Marco van Basten
|Full name||Marcel van Basten|
|Date of birth||31 October 1964|
|Place of birth||Utrecht, Netherlands|
|Height||1.88 m (6 ft 2 in)|
|AZ (assistant manager)|
|2014–2015||AZ (assistant manager)|
|2015-||Netherlands (assistant manager)|
* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
Marcel "Marco" van Basten (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈmɑrkoː fɑn ˈbɑstə(n)] ( listen); born 31 October 1964) is a Dutch football manager and former football player, who played for Ajax and A.C. Milan, as well as the Netherlands national team, in the 1980s and early 1990s. He is regarded as one of the greatest players of all time and has scored 277 goals in a high-profile career, but played his last game in 1993 at the age of 28 due to an injury which caused his retirement two years later. He was later the head coach of Ajax and the Netherlands national team.
Playing for the Netherlands, Van Basten won Euro 1988 where he was the player of the tournament, scoring five goals, including a memorable volley in the final against the Soviet Union. At club level he won three Eredivisie titles and the UEFA Cup Winners Cup with Ajax, and three Serie A titles and two European Cups with Milan.
Known for his close ball control, attacking intelligence and spectacular strikes and volleys, Van Basten was named FIFA World Player of the Year in 1992, and Ballon d'Or three times (1988, 1989 and 1992). In 1999 he was ranked sixth in the FIFA Player of the Century internet poll, tenth in the European player of the Century election held by the IFFHS, and twelfth in the IFFHS' World Player of the Century election. He was also voted eighth in a poll organised by the French magazine France Football consulting their former Ballon d'Or winners to elect the Football Player of the Century. In 2004, he was named by Pelé in the FIFA 100 list of the world's greatest living players. In 2004, a poll for the 100 greatest Dutch people was held in the Netherlands: Van Basten ranked number 25, the second highest for a football player, behind Johan Cruyff. In 2007, Sky Sports ranked Van Basten first on its list of great athletes who had their careers cut short.
- 1 Playing career
- 2 International career
- 3 Style of play
- 4 Media
- 5 Managing career
- 6 Honours
- 7 Career statistics
- 8 International matches
- 9 Notes
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Marco van Basten was born on 31 October 1964 in Utrecht. He began playing for a local team, EDO, when he was six years old. A year later, he moved to UVV Utrecht. After nine years there, he briefly played for another club from Utrecht, Elinkwijk.
In the 1982–83 season, he competed with the European top scorer Wim Kieft for the position of centre forward, and scored nine goals in 20 league matches. After Kieft left for Serie A club Pisa the next season, Van Basten solidified his position as the team's main attacker.
He became a top scorer in the league for four seasons from 1983–84 to 1986–87, scoring 117 goals in 112 matches. In the 1985–86 season, he scored 37 goals in 26 league matches, including six goals against Sparta Rotterdam and five against Heracles Almelo, and won the European Golden Boot. He also scored the winning goal in the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup final against Lokomotive Leipzig in 1987. He had scored 128 goals in 133 league games for Ajax.
In 1987, Silvio Berlusconi signed Van Basten for Milan, with fellow countrymen Ruud Gullit and Frank Rijkaard joining in 1988. In his first season, Milan won their first Scudetto in eight years, but Van Basten played only 11 games and was constantly troubled by an ankle injury.
In 1988–89, Van Basten won the Ballon d'Or as Europe's top footballer. He scored 19 goals in Serie A and scored two goals in the final of the European Cup as Milan triumphed against Steaua Bucureşti. In 1989–90, he became Capocannoniere, Serie A's leading goal scorer, and Milan successfully defended the European Cup after beating Benfica in the final match.
Milan struggled in the 1990–91 season, as Sampdoria won the Scudetto. After Van Basten fell out with Arrigo Sacchi, Berlusconi sacked the manager. Fabio Capello took over the following season, and Milan went undefeated in the league to win another Scudetto. Van Basten scored 25 league goals, and became Capocannoniere again.
In November 1992, he became the first player to score four goals in a Champions League match, against IFK Göteborg, including a picture perfect bicycle kick. The record was later equalled by other players, but was bettered only 20 years later, when Lionel Messi scored five goals against Bayer Leverkusen during the 2011–12 Champions League season. In December 1992, Van Basten was named FIFA World Player of the Year.
Milan stretched their unbeaten run into the 1992–93 season, going 58 matches over two seasons before they lost a game. Van Basten was exceptional in the early part of the season. He was again voted the European player of the year, becoming the third player after Johan Cruyff and Michel Platini to win the award three times.
His troublesome ankle injury recurred in a game against A.C. Ancona, forcing him to undergo another series of surgery. He returned for the last few games in the season, before Milan lost to Marseille in the Champions League final. The match was Van Basten's final game for the Italian club.
Van Basten had been hopeful of playing for his country at the 1994 World Cup as well as for his club in the 1994–95 season after spending the whole 1993–94 season out of action (missing Milan's victory in the European Cup as well as their Serie A title glory), but his club ordered him not to take part in the World Cup amid fear of ruining his rehabilitation. He finally conceded defeat in his battle to recover on 17 August 1995, when he announced his retirement as a player after two whole years on sidelines.
Van Basten's talent was already noticed at a young age and he was called up for the 1983 FIFA World Youth Championship. He made his senior debut for the Netherlands national team that same year. At UEFA Euro 1988, Van Basten played a pivotal role in the victorious Dutch team. He scored a total of five goals, including a hat trick against England, the winning goal in the semi-final against West Germany, and a spectacular volley in the final against the Soviet Union. He finished top scorer and was named player of the tournament. In 2002 the UK public voted Van Basten's volley against the Soviet Union #21 in the list of the 100 Greatest Sporting Moments.
The Dutch national team exited the 1990 FIFA World Cup early, losing to West Germany in the second round. Van Basten never scored in the World Cup Finals.
The Netherlands reached the semi-final of UEFA Euro 1992 where they lost to the eventual champions Denmark in a penalty shootout, with Peter Schmeichel saving a penalty shot from Van Basten. Van Basten was named to the team of the tournament for his performances.
Van Basten played in the Demetrio Albertini testimonial at the San Siro in March 2006, and headed in a goal before being substituted early in the first half. On 22 July 2006, he also returned for the testimonial to celebrate the 11-year Arsenal career of Dennis Bergkamp, in what was the first game played at the new Emirates Stadium. He played in the second half for the Ajax legends team. He entered the match as part of a double substitution that also introduced Johan Cruyff. He took part in Tyskie's (Polish beer) advertising campaign with Luis Figo and Zbigniew Boniek.
Style of play
Regarded as one of the greatest strikers in the sport, Van Basten was renowned for his clinical finishing, with a penchant for scoring acrobatic goals. His height and strength allowed him to excel in the air, and his technical ability saw him execute spectacular strikes, such as volleys and bicycle kicks, throughout his career. A fast and opportunistic striker with quick reactions, he often took advantage of loose balls in the penalty area. Possessing a powerful and accurate shot, he was capable of scoring goals with both feet from inside or outside the penalty area, and he was also an accurate penalty kick taker.
In addition to his goalscoring ability, Van Basten possessed excellent vision and distribution, which enabled him to play in deeper positions and provide assists to his teammates, the most notable of which was his assist to Frank Rijkaard for Milan's winning goal in the 1990 European Cup final. Despite his large stature, Van Basten possessed excellent technical skills and ball control, as well as good balance and a notable elegance on the ball, which inspired his nickname "the swan of Utrecht". Van Basten's career was severely affected by many grave injuries, which forced him to retire from football prematurely at the age of 28.
Van Basten officially left Milan in 1995 and retired from football, stating he would never try management. However, he changed his mind and took a course with the Royal Dutch Football Association (KNVB). His first stint as a manager was as an assistant to his former teammate John van 't Schip with the second team of Ajax in 2003–04.
As a manager, he soon established himself as a man of strong principles. Van Basten famously dropped regulars like Clarence Seedorf, Patrick Kluivert, Edgar Davids and Roy Makaay and benched Mark van Bommel, because he believed that they were either past their prime or constantly underachieving.
There were also calls for Van Basten to call up Dennis Bergkamp, who had retired from the national team six years earlier for a final "hurrah" as he was retiring that season. Van Basten then revealed to the media that he never intended to do so despite Bergkamp's own willingness.
For probably the first time in decades, none of the "Big Three" Clubs (Ajax, PSV, and Feyenoord) provided the backbone for the national team. Instead, newcomer AZ led the way with players such as Denny Landzaat, Barry Opdam, Barry van Galen, Ron Vlaar, Jan Kromkamp and Joris Mathijsen. Other unheralded choices were Khalid Boulahrouz, Hedwiges Maduro, Ryan Babel and Romeo Castelen selected. Van Basten had also wanted to include Ivorian forward Salomon Kalou, but was thwarted when Kalou was denied Dutch citizenship by the immigration authorities headed by Rita Verdonk. Kalou eventually accepted a call-up to play for Côte d'Ivoire.
Under his guidance, the team were unbeaten in their World Cup qualification group and made it through the group stages at the FIFA World Cup 2006, but were eliminated in a frenzied 1–0 loss to Portugal in the Round of 16. Van Basten was heavily criticised for dropping Ruud van Nistelrooy (who had scored 28 goals for the Netherlands) before this game, in favour of Dirk Kuyt, who did not score throughout the entire tournament.
In November 2006, Van Basten recalled exiled Milan midfielder Clarence Seedorf for a friendly against England at the Amsterdam ArenA. In May 2007, Van Basten announced the end of his long-running dispute with Van Nistelrooy, who had previously declared never to play for a Dutch national squad with Van Basten as its manager. Other players, such as Roy Makaay, Mark van Bommel, Boudewijn Zenden, and Edgar Davids, however, remained out of favour.
Van Basten had a contract with the KNVB for managing the Dutch national side until 2008. The KNVB had expressed its wishes to extend his contract to include the World Cup qualification route to 2010 FIFA World Cup in South Africa. On 22 February 2008, Van Basten signed a four-year contract with Ajax, starting from 1 July. His last tournament thus was the UEFA Euro 2008, where the Netherlands surprised with a strong round 1 performance. They beat World Champions Italy 3–0 in their first match, followed by a 4–1 win over World Cup runners-up France. In their third game, already qualified for the next round, Van Basten selected non-regulars such as Maarten Stekelenburg, Wilfred Bouma and Ibrahim Afellay for the starting lineup against Romania, a match the 'Oranje' won 2–0. In the quarter finals, Van Basten faced fellow Dutchman Guus Hiddink's Russia. With the score at 1–1 after 90 minutes, Hiddink and Russia went on to win the match 3–1. He finish his reign with a record of 35 wins, 11 draws, and six losses in 52 matches.
Return to AFC Ajax
Van Basten became manager of Ajax after Euro 2008 but resigned on 6 May 2009 after his team failed to qualify for the UEFA Champions League. Van Basten started the season well, having spent millions on players such as Miralem Sulejmani, Ismaïl Aissati, Darío Cvitanich, Evander Sno, Eyong Enoh and Oleguer Presas Renom. However, in the second half of the season striker Klaas-Jan Huntelaar left for Real Madrid, and Van Basten started switching around his lineups. When Ajax lost eleven points in four games, the Eredivisie title was out of sight. Ajax could, however, still get second place, which would have ensured a place in the third qualifying round of the UEFA Champions League. But after two big losses against PSV (6–2) and Sparta Rotterdam (4–0) Van Basten's Ajax could only make it to number three. Van Basten decided to resign as Ajax manager at the end of the 2008–09 season. After this, Van Basten became a pundit for Sport1, but was still planning to return as a manager. He finished his reign with a record of 26 wins, eight draws, and 11 losses in 45 matches.
On 13 February 2012, it was announced that Van Basten would become the manager of Eredivisie club Heerenveen in the 2012–13 season. Van Basten lead Heerenveen to an eighth-place finish in the 2012–13 year campaign. He then lead them to a fifth-place finish the following season, the 2013-14 campaign. He finished his reign with a record of 27 wins, 18 draws, and 27 losses in 72 matches.
AZ announced on 18 April 2014 that Van Basten would replace Dick Advocaat at the start of the 2014–15 season. On 28 August 2014, Van Basten took a leave of absence for the following game against FC Dordrecht, with multiple Dutch news reporting he was suffering of stress-related heart palpitations, and was replaced by assistant coaches Alex Pastoor and Dennis Haar. Later on 3 September, AZ Alkmaar confirmed Van Basten was given an extended leave of absence until 14 September. On 16 September 2014, parties agreed Van Basten would relinquish his role as manager in order to sign a new contract as assistant coach until 2016; this was motivated by Van Basten himself, who stated the stress caused by his full-time role as head coach was causing him physical and mental issues. He finished his reign with two wins and three losses in five matches.
|Season||Club||League||League||Cup||Europe[nb 1]||Other[nb 2]||Total|
|Italy||Serie A||Coppa Italia||Europe||Other||Total|
|Netherlands national team|
- As of 16 September 2014.
|Netherlands||29 July 2004||30 June 2008||52||35||11||6||67.31|||
|Ajax||1 July 2008||6 May 2009||45||26||8||11||57.78|||
|Heerenveen||1 July 2012||30 June 2014||72||27||18||27||37.50|||
|AZ||1 July 2014||16 September 2014||5||2||0||3||40.00|||
|This table is incomplete. (October 2012)|
Win Draw Loss
|Date||Location||Competition||Home team||Away team||Score|
|18 August 2004||Stockholm||International friendly||Sweden||The Netherlands||2–2|
|3 September 2004||Utrecht||International friendly||The Netherlands||Liechtenstein||3–0|
|8 September 2004||Amsterdam||2006 World Cup Qualification||The Netherlands||Czech Republic||2–0|
|9 October 2004||Skopje||2006 World Cup Qualification||FYR Macedonia||The Netherlands||2–2|
|8 September 2004||Amsterdam||2006 World Cup Qualification||The Netherlands||Finland||3–1|
|17 November 2004||Barcelona||2006 World Cup Qualification||Andorra||The Netherlands||0–3|
|9 February 2005||Birmingham||International friendly||England||The Netherlands||0–0|
|26 March 2005||Bucharest||2006 World Cup Qualification||Romania||The Netherlands||0–2|
|30 March 2005||Eindhoven||2006 World Cup Qualification||The Netherlands||Armenia||2–0|
|4 June 2005||Rotterdam||2006 World Cup Qualification||The Netherlands||Romania||2–0|
|8 June 2005||Helsinki||2006 World Cup Qualification||Finland||The Netherlands||0–4|
|17 August 2005||Rotterdam||International friendly||The Netherlands||Germany||2–2|
|3 September 2005||Yerevan||2006 World Cup Qualification||Armenia||The Netherlands||0–1|
|7 September 2005||Eindhoven||2006 World Cup Qualification||The Netherlands||Andorra||4–0|
|8 October 2005||Prague||2006 World Cup Qualification||Czech Republic||The Netherlands||0–2|
|12 October 2005||Amsterdam||2006 World Cup Qualification||The Netherlands||FYR Macedonia||0–0|
|12 November 2005||Amsterdam||International friendly||The Netherlands||Italy||1–3|
|1 March 2006||Amsterdam||International friendly||The Netherlands||Ecuador||1–0|
|27 May 2006||Rotterdam||International friendly||The Netherlands||Cameroon||1–0|
|1 June 2006||Eindhoven||International friendly||The Netherlands||Mexico||2–1|
|4 June 2006||Rotterdam||International friendly||The Netherlands||Australia||1–1|
|11 June 2006||Leipzig||2006 World Cup Group stage||Serbia and Montenegro||The Netherlands||0–1|
|16 June 2006||Stuttgard||2006 World Cup Group stage||The Netherlands||Ivory Coast||2–1|
|21 June 2006||Frankfurt||2006 World Cup Group stage||The Netherlands||Argentina||0–0|
|25 June 2006||Nuremberg||2006 World Cup Round of 16||Portugal||The Netherlands||1–0|
|16 August 2006||Dublin||International friendly||Ireland||The Netherlands||0–4|
|2 September 2006||Luxembourg||Euro 2008 Qualification||Luxembourg||The Netherlands||0–1|
|6 September 2006||Eindhoven||Euro 2008 Qualification||The Netherlands||Belarus||3–0|
|7 October 2006||Sofia||Euro 2008 Qualification||Bulgaria||The Netherlands||1–1|
|11 October 2006||Amsterdam||Euro 2008 Qualification||The Netherlands||Albania||2–1|
|15 November 2006||Amsterdam||International friendly||The Netherlands||England||1–1|
|7 February 2007||Amsterdam||International friendly||The Netherlands||Russia||4–1|
|24 March 2007||Rotterdam||Euro 2008 Qualification||The Netherlands||Romania||4–1|
- Includes UEFA Champions League, UEFA Cup, UEFA Cup Winners' Cup and UEFA Super Cup (1989)
- Includes 1988 Supercoppa Italiana, 1989 Intercontinental Cup, 1990 Intercontinental Cup, 1992 Supercoppa Italiana
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- "IFFHS Century Elections". RSSSF.com – International Football Hall of Fame. Retrieved 8 October 2011.
- "FIFA Player of the Century". FIFA. Retrieved 19 November 2013.
- "The Best x Players of the Century/All-Time". RSSSF. Retrieved 6 April 2010.
- "Pele's list of the greatest". BBC Sport. 4 March 2004. Retrieved 15 June 2013.
- "Top Ten: Careers Cut Short". Sky Sportzine. Retrieved 23 January 2009.
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- Bandini, Paolo (14 December 2007). "How Capello won his nine league titles". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 23 January 2009.
- "Classic Highlights: 1994 Champions League Final – AC Milan v Barcelona". ITV.com.
- Winter, Henry (4 June 1994). "Football: Uefa Cup call for Newcastle: St James' Park delighted at return to Europe while Dubliners plan a huge send-off". The Independent (London).
- "SPORTS PEOPLE: SOCCER; AC Milan's Van Basten Retires". The New York Times. 18 August 1995.
- Lacey, David (22 June 1988). "Marco's late hook floors the favourites". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 23 January 2009.
- 100 Greatest sporting moments – results Channel 4. Retrieved 28 August 2014
- "Ele Nao Se Cala". p. 74. Placar Magazine (Edition. 1315, Feb 2008). Retrieved 20 November 2013
- "AC Milan Hall of Fame: Marco van Basten". Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "Rovesciate e tiri al volo: inconfondibile Marco di fabbrica". Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "MAI PIU' GOL, MARCO". repubblica.it. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "Chi è il più forte del mondo?". Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "Le due carriere di Marco van Basten". Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "La squadra più forte di tutti i tempi » La squadra più forte di tutti i tempi – la prima punta La squadra più forte di tutti i tempi – la prima punta". Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "CHE TESORO, QUEL VAN BASTEN". repubblica.it. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
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- "Ruud makes his peace with Marco". yahoo sports.[dead link]
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- Lawrence, Amy; Jongsma, Michiel (20 January 2015). "Marco van Basten: Why stress prompted manager to leave role". BBC Sport. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
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- "Heerenveen schnappt sich van Basten" (in German). kicker. 13 February 2012. Retrieved 26 February 2015.
- "Van Basten übernimmt bei AZ Alkmaar". kicker (in German). 18 April 2014. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
- "European Football - Health issues sideline AZ coach Van Basten". Yahoo! Eurosport. 28 August 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
- "Van Basten given time to recover from health problems". Reuters. 3 September 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
- "AZ Alkmaar coach Marco van Basten takes break due to health concerns". The Guardian. 3 September 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2014.
- "Eredivisie: Marco van Basten is to step down as AZ Alkmaar boss due to health issues". Sky Sports. 16 September 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2014.
- "Ajax Honours". Marco van Basten. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "AC Milan Honours". Marco van Basten. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- "National Team Honours". Marco van Basten. Retrieved 28 September 2014.
- ""Onze Mondial" Awards". RSSSF. 6 March 2012. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
- "FORMER RESULTS". IFFHS.de. Retrieved 20 January 2015.
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- "BARESI, CAPELLO AND RIVERA ACCEPTED IN HALL OF FAME". http://www.acmilan.com. 26 November 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
- "A.C. Milan Hall of Fame: Marco van Basten". http://www.acmilan.com. Retrieved 31 March 2015.
- "Marco van Basten career stats". Football Database.eu. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "Marco van Basten Ajax stats". MarcovanBasten.net. Retrieved 29 January 2013.
- "van Basten, Marco". National Football Teams. Retrieved 29 January 2013.
- Marco van Basten – Matches in European Cups". RSSSF. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- "Marco van Basten – Goals in International Matches". RSSSF. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
- Matches as manager. Wereld van Oranje. Retrieved 29 January 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Marco van Basten.|
- Marco van Basten – FIFA competition record
- Marco van Basten extensive profile at AC Milan Online
- Marco van Basten profile and stats at Wereld van Oranje (Dutch)
- Marco van Basten dedicated fanpage