Arturo Beltrán Leyva

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Marcos Arturo Beltrán-Leyva)
Jump to: navigation, search
Arturo Beltrán Leyva
Born Marcos Arturo Beltrán Leyva
(1961-09-27)September 27, 1961
Badiraguato, Sinaloa, Mexico
Died December 16, 2009(2009-12-16) (aged 48)
Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico
Cause of death
Multiple gunshot wounds
Other names El Botas Blancas[1]
El Barbas[1]
La Muerte[1]
El Jefe de Jefes[2]
Occupation Head of the Beltrán Leyva Cartel
Criminal status
Deceased

Marcos Arturo Beltrán Leyva (September 27, 1961 – December 16, 2009) was the leader and an organized crime figure of the Mexican drug trafficking organization and known as the Beltrán-Leyva Cartel, which is headed by the Beltrán Leyva brothers: Marcos Arturo, Carlos, Alfredo and Héctor.[3][4] The cartel is responsible for cocaine, marijuana, heroin and methamphetamine production, transportation and wholesaling. It controls numerous drug trafficking corridors into the United States and is also responsible for human smuggling, money laundering, extortion, kidnapping, murder, contract killing, torture, gun-running and other acts of violence against men, women, and children in Mexico.[5] The organization is connected with the assassinations of numerous Mexican law enforcement officials.[5]

Since the mid-1990s Arturo Beltrán Leyva allegedly led powerful groups of assassins to fight for trade routes in northeastern Mexico. By 2008, through the use of corruption or intimidation, he was able to infiltrate Mexico's political,[6] judicial[7] and police institutions to steal classified information about anti-drug operations, and even infiltrated the Interpol office in Mexico.[8][9]

The Beltrán Leyva brothers, who were formerly aligned with the Sinaloa Cartel, are now allies of Los Zetas.

Breakaway from the Sinaloa Cartel[edit]

The Beltrán-Leyva Cartel was founded and named after the brothers Arturo, Alfredo, Alberto, Carlos and Héctor Beltrán Leyva after they separated from the Sinaloa cartel, which is led by Joaquín Guzmán Loera a.k.a. "El Chapo".

Arturo Beltrán Leyva and his four brothers worked as underbosses and security chiefs for the Sinaloa cartel leaders. The breakaway from the Sinaloa Cartel was motivated by the capture of Alfredo Beltrán Leyva "El Mochomo" ('Desert Ant') by the Mexican military on January 21, 2008 which the brothers attributed to a betrayal by their boss Joaquín "El Chapo" Guzmán.[10] After this incident, the Beltrán Leyva brothers and their lieutenants defected from the Sinaloa Cartel and allied themselves with the Gulf Cartel and Los Zetas.

Alfredo's influence had penetrated deep into the Attorney General of Mexico office by bribing Mexico’s former drug czar, Noé Ramírez Mandujano[11] and other top ranking officials. Ramírez Mandujano, who was the head of the country’s top organized crime unit SIEDO, received US$450,000 per month to tip them off on the how, when and where any actions or operations against them would be taken.

Kingpin Act sanction[edit]

On 30 May 2008, the United States Department of the Treasury sanctioned Beltrán Leyva under the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act (sometimes referred to simply as the "Kingpin Act"), for his involvement in drug trafficking along with three other international criminals and three entities.[12] The act prohibited U.S. citizens and companies from doing any king of business activity with him, and virtually froze all his assets in the U.S.[13]

Death[edit]

On December 11, 2009, in Ahuatepec, Morelos, a town bordering Cuernavaca, Arturo Beltrán Leyva held a Christmas party at a house located in one of the most luxurious gated communities in Cuernavaca. He hired artists such as Ramón Ayala, Los Cadetes de Linares and more than 20 prostitutes to entertain his guests.[14] The Mexican Navy's elite Special Forces unit surrounded the house and tried to capture him, but in the exchange of fire he escaped. Three gunmen were killed along with an innocent bystander (a neighbor) and more than 11 bodyguards were captured. Authorities confiscated US$280,000 in cash, 16 assault rifles (AK-47 and AR-15), 4 pistols, 74 rifle magazines and 1,700 rounds of ammunition.[15]

Mexican Navy intelligence kept track on him and one week later, on December 16, 2009 he was traced to another luxurious apartment community where a 90-minute shootout ensued. About 200 Mexican Marines, two Navy Mil Mi-17 helicopters, from which marines rappelled, and two small Army tanks surrounded the building complex where he was hiding. Approximately 20 fragmentation hand grenades were used by Beltrán Leyva’s gunmen to keep the Navy from advancing into his position.[citation needed]

Arturo Beltrán Leyva and three gunmen were killed; a fourth gunman committed suicide.[16][17] Among the items seized by authorities during this raid, there were US$40,000 in cash, several thousand Canadian dollars, five assault rifles (AK-47 and AR-15), one pistol and several religious scapulars and medallions.

Analysts said the use of navy special forces was a notable development in the drug war because they are regarded as elite fighters who operate beyond the reach of corrupting influences.[18]

The Mexican government had listed Arturo Beltrán Leyva as one of its 24 most-wanted drug lords and had offered a US$2.1 million reward for his capture.[19]

Revenge[edit]

Melquisedet Angulo Córdova, the Special Forces marine who was killed during the confrontation with Arturo Beltrán Leyva, was buried with military honors on December 21, 2009. The next day, a group of gunmen assassinated members of the marine's family, including his mother.[20][21] Gudiel Ivan Sanchez was later arrested in Chiapas for his alleged role as one of the gunmen in the killings.[22] While the December 22 shootings were taking place, a "narcomanta" (banner) was placed on a kindergarten school in the state of Morelos and a section of the school was set on fire. The 'narcomanta' warned of further reprisals against anybody interfering with the cartel's affairs.[23]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Perfil de Arturo Beltrán Leyva". El Universal (in Spanish). 16 December 2009. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  2. ^ Ordaz, Pablo (17 December 2009). "Abatido el capo Arturo Beltrán Leyva, el 'Jefe de Jefes'". El País (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  3. ^ "President Bush Designates Beltran Leyva and his Organization Under Kingpin Act". United States Ambassador to Mexico. 30 May 2008. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  4. ^ Starr, Penny (14 April 2009). "DEA Names Eleven 'Most Wanted' Mexican Fugitives Sought by U.S.". CNS News. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "Narcotics Rewards Program: Marcos Arturo Beltran-Leyva". United States Department of State. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  6. ^ "Candidato del PAN en NL pacta con los Beltrán Leyva". El Universal (in Spanish). 12 June 2009. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  7. ^ Schiller, Dane (14 May 2009). "DEA: Late Mexican drug czar was bribed by cartels". The Houston Chronicle. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  8. ^ Gómez, Francisco (2008). "Operación Limpieza, más que una necesidad". El Universal (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  9. ^ "Los Beltrán dieron a director de la SIEDO 450 MD". Ríodoce (in Spanish). 27 October 2008. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  10. ^ Wilkinson, Tracy (27 May 2012). "Sinaloa cartel, Zetas push Mexico's drug violence to new depths". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  11. ^ Ellingwood, Ken (22 November 2008). "Mexico traffickers bribed former anti-drug chief, officials say". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  12. ^ "DESIGNATIONS PURSUANT TO THE FOREIGN NARCOTICS KINGPIN DESIGNATION ACT". United States Department of the Treasury. 15 May 2014. p. 2. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2014. 
  13. ^ "An overview of the Foreign Narcotics Kingpin Designation Act". United States Department of the Treasury. 2009. p. 1. Archived from the original on 28 May 2014. Retrieved 28 May 2014. 
  14. ^ "Quedó Arturo Beltrán Leyva desangrado en un piso de lujo". Zócalo Saltillo (in Spanish). 17 December 2009. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  15. ^ Gabbatt, Adam (15 December 2009). "Grammy-winning star caught up in raid at Mexico drug cartel party". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  16. ^ "Mexican navy kills top cartel kingpin in shootout". USA Today. Associated Press. 17 December 2009. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  17. ^ Malkin, Elizabeth (17 December 2009). "Mexico Deals a Blow to a Cartel but Warns of Continued Drug-Related Violence". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  18. ^ "MEXICAN NAVY OPERATION NETS DRUG KINGPIN ARTURO". WikiLeaks. December 2009. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  19. ^ Olson, Alexandra (17 December 2009). "Arturo Beltran Leyva: Mexico's top drug boss killed". The Christian Science Monitor. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  20. ^ "Drug cartel retaliation suspected in Mexico shootings". CNN. 23 December 2009. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012. 
  21. ^ Wilkinson, Tracy (23 December 2009). "Mexico drug raid hero's family slaughtered". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. Retrieved January 4, 2010. 
  22. ^ "Mexico captures drug lord Carlos Beltran Leyva". Latin American Herald Tribune (Mexico City). 3 January 2010. Archived from the original on 11 November 2012. 
  23. ^ "Colocan narcomanta en Morelos". El Universal (in Spanish). 22 December 2009. Archived from the original on 25 December 2009. Retrieved 23 December 2009.