Maren Spliid

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Maren Spliid, Spliids or Splids, (c. 1600 – 9 November 1641), was an alleged Danish witch, probably the most known victim of the persecution of witches in Denmark. Together with Norway, Denmark burned more witches than the other countries in Scandinavia, and many people were burned between 1540 and 1693, especially in Jutland.

The first trial[edit]

Maren Spliid, was the wife of a wealthy and successful tailor in the town of Ribe in Jutland and ran an inn in one of her husband's houses. She was an independent woman with a sharp tongue.

Didrik the Tailor, an unsuccessful professional competitor to her husband, accused her of sorcery in 1637. He claimed that one night he had been awoken by three witches; two were unknown by him, but the third was Maren. They had held him down, and Maren blew into his mouth. The day after he was sick, and vomited up an object he thought was moving. The object was brought forward and observed by priests and the bishop, who declared it to be unnatural. But her husband stood by her side and managed to have her acquitted of the charges.

The second trial[edit]

Didrik then gathered witnesses to support his cause and went straight to the king, Christian IV of Denmark, in 1639. The king declared that the case should be opened again, and that Maren should bring 15 character witnesses to swear her free from the charges. She did not manage to get them, and was therefore judged guilty of the charges in 1640, but freed by the higher court.

The matter was now brought before the highest court, where the king was a judge. The king had Maren brought to Copenhagen and tortured her, despite the fact that the law forbade torture of prisoners before they were judged. The torture made her admit guilt and number of other people as witches. The judgement was; "Because Maren Spliid personally and here before the court as well as in earlier confessions, that she had used sorcery, and thereby misused the holy sacrament of communion, we found her as a sorceress, and on her life suffer fire and stake". In Denmark, witches were often burned alive at the stake.

Execution[edit]

The day after the verdict, Maren was executed outside of Ribe. So many people had come to see it that the priest could hardly get to her. She was given a half bottle of alcohol to steady herself with and a bag of gunpowder on her back to make the death quicker. Then she was tied to a ladder, and the ladder was thrown into the fire.

Eleven years after this execution, in 1652, Anna Bruds was burned in Ribe as a witch, but after this the witch hunt in Denmark was less intense, though the last convicted witch in Denmark, Anne Palles, was executed in 1693.

References[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • Jan Guillou: Häxornas försvarare (The defender of the witches) (In Swedish)
  • John Andersen, Torben Andersen, Thomas Wad: Heksenes historie (The history of witches) (In Danish)
  • Gretelise Holm: Maren Splids - En heks fra Ribe (Maren Splids - a witch from Ribe (In Danish)
  • David Grønlund: Historisk Efterretning om de i Ribe By for hekseri forfulgte og brændte Mennesker (The history about the persecuted and burned people of Ribe) (In Danish)

See also[edit]