Marcus Junius Silanus (consul AD 15)

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Marcus Junius C. f. M. n. Silanus (c.26 BC – 37)[1] was an Ancient Roman senator who became suffect consul in 15.[2] His daughter Junia Claudilla was the first wife of Emperor Caligula.[2] His brother was a senator named Decimus Junius Silanus who was banished for having an affair with Vipsania Julia during the reign of Augustus.[2]

Ancient historians considered Marcus Silanus a highly respected man. When Tiberius came to power, if a judicial decision made by Silanus were appealed to the emperor, Tiberius invariably rejected the appeal, trusting Silanus' decision, and sent the case back to him.[2][3] He also had the honor of casting the first vote in the Senate,[1] and Silanus successfully talked Tiberius into recalling the banishment of his brother Decimus.[2]

In 33, his daughter Junia Claudilla married Caligula.[2][4] She died in 36[5] or early 37[6] but according to Philo, Silanus continued to treat Caligula as his own son.[7] In November or December of 37, Caligula had him executed for unclear reasons. Suetonius claims he plotted against Caligula [8] while Philo and other sources claim the emperor was simply annoyed by him.[1][7]

See also[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Barrett (1989), p. 76
  2. ^ a b c d e f Barrett (1989), p. 32
  3. ^ Ferrill (1991), p. 86
  4. ^ Garzetti (1974), p. 73
  5. ^ Ferrill (1991), p. 106
  6. ^ Garzetti (1974), p. 86
  7. ^ a b Philo, 65
  8. ^ Suetonius, 23.3

References[edit]

  • Philo, On Embassy to Gaius

External links[edit]