|King of Babylon|
Hilprecht’s line art for the Marduk-aḫḫē-erība kudurru[i 1]
|Reign||ca. 1046 BC|
|Royal house||2nd Dynasty of Isin|
Marduk-aḫḫē-erība, “Marduk has replaced the brothers for me,” ca. 1046 BC, ruled as 9th king of the 2nd Dynasty of Isin and the 4th Dynasty of Babylon, but only for around 6 months.[nb 1] According to the Synchronistic Kinglist[i 2] he was a contemporary of the Assyrian king Aššur-bêl-kala.
The only contemporary source is a kudurru[i 1] (line art pictured), or gray limestone boundary marker, in a private collection in Istanbul, which records a land grant to a certain Kudurrâ, a “Ḫabiru” and servant of the king, in a region of northern Babylonia called Bīt-Piri’-Amurru. The term Ḫabiru may represent a socio-economic rather than ethnic designation as the name Kudurrâ is possibly not linguistically of semitic derivation. The field was surveyed[nb 2] by a diviner, a scribe named Nabû-ēriš the son of (i.e. descendant of) Arad-Ea, an administrator and a mayor.
It has been suggested that he is the 5th king represented in the Prophecy A[i 3] by the single line, “A prince will arise, and his days will be short. He will not rule in the land.” This is a late Assyrian tablet found at Assur and first published in 1923, which narrates a sequence of 12 Babylonian kings.
- Kudurru BE I 2 149.
- Synchronistic Kings List A.117, excavation reference Assur 14616c, ii 22.
- Prophecy A, tablet VAT 10179 (KAR 421) obverse ii 19.
- The Kinglist A, tablet BM 33332, iii 2 gives 1 year 6 months together with the beginning of his name, mdŠÚ-ŠEŠ-
- Termed rēš eqli našû, to lift the head of the field.
- J. A. Brinkman (1968). A political history of post-Kassite Babylonia, 1158-722 B.C. Analecta Orientalia. p. 44.
- J. A. Brinkman (1999). "Isin". In Dietz Otto Edzard. Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archäologie: Ia - Kizzuwatna. Walter De Gruyter. p. 184.
- H. V. Hilprecht (1896). Old Babylonian Inscriptions Chiefly from Nippur, volume I part II. Philadelphia: Amer. Philos. Society. pp. 65–67. text 149.
- J. A. Brinkman (1999). Dietz Otto Edzard, ed. Reallexikon der Assyriologie und Vorderasiatischen Archäologie: Libanukasabas – Medizin. Walter De Gruyter. p. 374.
- Eleanor Robson (2008). Mathematics in Ancient Iraq: A Social History. Princeton University Press. pp. 169, 174.
- Tremper Longman (July 1, 1990). Fictional Akkadian autobiography: a generic and comparative study. Eisenbrauns. p. 161.