Marcus Annius Libo

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Marcus Annius Libo (Greek: Μαρκος Αννιος Λιβωνος, died 162) was a Roman who lived in the 2nd century. He was the son of Roman consul Marcus Annius Verus and Rupilia Faustina. He was consul in 128 and suffect consul in 161.

Libo's father was Spanish, but was of Roman descent and came from a senatorial family. His mother was a daughter to suffect consul Lucius Scribonius Libo Rupilius Frugi Bonus and Salonina Matidia (niece of the Roman Emperor Trajan). Libo's elder sister was Empress Faustina the Elder (mother of Empress Faustina the Younger) and his younger brother Marcus Annius Verus, was the father of Emperor Marcus Aurelius and paternal grandfather to Emperor Commodus. His cognomen Libo, he inherited from his maternal grandfather.

Libo was consul in 128. In this year, his name is mentioned on a marriage contract was written in Greek and Aramaic on papyrus. This papyrus was dated 4 April 128 and was found in 1961 Naham Hever in the Desert of Judea. During the reign of his brother-in-law, Emperor Antoninus Pius (reigned 138-161), named Libo in a Senatus Consultum (see, Senatus consultum ultimum) and became a senator.

Libo married a noblewoman called Fundania. Fundania bore Libo, two children who were:

When Libo died, against the wishes of Marcus Aurelius, Lucius Verus married Fundania to a Greek freedman called Agaclytus. Aurelius did not attend the ceremony or the banquet.

Nerva–Antonine family tree[edit]

  • (1) = 1st spouse
  • (2) = 2nd spouse (not shown)
  • (3) = 3rd spouse
  • Darker purple indicates Emperor of the Nerva-Antonine dynasty; lighter purple indicates designated imperial heir of said dynasty who never reigned
  • dashed lines indicate adoption; dotted lines indicate love affairs/unmarried relationships
  • small caps = posthumously deified (Augusti, Augustae, or other)


Q. Marcius Barea Soranus
Q. Marcius Barea Sura
Antonia Furnilla
M. Cocceius Nerva
Sergia Plautilla
P. Aelius Hadrianus
Titus
(r. 79-81)
Marcia Furnilla
Marcia
Trajanus Pater
Nerva
(r. 96–98)
Ulpia
Aelius Hadrianus Marullinus
Julia Flavia
Marciana
G. Salonius Matidius
Trajan
(r. 98–117)
Plotina
P. Acilius Attianus
P. Aelius Afer
Paulina Major
L. Julius Ursus Servianus
Lucius Mindius
(2)
Libo Rupilius Frugi
(3)
Matidia
L. Vibius Sabinus
(1)
Antinous
Hadrian (r. 117–138)
Paulina
Minor
Matidia Minor
Suetonius
Sabina
M.
Annius Verus
G. Fuscus Salinator I
Julia Serviana Paulina
Rupilia Faustina
Boionia Procilla
G. Arrius Antoninus
L. Caesennius Paetus
L. Ceionius Commodus
Appia Severa
G. Fuscus Salinator II
Arria Antonia
Arria Fadilla
T. Aurelius Fulvus
L. Caesennius Antoninus
Lucius
Commodus
Fundania Plautia
Ignota Plautia
G. Avidius
Nigrinus
Antoninus Pius
(r. 138–161)
M. Annius Verus
Domitia Lucilla
Fundania
M. Annius Libo
FAUSTINA
Lucius Aelius
Caesar
Avidia Plautia
Cornificia
MARCUS AURELIUS
(r. 161–180)
FAUSTINA Minor
G. Avidius Cassius
Aurelia Fadilla
LUCIUS VERUS
(r. 161–169)
(1)
Ceionia Fabia
Plautius Quintillus
Q. Servilius Pudens
Ceionia Plautia
Cornificia Minor
M. Petronius Sura
COMMODUS
(r. 177–192)
Fadilla
M. Annius Verus Caesar
T. Claudius Pompeianus (2)
Lucilla
M. Plautius Quintillus
Junius Licinius Balbus
Servilia Ceionia
Petronius Antoninus
L. Aurelius Agaclytus
(2)
Aurelia Sabina
L. Antistius Burrus
(1)
Plautius Quintillus
Plautia Servilla
G. Furius Sabinus Timesitheus
Antonia Gordiana
Junius Licinius Balbus
Furia Sabina Tranquillina
GORDIAN III
(r. 238-244)

Sources[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Lucius Aemilius Iuncus ,
Gnaeus Minicius Faustinus Sextus Julius Severus
Consul of the Roman Empire
128
with Lucius Nonius Calpurnius Torquatus Asprenas,
Lucius Caesennius Antoninus
Succeeded by
Marcus Junius Mettius Rufus,
Quintus Pomponius Maternus
Preceded by
Marcus Aurelius ,
Lucius Verus
Consul of the Roman Empire
161
with Quintus Camurius Numisius Junior
Succeeded by
Junius Rusticus,
Lucius Titius Plautius Aquilinus