Marcus Horatius Pulvillus

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Marcus Horatius Pulvillus
Consul suffectus of the Roman Republic 509 BC
Consul of the Roman Republic 507 BC

Marcus Horatius Pulvillus was a figure in Ancient Rome at the time of the overthrow of the Roman monarchy. He was consul in 509 BC and again in 507 BC.

Biography[edit]

The ancient historian Dionysius of Halicarnassus describes a highly decorated revolutionary who was part of the expulsion of Rome's last king Lucius Tarquinius Superbus. However Livy does not mention his role in the revolution.

He was consul in the first year of the Republic in 509 BC, elected to replace Spurius Lucretius Tricipitinus who died in office. His colleague was Publius Valerius Publicola, with whom he also held his second consulship in 507 BC.

Other sources claim that Marcus Horatius was also the Pontifex Maximus.[citation needed]

Consecration of the Temple of Jupiter[edit]

Horatius consecrated the newly built Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus on the Capitoline Hill during his first consulship in 509 BC. Livy, Dio Cassius, and Plutarch say that the honour fell to Pulvillus rather than Publicola by lot, while Dionysius says Valerius was on a campaign at the time.

According to Livy, Publicola's friends were angered that the honour did not fall to Publicola. As Pulvillus was offering the prayer to the gods for the consecration of the temple, Publicola's friends announced that Pulvillus' son had died and, since his son remained unburied, Pulvillus was not fit to complete the ceremony. Pulvillus nevertheless ordered the body buried, and completed the ceremony.[1]

Cognomen[edit]

His surname appears as Pulvillus for the first time in Cicero's treatise De Domo Sua.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Livy, Ab urbe condita, 2.8
Political offices
Preceded by
Publius Valerius Publicola and Spurius Lucretius Tricipitinus
509 BC
Consul (Suffect) of the Roman Republic
with Publius Valerius Publicola (Suffect)
509 BC
Succeeded by
Publius Valerius Publicola and Titus Lucretius Tricipitinus
Preceded by
Publius Valerius Publicola and Titus Lucretius Tricipitinus
Consul of the Roman Republic
with Publius Valerius Poplicola
507 BC
Succeeded by
Spurius Larcius Rufus and Titus Herminius Aquilinus