Marcus Annius Libo

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Marcus Annius Libo (Greek: Μαρκος Αννιος Λιβωνος, died 162) was a Roman who lived in the 2nd century. He was the son of Roman consul Marcus Annius Verus and Rupilia Faustina. He was consul in 128 and suffect consul in 161.

Libo's father was Spanish, but was of Roman descent and came from a senatorial family. His mother was a daughter to suffect consul Lucius Scribonius Libo Rupilius Frugi Bonus and Salonina Matidia (niece of the Roman Emperor Trajan). Libo's elder sister was Empress Faustina the Elder (mother of Empress Faustina the Younger) and his younger brother Marcus Annius Verus, was the father of Emperor Marcus Aurelius and paternal grandfather to Emperor Commodus. His cognomen Libo, he inherited from his maternal grandfather.

Libo was consul in 128. In this year, his name is mentioned on a marriage contract was written in Greek and Aramaic on papyrus. This papyrus was dated 4 April 128 and was found in 1961 Naham Hever in the Desert of Judea. During the reign of his brother-in-law, Emperor Antoninus Pius (reigned 138-161), named Libo in a Senatus Consultum (see, Senatus consultum ultimum) and became a senator.

Libo married a noblewoman called Fundania. Fundania bore Libo, two children who were:

When Libo died, against the wishes of Marcus Aurelius, Lucius Verus married Fundania to a Greek freedman called Agaclytus. Aurelius did not attend the ceremony or the banquet.

Nerva–Antonine family tree[edit]

  • (1) = 1st spouse
  • (2) = 2nd spouse (not shown)
  • (3) = 3rd spouse
  • Darker purple indicates Emperor of the Nerva-Antonine dynasty; lighter purple indicates designated imperial heir of said dynasty who never reigned
  • dashed lines indicate adoption; dotted lines indicate love affairs/unmarried relationships
  • small caps = posthumously deified (Augusti, Augustae, or other)

Q. Marcius Barea Soranus Q. Marcius Barea Sura Antonia Furnilla M. Cocceius Nerva Sergia Plautilla P. Aelius Hadrianus
(r. 79-81)
Marcia Furnilla Marcia Trajanus Pater Nerva
(r. 96–98)
Ulpia Aelius Hadrianus Marullinus
Julia Flavia Marciana G. Salonius Matidius Trajan
(r. 98–117)
Plotina P. Acilius Attianus P. Aelius Afer Paulina Major L. Julius Ursus Servianus
Lucius Mindius
Libo Rupilius Frugi
Matidia L. Vibius Sabinus
Antinous Hadrian (r. 117–138) Paulina
Matidia Minor Suetonius Sabina
Annius Verus
G. Fuscus Salinator I Julia Serviana Paulina
Rupilia Faustina Boionia Procilla G. Arrius Antoninus
L. Caesennius Paetus L. Ceionius Commodus Appia Severa G. Fuscus Salinator II
Arria Antonia Arria Fadilla T. Aurelius Fulvus
L. Caesennius Antoninus Lucius
Fundania Plautia Ignota Plautia G. Avidius
Antoninus Pius
(r. 138–161)
M. Annius Verus Domitia Lucilla Fundania M. Annius Libo FAUSTINA Lucius Aelius
Avidia Plautia
(r. 161–180)
FAUSTINA Minor G. Avidius Cassius Aurelia Fadilla LUCIUS VERUS
(r. 161–169)
Ceionia Fabia Plautius Quintillus Q. Servilius Pudens Ceionia Plautia
Cornificia Minor M. Petronius Sura COMMODUS
(r. 177–192)
Fadilla M. Annius Verus Caesar T. Claudius Pompeianus (2) Lucilla M. Plautius Quintillus Junius Licinius Balbus Servilia Ceionia
Petronius Antoninus L. Aurelius Agaclytus
Aurelia Sabina L. Antistius Burrus
Plautius Quintillus Plautia Servilla G. Furius Sabinus Timesitheus Antonia Gordiana Junius Licinius Balbus
Furia Sabina Tranquillina GORDIAN III
(r. 238-244)


Political offices
Preceded by
Lucius Aemilius Iuncus,
Gnaeus Minicius Faustinus Sextus Julius Severus
Consul of the Roman Empire
with Lucius Nonius Calpurnius Torquatus Asprenas,
Lucius Caesennius Antoninus
Succeeded by
Marcus Junius Mettius Rufus,
Quintus Pomponius Maternus
Preceded by
Marcus Aurelius,
Lucius Verus
Consul of the Roman Empire
with Quintus Camurius Numisius Junior
Succeeded by
Junius Rusticus,
Lucius Titius Plautius Aquilinus