|— Province of Turkey —|
|• Total||8,891 km2 (3,433 sq mi)|
|• Density||84/km2 ( 220/sq mi)|
|Per capita income||22,798 TL (5th; 2011)|
Mardin Province (Kurdish: Parêzgeha Mêrdînê, Turkish: Mardin ili ) is a province of Turkey with a population of 744,606. The population was 835,173 in 2000. The capital of the Mardin Province is Mardin (Kurdish: Mêrdîn, Classical Syriac: ܡܶܪܕܺܝܢ "Mardin" in related Semitic language Arabic: ماردين, Mardīn). Located near the traditional boundary of Anatolia and Mesopotamia, it has a diverse population, composed by Kurdish, Turkish, Arab and Syriac people.
The local Syriacs, while very reduced due to the results of the 1915 massacres, hold on to two of the oldest monasteries in the world, Dayro d-Mor Hananyo (Turkish Deyrülzafaran, English Saffron Monastery) and Deyrulumur Monastery. The Christian community is concentrated on the Tur Abdin plateau and in the town of Midyat, with a smaller community (approximately 100) in the provincial capital.
Politically, the area in the early 2000s has witnessed competition between the governing Justice and Development Party and the mainly Kurdish-based Democratic People's Party, later revamped as Peace and Democracy Party.
Unemployment and poverty are serious problems, and there has been considerable out migration to western and southern Turkey, although the reduction in political violence (mainly related to the PKK-led insurgency), coupled with infrastructure improvements such as a new civil airport at the provincial capital and improvements to the Ankara-Baghdad highway are helping ameliorate matters.
Mardin province is divided into 10 districts (capital district in 'bold):
- Turkish Statistical Institute, MS Excel document – Population of province/district centers and towns/villages and population growth rate by provinces
- "İşte Türkiye'nin en zengin illeri" [Here is the richest provinces of Turkey]. Kuzey Ekspres Gazetesi (in Turkish). 2011-09-07. Retrieved 2013-03-01.
- Statistical Institute
- Population of Mardin province
- Local election results, 2004
- Lipiński, Edward (2000). The Aramaeans: their ancient history, culture, religion. Peeters Publishers. p. 146. ISBN 978-90-429-0859-8.
- Payne Smith's A Compendious Syriac Ditcionary, Dukhrana.com
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Mardin Province|
- Mardin Weather Forecast Information
- Pictures of the capital of this province
- Articles about the Syriacs and photos of Midyat
- Mardin photos
- Tourism information is available in English at the Southeastern Anatolian Promotion Project site.
- Mardin Travel Guide