Marcus Julius Gessius Marcianus

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Marcus Julius Gessius Marcianus also known as Gessius Marcianus[1] (flourished second half of the 2nd century & first half of the 3rd century, died 218[2]) was an Syrian Roman Aristocrat.

Background[edit]

Little is known on the origins of Marcianus. He originally came from Arca Caesarea[3][4] (modern Arqa, Lebanon). He was an Equestrian officer[5] who became a Promagistrate.[6] No more further details are known on the political career of Marcianus[7] and was murdered on the orders of Roman emperor Macrinus in 218[8] in Emesa, Syria.

Family & Issue[edit]

Marcianus married the Roman Syrian noblewoman Julia Avita Mamaea, as her second husband.[9] Mamaea was the second daughter of the powerful Roman Syrian nobles Julia Maesa and Gaius Julius Avitus Alexianus. Her maternal aunt was the Roman empress Julia Domna, her maternal uncle-in-marriage was the Roman emperor Lucius Septimius Severus; her maternal cousins were Roman emperors Caracalla and Publius Septimius Geta and Mamaea was the maternal aunt to Roman emperor Elagabalus.[10]

Marcianus married Mamaea sometime after 200. The marriage of Marcianus and Mamaea may have strengthened Septimius Severus’ power base in the Roman Eastern provinces.[11] Mamaea bore Marcianus the following children:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Birley, Septimius Severus: The African Emperor, p.222
  2. ^ Birley, Septimius Severus: The African Emperor, p.222
  3. ^ Birley, Septimius Severus: The African Emperor, p.222
  4. ^ Julia Avita Mamaea’s article at Livius.org
  5. ^ Julia Avita Mamaea’s article at Livius.org
  6. ^ Alexander Severus (A.D. 222–235) - De Imperatoribus Romanis by H.W. Benario
  7. ^ Birley, Septimius Severus: The African Emperor, p. 222
  8. ^ Birley, Septimius Severus: The African Emperor, p. 222
  9. ^ Julia Avita Mamaea’s article at Livius.org
  10. ^ Julia Avita Mamaea’s article at Livius.org
  11. ^ Julia Avita Mamaea’s article at Livius.org
  12. ^ Birley, Septimius Severus: The African Emperor, p.217&222
  13. ^ Birley, Septimius Severus: The African Emperor, p. 222
  14. ^ Augustan History, The Two Maximini, 29
  15. ^ Birley, Septimius Severus: The African Emperor, p.217

Sources[edit]