Marcus Petronius Sura Mamertinus

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Marcus Petronius Sura Mamertinus (died 190-192 AD) was a Roman consul who lived in the 2nd century and was one of the sons-in-law of the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius.

Mamertinus came from a wealthy, well-connected family of African Roman origins possibly from Egypt. His father Marcus Petronius Mamertinus was suffect consul in 150 and his mother was an unnamed African Roman noblewoman. He had a brother Marcus Petronius Sura Septimianus who served as consul in 190 and had a sister who had married the illustrious Roman Senator Marcus Antoninus Antius Lupus. Mamertinus was a kinsman of the Roman Grammarian Marcus Cornelius Fronto.

During the reign of the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius (161-180) and The Roman Empress Faustina the Younger (161-175), Mamertinus was betrothed to and later married Annia Cornificia Faustina Minor, one of the daughters of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina the Younger in Rome.

Sometime after 173, Cornificia Faustina bore Mamertinus a son, Petronius Antoninus. Mamertinus with his family could have been at the winter camp of Marcus Aurelius in early 180.

When Marcus Aurelius died in 180, the brother of Cornificia Faustina, Commodus succeeded her father as Roman Emperor. In 182, Mamertinus had served as consul. Between 190-192, Commodus had ordered the deaths of Mamertinus, his son, his brother and his sister’s family. Cornificia Faustina survived the political persecutions of her brother and later remarried.

Nerva–Antonine family tree[edit]

  • (1) = 1st spouse
  • (2) = 2nd spouse (not shown)
  • (3) = 3rd spouse
  • Darker purple indicates Emperor of the Nerva-Antonine dynasty; lighter purple indicates designated imperial heir of said dynasty who never reigned
  • dashed lines indicate adoption; dotted lines indicate love affairs/unmarried relationships
  • small caps = posthumously deified (Augusti, Augustae, or other)


Q. Marcius Barea Soranus Q. Marcius Barea Sura Antonia Furnilla M. Cocceius Nerva Sergia Plautilla P. Aelius Hadrianus
Titus
(r. 79-81)
Marcia Furnilla Marcia Trajanus Pater Nerva
(r. 96–98)
Ulpia Aelius Hadrianus Marullinus
Julia Flavia Marciana C. Salonius Matidius Trajan
(r. 98–117)
Plotina P. Acilius Attianus P. Aelius Afer Paulina Major L. Julius Ursus Servianus
Lucius Mindius
(2)
Libo Rupilius Frugi
(3)
Matidia L. Vibius Sabinus
(1)
Antinous Hadrian (r. 117–138) Paulina
Minor
Matidia Minor Suetonius Sabina
M.
Annius Verus
C. Fuscus Salinator I Julia Serviana Paulina
Rupilia Faustina Boionia Procilla Cn. Arrius Antoninus
L. Caesennius Paetus L. Ceionius Commodus Appia Severa C. Fuscus Salinator II
Arria Antonia Arria Fadilla T. Aurelius Fulvus
L. Caesennius Antoninus Lucius
Commodus
Fundania Plautia Ignota Plautia C. Avidius
Nigrinus
Antoninus Pius
(r. 138–161)
M. Annius Verus Domitia Lucilla Fundania M. Annius Libo FAUSTINA Lucius Aelius
Caesar
Avidia Plautia
Cornificia MARCUS AURELIUS
(r. 161–180)
FAUSTINA Minor C. Avidius Cassius Aurelia Fadilla LUCIUS VERUS
(r. 161–169)
(1)
Ceionia Fabia Plautius Quintillus Q. Servilius Pudens Ceionia Plautia
Cornificia Minor M. Petronius Sura COMMODUS
(r. 177–192)
Fadilla M. Annius Verus Caesar Ti. Claudius Pompeianus (2) Lucilla M. Plautius Quintillus Junius Licinius Balbus Servilia Ceionia
Petronius Antoninus L. Aurelius Agaclytus
(2)
Aurelia Sabina L. Antistius Burrus
(1)
Plautius Quintillus Plautia Servilla C. Furius Sabinus Timesitheus Antonia Gordiana Junius Licinius Balbus
Furia Sabina Tranquillina GORDIAN III
(r. 238-244)

Sources[edit]

  • The Fall of the Roman Empire: Film and History By Martin M. Winkler 2009
  • A commentary on the Letters of M. Cornelius Fronto, By Michael Petrus Josephus van den Hout, Marcus Cornelius Fronto 1999
  • From Tiberius to the Antonines: a history of the Roman Empire AD 14-192, by Albino Garzetti, 1974
  • Articles of Marcus Petronius Sura Mamertinus and Marcus Petronius Sura Septimianus from the German Version of Wikipedia
  • http://www.livius.org/fa-fn/faustina/faustina_ii.html
Political offices
Preceded by
Commodus,
Lucius Antistius Burrus
Consul of the Roman Empire
182
with Quintus Tineius Rufus
Succeeded by
Commodus,
Gaius Aufidius Victorinus