|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1976–present|
|Rank||Major General (United States)|
Marcia Carol Martin Anderson (née Mahan) became in 2011 the first African-American woman to achieve the rank of major general in the United States Army Reserve. She was born 1957 in Beloit, Wisconsin, and finished school in St. Louis, Missouri. 
A graduate of Creighton University and Rutgers Law School, she is married to Amos Charles Anderson. She originally signed up for the Reserve Officers Training Corps at Creighton University because she needed a science credit. She lives in Wisconsin.
Her military awards and decorations include the Legion of Merit, with two Oak Leaf ClustersMeritorious Service Medal (with 3 Oak Leaf Clusters), Army Commendation Medal, Army Achievement Medal, Parachutist Badge, and Physical Fitness Badge.
- "Major General Marcia M. Anderson was the First African American female major general in the U.S. Army". Army.mil. Retrieved 2014-06-04.
- "HRC deputy becomes Army's first female African-American major general | Article | The United States Army". Army.mil. Retrieved 2014-06-04.
- Marie, Nicole (2011-10-02). "US Army Selects First Black Female Major General". Essence.com. Retrieved 2014-06-04.
- Barrouquere, Brett; Verburg, Steven (2011-09-29). "Wisconsin native promoted to become highest-ranking black woman in Army". Wisconsin State Journal. Retrieved 2011-10-04.
- McGregor, Jena. "Getting more women into Army leadership". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 2014-06-04.
- "Q & A". Q-and-a.org. 2011-12-11. Retrieved 2014-06-04.
- Wagner, Amanda N. (February 2008). "Sitting at the table, front and center". Wisconsin Woman. Retrieved 2011-10-04.