Marcus Porcius Cato (son of Cato the Younger)

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Marcus Porcius Cato (c. 73-42 BC), son of Cato the Younger by his first marriage to Atilia, was a Roman soldier and in his earlier years spent some time in politics with his father. Although he never achieved greatness, he was admired by close friends and relatives, and also served his father most loyally and shared his ideals. Marcus was renowned for being a man of gallantry and warm temperament.

Biography[edit]

He was the brother of Porcia Catonis, who was first married to Marcus Calpurnius Bibulus (co-consul with Caesar in 59 BC), she later married their half-cousin (on the maternal side) Marcus Junius Brutus. Marcus fought in the Battle of Thapsus, and after being defeated by Caesar's forces his father Cato committed suicide in 46 BC. Julius Caesar pardoned young Cato and allowed him to keep his father's property.

In spite of being pardoned by Caesar and allowed to return home, Marcus joined his brother-in-law Brutus and his ally Gaius Cassius Longinus in the assassination of Julius Caesar. Afterwards they fled Rome headed for Greece, where Marcus Cato fought in both of the battles of Philippi. He was killed in the second battle of Philippi in 42 BC (at the age of 31). According to Plutarch, as the army of the Liberators routed, Marcus refused to retreat and instead charged into the enemy ranks, allegedly without helmet or armor, to meet his death.

Family[edit]

Family tree[edit]

  • (1)=1st spouse
  • (2)=2nd spouse
  • x=assassin of Caesar


Salonia (2)
 
Cato the Elder
 
Licinia (1)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Marcus Porcius Cato Salonianus
 
 
 
Marcus Porcius Cato Licinianus
 
Marcus Livius Drusus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Marcus Porcius Cato (2)
 
Livia Drusa
 
Quintus Servilius Caepio the Younger (1)
 
Marcus Livius Drusus
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Atilia (1)
 
Cato the Younger
 
 
 
 
 
 
Marcus Livius Drusus Claudianus, adopted son
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Marcus Junius Brutus the Elder (1)
 
Servilia Caepionis
 
Decimus Junius Silanus (2)
 
 
Servilia the Younger
 
Quintus Servilius Caepio
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Porcia Catonis
 
Marcus Junius Brutus x
 
Junia Prima
 
 
 
Junia Tertia
 
Gaius Cassius Longinus x
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Marcus Porcius Cato (II)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Junia Secunda
 
Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (triumvir)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Descendant of Pompey and Lucius Cornelius Sulla
 
Lepidus the Younger
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Manius Aemilius Lepidus
 
 
Aemilia Lepida II

Notes[edit]