Tennessee Volunteers in the Fiesta Bowl.[25] The newly hooded Dr. Dunnigan returned for the 1999 season which ended with a National Championship win against the Virginia Tech Hokies in the Sugar Bowl.[26][27]

Though the movement had begun long before, in 2002 the Marching Chiefs' practice field was named in honor of Manley Whitcomb. In 2005, a donation of over $350,000 was made to the university by Bill Harkins for a new practice field for the Marching Chiefs. This allowed Chiefs to start off the '05 season with a new, artificial turf field to march on. The field, Bill Harkins field at the Manley R. Whitcomb Band Complex, is an exact replica of the appearance of Bobby Bowden Field on game day complete with Seminole head.[28] This new field replaced a grass field which was known for less-than-ideal conditions.[29] In 2009 The Marching Chiefs hit 460 members allowing it to retain the title as the world's largest collegiate marching band.

Work on the Manley Whitcomb Band Complex was finally completed in time for the 2013 homecoming game. On November 15th, 2013 the new field house and ceremonial arch were dedicated by Dr. Dunnigan.[30] The new building will serve as storage facilities for the equipment that the Marching Chiefs use on a daily basis during marching season. As part of an effort to keep the band in tip-top condition, a fund was started in 2013 to replace many of the aging instruments that are used by members of the band who don't own their own.[31] When the 2013 Seminoles football team made it to the National Championship game the Marching Chiefs traveled with them to Pasadena for the Rose Bowl and contributed to the school's third national championship.[32]

Try-outs and rehearsals[edit]

Aspiring members of the Marching Chiefs complete a week of Preseason Training that begins with a music audition. Following the music audition is a process of learning how to march as a Chief for rookies and a three-day refresher for veterans. After being taught how to march, the week concludes with the marching audition. The playing audition and marching audition each account for 50% of the total audition score which assists in completing the official Marching Chiefs "Block List." Anyone who wishes to be a member of the Marching Chiefs in a given year, new and returning, must audition to be in the band each year.[33][34]

The band institutes an "alternate" system due to the number of members and the limitations of drill. Members declared alternates share their field position with another member and perform the pregame and/or halftime show every other football game. The number of alternates varies by section and by year.

Marching Chiefs rehearse for two hours on Monday through Friday from 4pm to 6pm. On game days, the band has early morning Continuity rehearsals to review the halftime show and pregame.

Drum majors[edit]

Drum Majors and Assistant Drum Majors of the Marching Chiefs fulfill ceremonial as well as musical positions of leadership within the band. One of the most significant and visible responsibilities of the Drum Major is the pre-game strut, which includes a 40-yard strut and mace toss prior to the beginning of the Marching Chiefs' pre-game show. This tradition began with Jim Bruce during his tenure as Drum Major in the late 1970s. Over the years, Marching Chiefs added the position of Assistant Drum Major (and later a second) to serve as an additional field commander and conductor. For halftime and special appearances, the Drum Major dresses in a uniform designed in the likeness of the Seminole Indian Tribe, incorporating designs and colors representative of traditional tribal attire.

Season Head Drum Major Assistant Drum Major Assistant Drum Major
1958 Terry Johnson
1969 Herschel Beazley
1971 George Rosete
1972 Tom Drick
1973 Tom Drick
1974 Robert Duke
1975 Robert Duke
1976 Chris Dickinson
1977 James Bruce
1978 James Bruce
1979 James Bruce John Alton Thompson
1980 Ken Williams Craig Lawrence
1981 Ken Williams Joe Bowens
1982 Keith Peterson William Faucett
1983 William Faucett Joseph Little
1984 William Faucett Rodney Dorsey
1985 Rodney Dorsey Paige McKay
1986 Rodney Dorsey Steven Oser
1987 Rodney Dorsey Mary Lyle Scott
1988 Tyrone Adkins Claudine Cacioli
1989 Tyrone Adkins Claudine Cacioli
1990 Claudine Cacioli Gregory Johns
1991 Rojay Evans Gregory Johns
1992 Gregory Johns Jonathan Schwartz
1993 Jonathan Schwartz Daniel Oser
1994 Michael Chiaro Brad Wharton
1995 Amie Benedetto Eric Allen
1996 Brad Wharton Eric Allen Amie Benedetto
1997 Eric Allen David Hedgecoth Kelly Monroe
1998 David Hedgecoth Cindy Henman Ernesta Suarez
1999 Chad Temple1 Jeremy Brewer Jonathan Richards
2000 Jonathan Richards Jason Millhouse Charlie Rankin
2001 Jason Millhouse Gabriel Arnold Troy Paolantonio
2002 Gabriel Arnold Jason Millhouse Jonathan Richards
2003 Ryan Kelly Jessey Howard Joey Monahan
2004 Jessey Howard Christopher Cannon Christina Dimitry
2005 Christopher Cannon Jeff Chamlis David Jackson
2006 David Thornton Jeff Chamlis Mark Shilling
2007 Mark Shilling Jodi Chapman Daniel Farr
2008 Daniel Farr Jodi Chapman Philip Magyar
2009 Michael Weintraub Daniel Taylor Andrew Vrzal
2010 Jennifer Mammino Brittni Bailey Andrew Dubbert
2011 Andrew Dubbert Keith Griffis Bradley Parks
2012 Keith Griffis Bradley Parks Daniel Rosman
2013 Daniel Rosman Revae Douglas Michael Keogh
2014 Daniel Rosman Michael Keogh Matthew Tenoré

1did not complete season

Sections[edit]

The Marching Chiefs' instrumental sections are known by its members by their own specific names and are as follows:

Flutes: "Chiefs Flutes"

Clarinets: "Five Easy Pieces" commonly referred to as "Pieces"

Alto & Tenor Saxophones: "Section X"

Mellophones: "HornZ"

Trumpets: "Screech Squad," commonly referred to as "Screech"

Baritones: "T.O.N.E. Quality (TQ)," commonly referred to as "Tones"

Trombones: "The Roamin' Bones," commonly referred to as "Bones"

Sousaphones: "The Royal Flush," commonly referred to as "Flush"

Percussion: "The Big 8 Drumline," commonly referred to as "Big 8"

Auxiliary consists of Color Guard, Majorettes and Feature Twirler(s)

Majorettes, commonly referred to as "Rettes"

Show/Technical Support: "Glue Crew"

Each section has its own set of history and traditions, some with their own colors, mottos, symbols, songs, pre-game rituals and/or crests.

FSU Marching Chiefs traditions[edit]

Chiefs about to Go Cadance out onto the field before Pre-Game

"Skull Session" - The Chiefs perform together at a pregame "Skull Session" before each home football game in Tallahassee. When Manley Whitcomb came to Florida State University from Ohio State University he brought several traditions with him, one of those being the "Skull Session." The idea is that the Chiefs get the music into their skulls before the game and can focus more on the marching and visual performance during the game. Originally, Skull Session was held in Opperman Music Hall but has since become a public performance. Now, performing on Mike Martin Field at Dick Howser Stadium (located next to Doak Campbell Stadium), the Chiefs perform section cheers and then go on to give the audience a sneak preview of the day's halftime show selections. Most section cheers tend to be either well-known pop songs, opportunities to poke fun at school opponents/other sections or inside jokes. All cheers are arranged by students who are current/alumni Chiefs.

"Come On and Go" - This is a pregame tradition which the band opens with. The drumline begins by playing the cadence "Come On and Go" as the band "Chief Steps" out onto the field from under the stadium. As the cadence progresses, the band performs a double-time high step known as "Go Cadence" onto the field.

"The Good, The Bad and The Ugly" (Retired)- This was a tradition that started in the early 1980s when the Chiefs were under the direction of Dr. Bentley Shellahamer. As the Florida State football team was finishing its on-field pre-game warm up exercise routine, the Chiefs joined the team's vocals. As they finished, the players lined up shoulder to shoulder on the fifty-yard line, held up their helmets and walked in a side-by-side line toward the North end zone as the Chiefs played the "main title" theme from the 1966 film "The Good, The Bad and The Ugly" which has been arranged into "G.B.U.", an extended intro which then leads into the playing of the "FSU Fight Song," or the "Warchant". Even though this tradition was retired in 2010, the Chiefs still play "G.B.U." in the stands.

"'Flushing' The Field" - The Royal Flush, during every pregame performance, "flushes" the field by running around the Seminole head logo at the center of Bobby Bowden Field while the head drum major stands at the center of it. As the rest of the band transitions to the team entrance formation, The Royal Flush follows and the entire band ends the exit cadence by counting aloud the number of Flush members and ending with "Flush!" This can be heard on each and every recording of the Exit Cadence.

"Roamin' The Stadium" - The Roamin' Bones "roam" the stadium during 3rd or 4th quarter and perform different arrangements from the Bone Book, their collection of musical charts written specifically for the Roamin' Bones.

"The Hymn To The Garnet & Gold" - Most Chiefs will agree that their favorite school song is what is commonly known as "The Hymn". When Florida State University was looking for an alma mater, several composers sent in their contributions. The Hymn did not make it as the official FSU Alma Mater, but it lives and thrives as a long-standing school tradition, as the Chiefs sing it at the end of every game.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Charlotte E. Cooper". Wall of Fame Recipients. Florida State University Band Alumni Association. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 
  2. ^ "History of FSU in Brief". Florida State University. Retrieved 21 November 2011. 
  3. ^ "Robert Braunagel". Wall of Fame Recipients. Florida State University Band Alumni Association. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 
  4. ^ "1947 Year In Review". Florida State Football. Various Newspapers. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 
  5. ^ "Manley Whitcomb". Wall of Fame Recipients. Florida State University Band Alumni Association. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 
  6. ^ "Charles Carter". Wall of Fame Recipients. Florida State University Band Alumni Association. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 
  7. ^ "Tampa Bay Football History". Outback Bowl Prologue. Outback Bowl. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 
  8. ^ "From the Sun Bowl Vault: A History of the Sun Bowl". A History of the Sun Bowl. University of missouri. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 
  9. ^ McGrotha, Bill (December 5, 1954). "FSU First Florida Eleven to Play in 'Foreign' Bowl". The Miami News. 
  10. ^ "Our History". A Humble Beginning: 1930-1963. Florida State University Marching Chiefs. Retrieved 11 October 2011. 
  11. ^ Johnston, Joey. "50 Things You Should Know About The UF-FSU Series". Tampa Tribune. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 
  12. ^ "Curtis & Jo Ellen Falany". Wall of Fame Recipients. Florida State University Band Alumni Association. Retrieved 29 February 2012. 
  13. ^ "Richard Mayo". Wall of Fame Recipients. Florida State University Band Alumni Association. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 
  14. ^ Volkert, Vida (August 2005). "Marching Chiefs Impressed Middle Easterners in 1974". Florida State Times. p. 7. 
  15. ^ "Bentley Shellahamer". Wall of Fame Recipients. Florida State University Band Alumni Association. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 
  16. ^ "Our History". International Chiefs: 1964-1977. Florida State University Marching Chiefs. Retrieved 11 October 2011. 
  17. ^ "FSU Marching Chiefs (1981) - Pregame and Halftime Highlights at Ohio State". YouTube. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 
  18. ^ "Sports Illustrated - December 06, 1982". All Horns Up!!!. Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 11 October 2011. 
  19. ^ "Super Bowl History". 1984 Super Bowl XVIII. Super Bowl History. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 
  20. ^ "Our History". Unprecedented Growth: 1978-1990. Florida State University Marching Chiefs. Retrieved 11 October 2011. 
  21. ^ Schmadtke, Alan. "Florida State To Face Kansas In Kickoff Classic In August". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 
  22. ^ "Bobby Bowden Field at Doak Campbell Stadium". Warchant. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 
  23. ^ "BCS Championship". All-time results. BCS. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 
  24. ^ "FSU Marching Chiefs 1997 London, England Performance". YouTube. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 
  25. ^ "BCS Championship". All-time results. BCS. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 
  26. ^ Mandel, Stewart. "Bowden's Legendary Career Highlighted by Thrilling 2000 Sugar Bowl". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 
  27. ^ "Our History". National Titles & 50 Years of Bands: 1991-Present. Florida State University Marching Chiefs. Retrieved 11 October 2011. 
  28. ^ "Chapter Activities". Field Cleanup. Kappa Kappa Psi Gamma Nu. Retrieved 22 November 2011. 
  29. ^ Elish, Jill. "Donation gives Marching Chiefs new footing on artificial tur". STATE. Florida State University. Retrieved 23 November 2011. 
  30. ^ Smith, Wendy. "Homecoming Dedication". Florida State University. Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  31. ^ Smith, Wendy. "Marching Chiefs Campaign for New Instruments". FSU College of Music. Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  32. ^ Bland, Emily. "From Doak to Pasadena and back: The Marching Chiefs". FSView. Retrieved 26 September 2014. 
  33. ^ "Preseason Training". Future Chiefs. Florida State University Marching Chiefs. Retrieved 11 October 2011. 
  34. ^ "Preseason Training". Preseason Training. Florida State University Marching Chiefs. Retrieved 1 March 2012. 

External links[edit]