Marco Island, Florida
|Marco Island, Florida|
|Nickname(s): La Isla de San Marco|
Location in Collier County and the state of Florida
|Country||United States of America|
|• Total||22.8 sq mi (59.0 km2)|
|• Land||12.1 sq mi (31.4 km2)|
|• Water||10.7 sq mi (27.6 km2)|
|Elevation||0 ft (0 m)|
|• Density||1,352/sq mi (522.0/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0286403|
Marco Island is a city in Collier County, Florida, United States, located on an island by the same name in the Gulf of Mexico off the coast of Southwest Florida. It is a principal city of the Naples–Marco Island Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 16,413 at the 2010 census.
Originally named San Marco Island by Spanish explorers, Marco Island is the largest barrier island within Southwest Florida's Ten Thousand Islands area extending southerly to Cape Sable. Parts of the island have some scenic, high elevations relative to the generally flat south Florida landscape and like the city of Naples to the north, Marco Island has a tropical climate, specifically a tropical wet and dry or savanna type (Aw under the Köppen system). It is known for distinct wet and dry seasons, with most of the rainfall falling between the months of June and October.
The history of Marco Island can be traced as far back as 500 A.D., when the Calusa people inhabited the island as well as the rest of southwest Florida. A number of Calusa artifacts were discovered on Marco Island in 1896 by anthropologist Frank Hamilton Cushing as part of the Pepper-Hearst Expedition. The most notable artifact discovered was the carved wooden "Key Marco Cat" which is now on display at the Smithsonian Institution.
Early development of the island began in the late 1800s after the arrival of William Thomas Collier and his family. Collier founded the village of Marco on the island in 1870, and in 1896 Collier's son, William D. "Capt. Bill" Collier, opened a hotel on the island, known today as the Olde Marco Inn.
Clam digging became a major industry on Marco Island and throughout the Ten Thousand Islands in the early 1900s. The Burnham Clam Cannery began operation near Caxambas Pass in 1903 and operated until 1929. The Doxsee Clam Cannery also operated from 1911 to 1947.
Ferry service began to the island in 1912, which operated between Marco Island and the Isles of Capri. A road on the mainland linked the ferry landing with East Naples (just west of State Road 951). A small piece of this road still exists today and is known as Barefoot Williams Road.
Barron G. Collier (whom Collier County is named after, and of no relation to William T. Collier) purchased a large amount of land on Marco Island in 1922, and in 1927 the island incorporated as Collier City. Collier City was abolished in 1957. James Harvey Doxsee Sr. served as Collier City's only mayor.
Also in 1927, the Atlantic Coast Line Railroad began service to the island after extending their route from Fort Myers and Naples. The railroad ran to the island along the present route of State Road 951. Rail service was discontinued in 1944.
The first vehicle bridge to the island was a small wooden swing bridge built in 1938 near Goodland on the southeast side of the island. Remnants of this bridge can be seen today next to the current Goodland Bridge (built in 1975). The island's ferry service was discontinued after the original Goodland Bridge opened.
Significant development of Marco Island took place in the 1960s that made it into the tourist destination it is known as today. The Mackle brothers of the Deltona Corporation led the development of the island after purchasing large amounts of land on the island for $7 million. As a result of development, the S.S. Jolley Bridge opened for traffic in 1969.
Marco Island was reincorporated as a city on August 28, 1997.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 22.8 square miles (59.0 km2). 12.1 square miles (31.4 km2) of it is land, and 10.7 square miles (27.6 km2) of it (46.73%) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 16,413 people, 7,517 households, and 17,134 housing units in the city. The population density was 1,352.0 inhabitants per square mile (543.5/km²). There were 14,826 housing units at an average density of 1,402.1 per square mile (12.14 square miles). The racial makeup of the city was 95.9% White, 0.5% African American, 0.1% American Indian, 1.1% Asian and 7.1% Hispanic or Latino.
There were 7,517 households out of which 9.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21.
The median income for a household in the city was $73,373, and the per capita income was $52,089. 2.1% of the population were below the poverty level.
The District School Board of Collier County operates the following schools serving Marco Island:
- Marco Island Academy High School 
- Marco Island Charter Middle School 
- Tommie Barfield Elementary School 
- Island Montessori Academy
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Marco Island city, Florida". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved June 27, 2014.
- Layden, Laura (3 April 2012). "Lighthouse Project - History: Marco began as a place for catching, canning clams". Naples Daily News. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
- "Marco Island's History". Marco Island Visitor Guide. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
- "Historical Markers of Marco Island". Marco Sun. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
- Cousineau, Bonnie Jean. "Barefoot Williams". Naples, Florida History. Naples Historical Society. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
- Turner, Gregg M. (December 1, 1999). Railroads of Southwest Florida. Images of America. Arcadia Publishing.
- "Modern Marco". Marco Island Historical Society. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
- "Present Day Marco Island". City of Marco Island. Retrieved 5 March 2014.
- "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790-2000)". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2010-07-17.
- Census numbers enumerated before 2000 were for Marco CDP
- Megan, Graydon (2013-01-16). "William Cullerton, 1923-2013 WWII pilot, entrepreneur, radio host and well-known outdoorsman championed conservation". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2013-01-25.