Marcus Garvey (album)
|Studio album by Burning Spear|
|Released||December 12, 1975|
|Burning Spear chronology|
Jamaican release cover
Marcus Garvey is the third album by the reggae singer Burning Spear, released in 1975 on Island Records, ILPS 9377. The album is named after the Jamaican National Hero and Rastafari movement prophet Marcus Garvey. A dub version of it was released four months later as Garvey's Ghost.
This was the first album by the group recorded for Island Records, whose founder Chris Blackwell had been instrumental in breaking Jamaican reggae artists Jimmy Cliff, Toots and the Maytals, and Bob Marley to an international audience. It was produced by Lawrence Lindo, better known by his handle taken from the assassin of Lee Harvey Oswald, Jack Ruby. Apparently, upon their first meeting, Lindo and vocalist Winston Rodney realized the opening track to this album, "Marcus Garvey." The backing musicians, whom Lindo named The Black Disciples band, had been assembled from The Soul Syndicate and The Wailers.
All tracks written by Winston Rodney and Phillip Fullwood except as indicated.
- "Marcus Garvey" — 3:27
- "Slavery Days" — 3:34
- "The Invasion" (W. Rodney, C. Paisley, P. Fullwood) — 3:22
- "Live Good" (Marcus Rodney, Mackba Rodney, Winston Rodney) — 3:14
- "Give Me" (W. Rodney) — 3:11
- "Old Marcus Garvey" — 4:03
- "Tradition" (D. Hines, R. Willington, W. Rodney) — 3:30
- "Jordan River" (W. Rodney, M. Lawrence, P. Fullwood) — 3:00
- "Red, Gold & Green" (A. Folkes, W. Rodney, P. Fullwood) — 3:14
- "Resting Place" (W. Rodney) — 3:10
Ed Ward in a 1976 review in Rolling Stone felt that the music was rootsy and compelling, but that it wouldn't be understood by American audiences, and that the lead song about Marcus Garvey wouldn't make sense to anyone who didn't know Jamaican culture.
Jo-Ann Greene in an Allmusic retrospective summary feels that the album was a significant recording in roots reggae, though regrets that Island subsidiary Mango remixed the album too commercially, diluting some of the "haunting atmospheres" of producer Jack Ruby's original mix.
The album was included in Robert Dimery's 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die where Jim Harrington commented that he felt it had "a poignant blend of religious aspirations and cultural concerns".
The Black Disciples
- Bobby Ellis - trumpet
- Vincent "Trommie" Gordon - trombone, clavinet
- Carlton "Sam" Samuels - flute
- Herman Marquis - alto saxophone
- Richard "Dirty Harry" Hall - tenor saxophone
- Tyrone "Organ D" Downie - piano, organ
- Bernard "Touter" Harvey - piano, organ, clavinet
- Earl "Chinna" Smith - lead guitar
- Valentine "Tony" Chin – rhythm guitar
- Robbie "Rabbi" Shakespeare - bass
- Aston "Family Man" Barrett - bass
- Leroy "Horsemouth" Wallace - drums
- Engineers: George Philpott and Errol Thompson
- Recorded at Randy's Recording Studio, North Parade, Kingston, Jamaica
- Mixed at Joe Gibbs Studio, Retirement Crescent, Kingston, Jamaica
- Special thanks to Lloyd Coxone
- Katz, David. Marcus Garvey/Garvey's Ghost. Hip-O Records B0014272-02, 2010, liner notes.
- Katz, liner notes.
- Barrow, Steve & Dalton, Peter (1999) Reggae: 100 Essential CDs, Rough Guides, ISBN 1-85828-567-4
- Ward, Ed (April 8, 1976). "Burning Spear: Marcus Garvey : Music Reviews : Rolling Stone". web.archive.org. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
- Christgau, Robert (2012 [last update]). "Robert Christgau: CG: Burning Spear". robertchristgau.com. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
- Greene, Jo-Ann (2012 [last update]). "Marcus Garvey - Burning Spear | AllMusic". allmusic.com. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
- Harrington, Jim (2005). "1001 Albums: You Must Hear Before You Die". Octopus Publishing Group. p. 342. Retrieved 18 April 2012.